German submarine U-418

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Career (Nazi Germany)
Name: U-418
Ordered: 20 January 1941
Builder: Danziger Werft, Danzig
Yard number: 119
Laid down: 21 October 1942
Launched: 11 July 1942
Commissioned: 21 October 1942
Fate: Sunk by a British aircraft in Bay of Biscay, June 1943[1]
General characteristics [2]
Class and type: Type VIIC submarine
Displacement: 769 tonnes (757 long tons) surfaced
871 t (857 long tons) submerged
Length: 67.10 m (220 ft 2 in) o/a
50.50 m (165 ft 8 in) pressure hull
Beam: 6.20 m (20 ft 4 in) o/a
4.70 m (15 ft 5 in) pressure hull
Height: 9.60 m (31 ft 6 in)
Draft: 4.74 m (15 ft 7 in)
Propulsion: 2 × supercharged Germaniawerft 6-cylinder 4-stroke F46 diesel engines, totalling 2,800–3,200 PS (2,100–2,400 kW; 2,800–3,200 bhp). Max rpm: 470–490
2 × SSW GU 343/38-8 double-acting electric motors, totalling 750 PS (550 kW; 740 shp) and max rpm: 296.
Speed: 17.7 knots (32.8 km/h; 20.4 mph) surfaced
7.6 knots (14.1 km/h; 8.7 mph) submerged
Range: 8,500 nmi (15,700 km; 9,800 mi) at 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph) surfaced
80 nmi (150 km; 92 mi) at 4 knots (7.4 km/h; 4.6 mph) submerged
Test depth: 230 m (750 ft)
Crush depth: 250–295 m (820–968 ft)
Complement: 44–52 officers and ratings
Armament:
Service record[3]
Part of: 8th U-boat Flotilla
(21 October 1942 – 30 April 1943)
1st U-boat Flotilla
(1 May – 1 June 1943)
Commanders: Oblt.z.S. Gerhard Lange
(21 October 1942 – 1 June 1943)
Operations: 24 April – 1 June 1943
Victories: None

German submarine U-418 was a Type VIIC U-boat of Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine during World War II.

She carried out one patrol. She was a member of three wolfpacks. She did not sink or damage any ships.

She was sunk by a British aircraft in the Bay of Biscay in June 1943.[1][3]

Service history[edit]

The submarine was laid down on 21 October 1941 at the Danziger Werft (yard) at Danzig (now Gdansk), as yard number 119, launched on 11 July 1942 and commissioned on 21 October under the command of Oberleutnant zur See Gerhard Lange.

She served with the 8th U-boat Flotilla from 21 October 1942 and the 1st flotilla from 1 May 1943.

Patrol and loss[edit]

U-418 left Kiel on 24 April 1943 and headed for the Atlantic Ocean via the gap between Iceland and the Faroe Islands. The boat was attacked, (but it was not reported), by a British Catalina flying boat of No. 210 Squadron RAF on 30 May. One man was killed, two others were wounded. The aircraft sank on its return to Pembroke Dock, but was later salvaged.

U-418 was sunk on 1 June 1943 by rockets from a British Bristol Beaufighter of 236 Squadron in the western Bay of Biscay.

Wolfpacks[edit]

U-418 took part in three wolfpacks, namely.

  • Without name (5–10 May 1943)
  • Isar (10–15 May 1943)
  • Donau 1 (15–23 May 1943)

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Kemp 1999, pp. 122-3.
  2. ^ Gröner 1985, pp. 72-74.
  3. ^ a b Helgason, Guðmundur. "The Type VIIC boat U-418". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 16 September 2012. 

Bibliography[edit]

  • Busch, Rainer; Röll, Hans-Joachim (1999). Deutsche U-Boot-Verluste von September 1939 bis Mai 1945. Der U-Boot-Krieg (in German) IV (Hamburg, Berlin, Bonn: Mittler). ISBN 3-8132-0514-2. 
  • Gröner, Erich (1985). U-Boote, Hilfskreuzer, Minenschiffe, Netzleger, Sperrbrecher. Die deutschen Kriegsschiffe 1815-1945 (in German) III (Koblenz: Bernard & Graefe). ISBN 3-7637-4802-4. 
  • Kemp, Paul (1999). U-Boats Destroyed - German Submarine Losses in the World Wars. London: Arms & Armour. ISBN 1-85409-515-3. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 47°05′N 8°55′W / 47.083°N 8.917°W / 47.083; -8.917