German submarine U-452

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Career (Nazi Germany)
Name: U-449
Ordered: 20 October 1939
Builder: Deutsche Werke AG, Kiel
Yard number: 283
Laid down: 25 May 1940
Launched: 29 March 1941
Commissioned: 29 May 1941
Fate: Sunk by a British aircraft and a British warship southeast of Iceland, August 1941[1]
General characteristics [2]
Class and type: Type VIIC submarine
Displacement: 769 tonnes (757 long tons) surfaced
871 t (857 long tons) submerged
Length: 67.1 m (220 ft 2 in) o/a
50.5 m (165 ft 8 in) pressure hull
Beam: 6.2 m (20 ft 4 in) o/a
4.7 m (15 ft 5 in) pressure hull
Height: 9.6 m (31 ft 6 in)
Draft: 4.74 m (15 ft 7 in)
Propulsion: 2 × supercharged Germaniawerft 6-cylinder 4-stroke F46 diesel engines, totalling 2,800–3,200 PS (2,800–3,200 bhp; 2,100–2,400 kW). Max rpm: 470-490
2 × electric motors, totalling 750 PS (740 shp; 550 kW) and max rpm: 296.
Speed: 17.7 knots (32.8 km/h; 20.4 mph) surfaced
7.6 knots (14.1 km/h; 8.7 mph) submerged
Range: 8,500 nmi (15,700 km; 9,800 mi) at 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph) surfaced
80 nmi (150 km; 92 mi) at 4 knots (7.4 km/h; 4.6 mph) submerged
Test depth: 230 m (750 ft)
Crush depth: 250–295 m (820–968 ft)
Complement: 44–52 officers and ratings
Armament:
Service record[3]
Part of: 3rd U-boat Flotilla
(29 May–1 August 1941)
3rd U-boat Flotilla
(1–25 August 1941)
Commanders: Kptlt. Jürgen March
(29 May–25 August 1941)
Operations: 19–24 August 1941
Victories: None

German submarine U-452 was a Type VIIC U-boat of Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine during World War II.

She carried out one patrol. She sank no ships.

She was sunk by a British aircraft and a British warship southeast of Iceland, in August 1941.[1]

Service history[edit]

The submarine was laid down on 25 May 1940 at the Deutsche Werke in Kiel as yard number 283, launched on 29 March 1941 and commissioned on 29 May under the command of Kapitänleutnant Jürgen March.

She served with the 3rd U-boat Flotilla from 29 May 1941 for training and stayed with that organization for operations.

Patrol and loss[edit]

U-432‍ '​s only patrol began with her departure from Trondheim in Norway on 19 August 1941. On the 25th, she was sunk southeast of Iceland after an attack by a Catalina flying boat of No. 209 Squadron RAF and HMS Vascama, an anti-submarine trawler.

Forty-two men went down with U-452; there were no survivors.[3][1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Kemp 1999, pp. 71-72.
  2. ^ Gröner 1985, pp. 72-74.
  3. ^ a b Helgason, Guðmundur. "The Type VIIC boat U-452". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 22 September 2012. 

Bibliography[edit]

  • Busch, Rainer; Röll, Hans-Joachim (1999). Deutsche U-Boot-Verluste von September 1939 bis Mai 1945. Der U-Boot-Krieg (in German) IV (Hamburg, Berlin, Bonn: Mittler). ISBN 3-8132-0514-2. 
  • Gröner, Erich (1985). U-Boote, Hilfskreuzer, Minenschiffe, Netzleger, Sperrbrecher. Die deutschen Kriegsschiffe 1815–1945 (in German) III (Koblenz: Bernard & Graefe). ISBN 3-7637-4802-4. 
  • Kemp, Paul (1999). U-Boats Destroyed - German Submarine Losses in the World Wars. London: Arms & Armour. ISBN 1-85409-515-3. 

External links[edit]