German submarine U-453

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Career (Nazi Germany)
Name: U-453
Ordered: 30 October 1939
Builder: Deutsche Werke, Kiel
Yard number: 284
Laid down: 4 July 1940
Launched: 30 April 1941
Commissioned: 26 June 1941
Fate: Sunk by depth charges on 21 May 1944 off the south coast of Italy at position 38°13′N 16°30′E / 38.217°N 16.500°E / 38.217; 16.500Coordinates: 38°13′N 16°30′E / 38.217°N 16.500°E / 38.217; 16.500 by Royal Navy surface warships.
General characteristics [1]
Class and type: Type VIIC submarine
Displacement: 769 tonnes (757 long tons) surfaced
871 t (857 long tons) submerged
Length: 67.1 m (220 ft 2 in) o/a
50.5 m (165 ft 8 in) pressure hull
Beam: 6.2 m (20 ft 4 in) o/a
4.7 m (15 ft 5 in) pressure hull
Height: 9.6 m (31 ft 6 in)
Draft: 4.74 m (15 ft 7 in)
Propulsion: 2 × supercharged Germaniawerft 6-cylinder 4-stroke F46 diesel engines, totalling 2,800–3,200 PS (2,800–3,200 bhp; 2,100–2,400 kW). Max rpm: 470-490
2 × electric motors, totalling 750 PS (740 shp; 550 kW) and max rpm: 296
Speed: 17.7 knots (32.8 km/h; 20.4 mph) surfaced
7.6 knots (14.1 km/h; 8.7 mph) submerged
Range: 8,500 nmi (15,700 km; 9,800 mi) at 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph) surfaced
80 nmi (150 km; 92 mi) at 4 knots (7.4 km/h; 4.6 mph) submerged
Test depth: 230 m (750 ft)
Crush depth: 250–295 m (820–968 ft)
Complement: 44–52 officers & ratings
Armament:
Service record[2]
Part of: 7th U-boat Flotilla
(26 June - 1 November 1941) - Training
7th U-boat Flotilla
(1 November - 31 December 1941)
29th U-boat Flotilla
(1 January 1942 - 21 May 1944)
Commanders: Kptlt. Gert Hetschko
(26 June - 8 July 1941)
Kptlt. Egon-Reiner von Schlippenbach
(9 July 1941 - 6 December 1943)
Oblt.z.S. Dierk Lührs
(7 December 1943 – 21 May 1944)
Operations:

1st patrol:
12 November - 17 December 1941
2nd patrol:
17 January - 1 February 1942
3rd patrol:
22 March - 21 April 1942
4th patrol:
25 May - 14 June 1942
5th patrol:
18 June - 21 July 1942
6th patrol:
17 September - 15 October 1942
7th patrol:
29 November - 17 December 1942
8th patrol:
11 January - 16 February 1943
9th patrol:
1 April - 5 May 1943
10th patrol:
23 June - 24 July 1943
11th patrol:
31 July - 14 August 1943
12th patrol:
21–27 October 1943
13th patrol:
2–13 November 1943
14th patrol:
24 November - 1 December 1943
15th patrol:
12 January - 9 February 1944
16th patrol:
8–25 March 1944

17th patrol:
30 April - 21 May 1944
Victories: 9 merchant ships sunk (23,289 GRT)
2 merchant ships damaged (16,610 GRT)
2 warships sunk (2,540 tons)

German submarine U-453 was a Type VIIC U-boat built for Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine for service during World War II. She was laid down on 4 July 1940 by Deutsche Werke in Kiel as yard number 284, launched on 30 April 1941 and commissioned on 26 June 1941 under Kapitänleutnant Egon-Reiner von Schlippenbach (Knight’s Cross).

The boat's service began on 26 June 1941 with training as part of the 7th U-boat Flotilla, followed by active service until being transferred to the 29th flotilla on 1 January 1942, based in La Spezia in Italy.

Service History[edit]

In 17 patrols she sank nine merchant ships for a total of 23,289 gross register tons (GRT), plus two warships and damaged two merchant ships.

Fate[edit]

She was depth charged and sunk by on 21 May 1944 off the south coast of Italy at position 38°13′N 16°30′E / 38.217°N 16.500°E / 38.217; 16.500 by Royal Navy destroyers HMS Termagant, HMS Tenacious and the escort destroyer HMS Liddesdale.

Summary of raiding career[edit]

Date Name Nationality Tonnage
(GRT)
Fate[3]
13 December 1941 Badalona  Spain 4,202 Sunk
7 April 1942 HMHS Somersetshire  Royal Navy 9,716 Damaged
20 January 1943 Jean Jadot  Belgium 5,859 Sunk
30 June 1943 Oligarch  United Kingdom 6,894 Damaged
6 July 1943 Shahjehan  United Kingdom 5,454 Sunk
15 November 1943 HMS Quail  Royal Navy 1,705 Total loss - mined
20 November 1943 Jela  Yugoslavia 335 Sunk - mined
22 November 1943 HMS Hebe  Royal Navy 835 Sunk - mined
1 February 1944 Agia Paraskevi  Greece 80 Sunk
1 February 1944 Salem  Lebanon 81 Sunk
1 February 1944 Himli  Lebanon 67 Sunk
1 February 1944 Yahiya  Syria 64 Sunk
19 May 1944 Fort Missanabie  United Kingdom 7,147 Sunk

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gröner 1985, pp. 72-74.
  2. ^ Helgason, Guðmundur. "The Type VIIC boat U-453". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 27 April 2014. 
  3. ^ Helgason, Guðmundur. "Ships hit by U-453". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 27 December 2014. 

Bibliography[edit]

  • Busch, Rainer; Röll, Hans-Joachim (1999). Deutsche U-Boot-Verluste von September 1939 bis Mai 1945. Der U-Boot-Krieg (in German) IV (Hamburg, Berlin, Bonn: Mittler). ISBN 3-8132-0514-2. 
  • Gröner, Erich (1985). U-Boote, Hilfskreuzer, Minenschiffe, Netzleger, Sperrbrecher. Die deutschen Kriegsschiffe 1815-1945 (in German) III (Koblenz: Bernard & Graefe). ISBN 3-7637-4802-4. 

External links[edit]

  • Hofmann, Markus. "U 453". Deutsche U-Boote 1935-1945 - u-boot-archiv.de (in German). Retrieved 26 December 2014. 
  • Helgason, Guðmundur. "The Type VIIC boat U-453". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 26 December 2014.