German submarine U-490
|Ordered:||17 July 1941|
|Laid down:||21 February 1942|
|Launched:||24 December 1942|
|Commissioned:||27 March 1943|
|Fate:||Sunk, 12 June 1944|
|General characteristics |
|Class & type:||German Type XIV submarine|
|Height:||11.70 m (38 ft 5 in)|
|Draft:||6.51 m (21 ft 4 in)|
|Test depth:||240 m (790 ft)1|
|Operations:||1st patrol: 22 July - 4 August 1943|
Her keel was laid down on 21 February 1942, by Germaniawerft of Kiel as yard number 559. She was launched on 24 December 1942 and commissioned on 27 March 1943, with Leutnant zur See Wilhelm Gerlach in command. He remained in command throughout the boat's short career.
U-490 's first patrol began with her departure from Kiel on 4 May 1944. She headed for the Atlantic by way of the so-called Faeroes Gap between Iceland and the Faeroe Islands, north of the British Isles.
Although as a supply boat, she avoided combat, she was lost on her first patrol when on 12 June, she was attacked in mid-ocean by the escort carrier USS Croatan and the destroyers Frost, Huse and Inch. There were 60 survivors (no casualties).
- Busch, Rainer; Röll, Hans-Joachim (1999). Deutsche U-Boot-Verluste von September 1939 bis Mai 1945. Der U-Boot-Krieg (in German) IV (Hamburg, Berlin, Bonn: Mittler). ISBN 3-8132-0514-2.
- Gröner, Erich (1985). U-Boote, Hilfskreuzer, Minenschiffe, Netzleger, Sperrbrecher. Die deutschen Kriegsschiffe 1815-1945 (in German) III (Koblenz: Bernard & Graefe). ISBN 3-7637-4802-4.
- Kemp, Paul (1999). U-Boats Destroyed - German Submarine Losses in the World Wars. London: Arms & Armour. ISBN 1-85409-515-3.
- Helgason, Guðmundur. "The Type XIV boat U-490". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 6 December 2014.
- U-490 at ubootwaffe.net[dead link]