German submarine U-518
|Career (Nazi Germany)|
|Ordered:||14 February 1940|
|Builder:||Deutsche Werft, Hamburg|
|Laid down:||12 June 1941|
|Launched:||11 February 1942|
|Commissioned:||25 April 1942|
|Fate:||Sunk, 22 April 1945|
|General characteristics |
|Class and type:||Type IXC submarine|
|Displacement:||1,120 t (1,100 long tons) surfaced
1,232 t (1,213 long tons) submerged
|Length:||76.76 m (251 ft 10 in) o/a
58.75 m (192 ft 9 in) pressure hull
|Beam:||6.76 m (22 ft 2 in) o/a
4.4 m (14 ft 5 in) pressure hull
|Height:||9.6 m (31 ft 6 in)|
|Draft:||4.7 m (15 ft 5 in)|
|Propulsion:||2 × MAN M 9 V 40/46 supercharged 9-cylinder diesel engines, 4,400 PS (4,340 shp; 3,236 kW)
2 × SSW 2 GU 345/34 double acting electric motors, 1,000 PS (986 shp; 735 kW)
|Speed:||18.3 knots (33.9 km/h; 21.1 mph) surfaced
7.7 knots (14.3 km/h; 8.9 mph) submerged
|Range:||13,450 nmi (24,910 km; 15,480 mi) at 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph) surfaced
64 nmi (119 km; 74 mi) at 4 knots (7.4 km/h; 4.6 mph) submerged
|Test depth:||230 m (750 ft)|
|Complement:||48 to 56|
|Part of:||4th U-boat Flotilla
(25 April–30 September 1942)
2nd U-boat Flotilla
(1 October 1942–31 October 1944)
33rd U-boat Flotilla
(1 November 1944–22 April 1945)
|Commanders:||F.Kapt. Hans-Günther Brachmann
(25 April–18 August 1942)
Kptlt. Friedrich-Wilhelm Wissmann
(19 August 1942–13 January 1944)
Oblt.z.S. Hans-Werner Offermann
(13 January 1944–22 April 1945)
|Operations:||1st patrol: 26 September–15 December 1942
2nd patrol: 11 January–27 April 1943
3rd patrol: 24 June–3 July 1943
4th patrol: 18 August–1 December 1943
5th patrol: 23 January–7 May 1944
6th patrol: 15 July–24 October 1944
7th patrol: 12 March–22 April 1945
|Victories:||Nine commercial ships sunk (55,747 GRT)
three commercial ships damaged (22,616 GRT)
German submarine U-518 was a Type IXC U-boat of the Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine during World War II. She saw considerable success from her launch in 11 February 1942 until she was sunk on 22 April 1945. The U-boat was laid down at the Deutsche Werft in Hamburg as yard number 314 on 12 June 1941, and commissioned on 25 April 1942 with Fregattenkapitän Hans-Günther Brachmann in command. He was replaced on 19 August 1942 by Kapitänleutnant Friedrich-Wilhelm Wissmann. She sank nine ships and damaged three more in ten active patrols. U-518 had a crew of 56, and was by then commanded by Oberleutnant zur See Hans-Werner Offermann from 13 January 1944.
She left Kiel on 26 September 1942, by-passed the British Isles via the gap between Iceland and the Faeroe Islands and crossed the Atlantic. She entered Conception Bay, Newfoundland and near Bell Island sank the British PLM 27 and the Canadian Rose Castle on 2 November. A week later, on November 9, she put a German spy named Werner von Janowski ashore at New Carlisle, Quebec.
Moving out into the Atlantic proper, she attacked other ships, such as the British Empire Sailor on the 21st and the American Caddo on the 23rd. With these and other successes behind her, she moved to her new home base, Lorient in occupied France, arriving on 15 December 1942.
Leaving Lorient on 11 January 1943, she sailed to the eastern Brazilian coast and on 14 February 1943 came under attack from unidentified Allied aircraft; she sustained minimal damage Between 18 February and 25 March, she sank another four ships.On the return journey, she passed through the Cape Verde Islands, west of the Canaries and east of the Azores, arriving back at Lorient on 27 April 1943 after a patrol lasting 107 days.
Her third sortie was marred by a depth charge and strafing attack on 27 June 1943 by a Sunderland flying boat of 201 Squadron, RAF. The damage incurred was serious enough to warrant her return which was hampered by another attack by a Sunderland, this time from 10 Squadron, RAAF on 30 June in the Bay of Biscay. This incident caused no further damage, but the aircraft's rear gunner was mortally wounded.The boat docked in Bordeaux on 3 July.
She spent fifteen weeks on patrol which included a presence in the Gulf of Mexico, between 18 August and 1 December 1943, with no results.
Another long patrol saw the boat in the Caribbean where she torpedoed the Panamanian Valera. The ship broke in two before sinking. The submarine had departed Lorient on 23 January 1944 and returned there on 10 July.
This was a non-active Patrol, traveling from port to port, lasted from 4–10 July 1944, with no results
By now, the Allies were besieging the Atlantic ports on the landward side; the boat departed Lorient for the last time on 15 July 1944. Allied escort ships attacked a submarine in mid-ocean, probably U-518, on 9 August. She next turned up, on the eastern US coast, where she damaged the American George Ade. She then withdrew to Kristiansand in Norway, arriving on 24 October 1944.
Eighth and ninth patrols
Both of these voyages from 25–28 October 1944 and 5–10 March 1945 were between ports and produced no results.
Tenth and final patrol
U-518 took part in two wolfpacks, namely.
- Panther (7–11 October 1942)
- Seewolf (14–22 April 1945)
Summary of raiding career
|2 November 1942||P.L.M. 27||United Kingdom||5,633||Sunk|
|2 November 1942||Rose Castle||Canada||7,803||Sunk|
|21 November 1942||British Promise||United Kingdom||8,443||Damaged|
|21 November 1942||British Renown||United Kingdom||8,443||Damaged|
|21 November 1942||Empire Sailor||United Kingdom||6,997||Sunk|
|21 November 1942||Caddo||United States||10,172||Sunk|
|18 February 1943||Brasiloide||Brazil||6,075||Sunk|
|1 March 1943||Fitz-John Porter||United States||7,176||Sunk|
|20 March 1943||Mariso||Netherlands||7,659||Sunk|
|25 March 1943||Industria||Sweden||1,688||Sunk|
|7 March 1944||Valera||Panama||3,401||Sunk|
|12 September 1944||George Ade||United States||7,176||Damaged|
- Kemp 1999, p. 252.
- Gröner 1985, pp. 105-7.
- Helgason, Guðmundur. "The Type IXC boat U-518". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 26 February 2010.
- Helgason, Guðmundur. "War Patrols by German U-boat U-518". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 26 February 2010.
- "U-Boat Operations". ubootwaffe.net. Retrieved 26 February 2010.
- Helgason, Guðmundur. "The Type VIIB boat U-51". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 3 October 2014.
- Beeby, Dean (1995). Cargo of lies : the true story of a Nazi double-agent in Canada. Toronto: University of Toronto Press. p. x. ISBN 0-8020-0731-7.
- Helgason, Guðmundur. "Ships hit by U-518". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 30 January 2014.
- Busch, Rainer; Röll, Hans-Joachim (1999). Deutsche U-Boot-Verluste von September 1939 bis Mai 1945. Der U-Boot-Krieg (in German) IV (Hamburg, Berlin, Bonn: Mittler). ISBN 3-8132-0514-2.
- Gröner, Erich (1985). U-Boote, Hilfskreuzer, Minenschiffe, Netzleger, Sperrbrecher. Die deutschen Kriegsschiffe 1815-1945 (in German) III (Koblenz: Bernard & Graefe). ISBN 3-7637-4802-4.
- Kemp, Paul (1999). U-Boats Destroyed - German Submarine Losses in the World Wars. London: Arms & Armour. ISBN 1-85409-515-3.
- Helgason, Guðmundur. "The Type IXC boat U-518". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 7 December 2014.
- U-518 at ubootwaffe.net[dead link]
- Hofmann, Markus. "U 518". Deutsche U-Boote 1935-1945 - u-boot-archiv.de (in German). Retrieved 7 December 2014.