German submarine U-522
U-505, a typical Type IXC boat
|Ordered:||14 February 1940|
|Builder:||Deutsche Werft, Hamburg|
|Laid down:||9 July 1941|
|Launched:||1 April 1942|
|Commissioned:||11 June 1942|
|Fate:||Sunk, February 1943 in mid-Atlantic west of Madeira by HMS Totland (Y 88).|
|Class and type:||Type IXC submarine|
|Height:||9.60 m (31 ft 6 in)|
|Draught:||4.70 m (15 ft 5 in)|
|Test depth:||230 m (750 ft)|
|Complement:||4 officers, 44 enlisted|
German Type IXC submarines were slightly larger than the original Type IXBs. U-522 had a displacement of 1,120 tonnes (1,100 long tons) when at the surface and 1,232 tonnes (1,213 long tons) while submerged. The U-boat had a total length of 76.76 m (251 ft 10 in), a pressure hull length of 58.75 m (192 ft 9 in), a beam of 6.76 m (22 ft 2 in), a height of 9.60 m (31 ft 6 in), and a draught of 4.70 m (15 ft 5 in). The submarine was powered by two MAN M 9 V 40/46 supercharged four-stroke, nine-cylinder diesel engines producing a total of 4,400 metric horsepower (3,240 kW; 4,340 shp) for use while surfaced, two Siemens-Schuckert 2 GU 345/34 double-acting electric motors producing a total of 1,000 shaft horsepower (1,010 PS; 750 kW) for use while submerged. She had two shafts and two 1.92 m (6 ft) propellers. The boat was capable of operating at depths of up to 230 metres (750 ft).
The submarine had a maximum surface speed of 18.3 knots (33.9 km/h; 21.1 mph) and a maximum submerged speed of 7.3 knots (13.5 km/h; 8.4 mph). When submerged, the boat could operate for 63 nautical miles (117 km; 72 mi) at 4 knots (7.4 km/h; 4.6 mph); when surfaced, she could travel 13,450 nautical miles (24,910 km; 15,480 mi) at 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph). U-522 was fitted with six 53.3 cm (21 in) torpedo tubes (four fitted at the bow and two at the stern), 22 torpedoes, one 10.5 cm (4.13 in) SK C/32 naval gun, 180 rounds, and a 3.7 cm (1.5 in) SK C/30 as well as a 2 cm (0.79 in) C/30 anti-aircraft gun. The boat had a complement of forty-eight.
She opened her account when she damaged the Hartington about 450 nautical miles (830 km; 520 mi) east of Belle Isle (off the main island of Newfoundland) on 2 November 1942. The abandoned Hartington was sunk later that same day by U-521.
U-522 sank the Martima 500 nautical miles (930 km; 580 mi) northeast of St. Johns on the same day as the attack on the Hartington and went on to sink the Parthenonn.
She entered Lorient, on the French Atlantic coast, on 2 December 1942.
2nd patrol and loss
U-522's second foray took her to the mid-Atlantic once again. She sank the Norvik 500 nautical miles (930 km; 580 mi) west of Teneriffe on 9 January 1943. Two days later, she damaged the British Dominion "northeast of the Canary Islands".
U-522 took part in a wolfpack, namely,
- Kreuzotter (8–22 November 1942)
Summary of raiding history
|2 November 1942||Hartington||United Kingdom||5,496||Damaged|
|2 November 1942||Martima||United Kingdom||5,801||Sunk|
|2 November 1942||Mount Pelion||Greece||5,655||Sunk|
|2 November 1942||Parthenonn||Greece||3,189||Sunk|
|18 November 1942||Yaka||United States||5,432||Sunk|
|9 January 1943||Minister Wedel||Norway||6,833||Sunk|
|9 January 1943||Norvik||Panama||10,034||Sunk|
|11 January 1943||British Dominion||United Kingdom||6,983||Damaged|
|23 February 1943||Athelprincess||United Kingdom||8,882||Sunk|
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