German submarine U-532

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History
Nazi Germany
Name: U-532
Ordered: 15 August 1940
Builder: Deutsche Werft, Hamburg
Yard number: 347
Laid down: 7 January 1942
Launched: 26 August 1942
Commissioned: 11 November 1942
Fate: Surrendered, May 1945 at Loch Eriboll in Scotland, then Loch Ryan. Sunk, December 1945
General characteristics
Class and type: Type IXC/40 submarine
Displacement:
  • 1,144 t (1,126 long tons) surfaced
  • 1,257 t (1,237 long tons) submerged
Length:
Beam:
  • 6.86 m (22 ft 6 in) o/a
  • 4.44 m (14 ft 7 in) pressure hull
Height: 9.60 m (31 ft 6 in)
Draught: 4.67 m (15 ft 4 in)
Installed power:
  • 4,400 PS (3,200 kW; 4,300 bhp) (diesels)
  • 1,000 PS (740 kW; 990 shp) (electric)
Propulsion:
Speed:
  • 18.3 knots (33.9 km/h; 21.1 mph) surfaced
  • 7.3 knots (13.5 km/h; 8.4 mph) submerged
Range:
  • 13,850 nmi (25,650 km; 15,940 mi) at 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph) surfaced
  • 63 nmi (117 km; 72 mi) at 4 knots (7.4 km/h; 4.6 mph) submerged
Test depth: 230 m (750 ft)
Complement: 4 officers, 44 enlisted
Armament:
Service record
Part of:
Commanders:
  • Frkpt. Ottoheinrich Junker
  • 11 November 1942 – 10 May 1945
Operations:
  • 1st patrol:
  • 29 March – 15 May 1943
  • 2nd patrol:
  • 3 July – 30 October 1943
  • 3rd patrol:
  • 4 January – 19 April 1944
  • 4th patrol:
  • 13 January – 13 May 1945
Victories:
  • Eight ships sunk, 46,895 GRT;
  • two ships damaged, 13,128 GRT.

German submarine U-532 was a Type IXC U-boat of Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine during World War II.

She was laid down at the Deutsche Werft (yard) in Hamburg as yard number 347 on 7 January 1942, launched on 26 August and commissioned on 11 November with Kapitänleutnant Ottoheinrich Junker in command.

U-532 began her service career with training as part of the 4th U-boat Flotilla from 11 November 1942. She was re-assigned to the 2nd flotilla for operations on 1 April 1943, then the 33rd flotilla on 1 October 1944.

She carried out four patrols, sank eight ships and damaged two others. She was a member of three wolfpacks.

She surrendered in May 1945 at Loch Eriboll in Scotland; she was then transferred to Loch Ryan for Operation Deadlight. She was sunk in December 1945.

Design[edit]

German Type IXC/40 submarines were slightly larger than the original Type IXCs. U-532 had a displacement of 1,144 tonnes (1,126 long tons) when at the surface and 1,257 tonnes (1,237 long tons) while submerged.[1] The U-boat had a total length of 76.76 m (251 ft 10 in), a pressure hull length of 58.75 m (192 ft 9 in), a beam of 6.86 m (22 ft 6 in), a height of 9.60 m (31 ft 6 in), and a draught of 4.67 m (15 ft 4 in). The submarine was powered by two MAN M 9 V 40/46 supercharged four-stroke, nine-cylinder diesel engines producing a total of 4,400 metric horsepower (3,240 kW; 4,340 shp) for use while surfaced, two Siemens-Schuckert 2 GU 345/34 double-acting electric motors producing a total of 1,000 shaft horsepower (1,010 PS; 750 kW) for use while submerged. She had two shafts and two 1.92 m (6 ft) propellers. The boat was capable of operating at depths of up to 230 metres (750 ft).[1]

The submarine had a maximum surface speed of 18.3 knots (33.9 km/h; 21.1 mph) and a maximum submerged speed of 7.3 knots (13.5 km/h; 8.4 mph).[1] When submerged, the boat could operate for 63 nautical miles (117 km; 72 mi) at 4 knots (7.4 km/h; 4.6 mph); when surfaced, she could travel 13,850 nautical miles (25,650 km; 15,940 mi) at 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph). U-532 was fitted with six 53.3 cm (21 in) torpedo tubes (four fitted at the bow and two at the stern), 22 torpedoes, one 10.5 cm (4.13 in) SK C/32 naval gun, 180 rounds, and a 3.7 cm (1.5 in) as well as a 2 cm (0.79 in) anti-aircraft gun. The boat had a complement of forty-eight.[1]

Service history[edit]

1st patrol[edit]

The boat departed Kiel on 25 March 1943, moved through the North Sea, negotiated the gap between Iceland and the Faroe Islands and entered the Atlantic Ocean. There, east of Greenland, she was intercepted by the escorts of Convoy ONS 5 and damaged in a 15-hour engagement.

She entered Lorient, on the French Atlantic coast, on 15 May 1943.

2nd patrol[edit]

Her second foray involved a move to the Far East. Departing Lorient on 3 August 1943, she had rounded Africa by the 27th and entered the Indian Ocean. On 19 September she sank Fort Longueuil southwest of the Chagos Archipelago (south southwest of the Indian mainland).[2] Two Indian crewmen, the only survivors, came ashore on a raft in Sumatra, after spending 134 days adrift; they became prisoners of the Japanese on 1 February 1944.

U-532 went on to sink other ships, such as the Tashina, (using the deck gun), on 1 October 1943, northeast of the Maldive Islands.[3] She also damaged British Purpose south of Mangalore[3] on the 20th. This ship fell out of line in her convoy after being hit; the following vessel in the line, the California Standard, struck her a glancing blow but the damage was slight.

The submarine docked in Penang, in Malaya (now Malaysia), on 30 October 1943. She was in the first wave of u-boats in the newly formed Monsun Gruppe operating out of Japanese-occupied Penang.

3rd patrol[edit]

The pickings continued to be rich; amongst other victims, she sank Tulagi northeast of Cape Comorin in southern India[3] on 27 March 1944. The ship capsized and sank in less than 30 seconds.[4]

U-532 moved from Penang to Singapore in May 1944 and on to Batavia (now Jakarta in Indonesia) in December.

4th patrol[edit]

For her fourth sortie, the boat sank Baron Jedburgh on 10 March 1945 and the Oklahoma on the 28th. She returned to Europe in May following the German capitulation.

Fate[edit]

U-532, a Type IXC/40 submarine. Photographed entering Gladstone Dock, Liverpool after surrender to the Royal Navy.

The submarine docked at Liverpool on 10 May 1945 before moving to Loch Eriboll and to Loch Ryan (both in Scotland) on the 17th, for Operation Deadlight. She was sunk at 56°08′N 10°07′W / 56.133°N 10.117°W / 56.133; -10.117 by a torpedo from the British submarine Tantivy on 9 December 1945.

Summary of raiding history[edit]

Date Name Nationality Tonnage
(GRT)
Fate[4]
19 September 1943 Fort Longueuil  United Kingdom 7,128 Sunk
29 September 1943 Banffshire  United Kingdom 6,749 Sunk
1 October 1943 Tashina  United Kingdom 7,267 Sunk
11 October 1943 Jalabla  British India 3,610 Sunk
20 October 1943 British Purpose  United Kingdom 5,845 Damaged
11 January 1944 Triona  United Kingdom 7,283 Damaged
26 January 1944 Walter Camp  United States 7,176 Sunk
27 March 1944 Tulagi  United Kingdom 2,281 Sunk
10 March 1945 Baron Jedburgh  United Kingdom 3,656 Sunk
28 March 1945 Oklahoma  United States 9,298 Sunk

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Gröner 1991, p. 68.
  2. ^ The Times Atlas of the World - Third edition, revised 1995, ISBN 0 7230 0809 4, p. 36
  3. ^ a b c The Times Atlas of the World, p 39
  4. ^ a b Helgason, Guðmundur. "Ships hit by U-532". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 30 January 2014. 

Bibliography[edit]

  • Busch, Rainer; Röll, Hans-Joachim (1999). Deutsche U-Boot-Verluste von September 1939 bis Mai 1945. Der U-Boot-Krieg (in German). IV. Hamburg, Berlin, Bonn: Mittler. ISBN 3-8132-0514-2. 
  • Gröner, Erich; Jung, Dieter; Maass, Martin (1991). U-boats and Mine Warfare Vessels. German Warships 1815–1945. 2. Translated by Thomas, Keith; Magowan, Rachel. London: Conway Maritime Press. ISBN 0-85177-593-4. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 56°08′N 10°07′W / 56.133°N 10.117°W / 56.133; -10.117