German submarine U-597

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Career (Nazi Germany)
Name: U-597
Ordered: 16 January 1940
Builder: Blohm & Voss, Hamburg
Yard number: 573
Laid down: 13 January 1941
Launched: 1 October 1941
Commissioned: 20 November 1941
Fate: Sunk southwest of Iceland by a British aircraft, October 1942[1]
General characteristics [2]
Class and type: Type VIIC submarine
Displacement: 769 tonnes (757 long tons) surfaced
871 t (857 long tons) submerged
Length: 67.1 m (220 ft 2 in) o/a
50.5 m (165 ft 8 in) pressure hull
Beam: 6.2 m (20 ft 4 in) o/a
4.7 m (15 ft 5 in) pressure hull
Height: 9.6 m (31 ft 6 in)
Draft: 4.74 m (15 ft 7 in)
Propulsion: 2 × supercharged Germaniawerft 6-cylinder 4-stroke F46 diesel engines, totalling 2,800–3,200 PS (2,800–3,200 bhp; 2,100–2,400 kW). Max rpm: 470-490
2 × electric motors, totalling 750 PS (740 shp; 550 kW) and max rpm: 296.
Speed: 17.7 knots (32.8 km/h; 20.4 mph) surfaced
7.6 knots (14.1 km/h; 8.7 mph) submerged
Range: 8,500 nmi (15,700 km; 9,800 mi) at 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph) surfaced
80 nmi (150 km; 92 mi) at 4 knots (7.4 km/h; 4.6 mph) submerged
Test depth: 230 m (750 ft)
Crush depth: 250–295 m (820–968 ft)
Complement: 44–52 officers and ratings
Armament:
Service record[3]
Part of: 8th U-boat Flotilla
(20 November 1941–30 June 1942)
1st U-boat Flotilla
(1 July–12 October 1942)
Commanders: K.Kapt. Eberhard Bobst
(20 November 1941–12 October 1942)
Operations: 1st patrol:
27 June–16 August 1942
2nd patrol:
16 September–12 October 1942
Victories: None

German submarine U-597 was a Type VIIC U-boat of Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine during World War II.

She was a member of eight wolfpacks, carried out two patrols but sank no ships.

She was sunk southwest of Iceland by a British aircraft, in October 1942.

Service history[edit]

The submarine was laid down on 13 January 1941 at Blohm & Voss, Hamburg as yard number 573, launched on 1 October and commissioned on 20 November under the command of Kapitänleutnant Eberhard Bopst.

She served with the 8th U-boat Flotilla from 20 November 1941 for training and the 1st flotilla from 1 July 1942 for operations.

1st patrol[edit]

U-597 departed Kiel on 12 October 1942 and headed for the Atlantic Ocean. Her route took her through the gap between Iceland and the Faroe Islands toward Newfoundland[4]

She arrived in Brest in occupied France on 16 August.

2nd patrol and loss[edit]

She departed Brest on 16 September and was sunk less than a month later on 12 October by depth charges dropped by a British B-24 Liberator of No. 120 Squadron RAF piloted by Squadron Leader Terry Bulloch.[5]

Forty-nine men died in U-597; there were no survivors.

Wolfpacks[edit]

U-597 took part in eight wolfpacks, namely.

  • Wolf (13–30 July 1942)
  • Pirat (30 July - 3 August 1942)
  • Steinbrinck (3–11 August 1942)
  • Blitz (22–26 September 1942)
  • Tiger (26–30 September 1942)
  • Luchs (1–6 October 1942)
  • Panther (6–12 October 1942)
  • Leopard (12 October 1942)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kemp 1997, p. 92.
  2. ^ Gröner 1985, pp. 72-74.
  3. ^ Helgason, Guðmundur. "The Type VIIC boat U-597". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 14 October 2012. 
  4. ^ The Times Atlas of the World - Third edition, revised 1995, ISBN 0 7230 0809 4, p. 55
  5. ^ "Squadron Leader Terry Bulloch - obituary". Daily Telegraph. 23 Nov 2014. Retrieved 23 Nov 2014. 

Bibliography[edit]

  • Busch, Rainer; Röll, Hans-Joachim (1999). Deutsche U-Boot-Verluste von September 1939 bis Mai 1945. Der U-Boot-Krieg (in German) IV (Hamburg, Berlin, Bonn: Mittler). ISBN 3-8132-0514-2. 
  • Gröner, Erich (1985). U-Boote, Hilfskreuzer, Minenschiffe, Netzleger, Sperrbrecher. Die deutschen Kriegsschiffe 1815–1945 (in German) III (Koblenz: Bernard & Graefe). ISBN 3-7637-4802-4. 
  • Edwards, Bernard (1996). Dönitz and the Wolf Packs - The U-boats at War. Cassell Military Classics. p. 91. ISBN 0-304-35203-9. 
  • Kemp, Paul (1997). U-Boats Destroyed - German Submarine Losses in the World Wars. Arms & Armour. ISBN 1-85409-515-3. 

External links[edit]