German submarine U-618

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Career (Nazi Germany)
Name: U-618
Ordered: 15 August 1940
Builder: Blohm & Voss, Hamburg
Yard number: 594
Laid down: 29 May 1941
Launched: 20 February 1942
Commissioned: 16 April 1942
Fate: Sunk 14 August 1944 in the North Atlantic in position 47°22′N 04°39′W / 47.367°N 4.650°W / 47.367; -4.650, by depth charges from HMS Duckworth, HMS Essington and RAF Liberator.
General characteristics [1]
Class and type: Type VIIC submarine
Displacement: 769 tonnes (757 long tons) surfaced
871 t (857 long tons) submerged
Length: 67.1 m (220 ft 2 in) o/a
50.5 m (165 ft 8 in) pressure hull
Beam: 6.2 m (20 ft 4 in) o/a
4.7 m (15 ft 5 in) pressure hull
Height: 9.6 m (31 ft 6 in)
Draft: 4.74 m (15 ft 7 in)
Propulsion: 2 × supercharged Germaniawerft 6-cylinder 4-stroke F46 diesel engines, totalling 2,800–3,200 PS (2,800–3,200 bhp; 2,100–2,400 kW). Max rpm: 470-490
2 × BBC GG UB 720/8 electric motors, totalling 750 PS (740 shp; 550 kW) and max rpm: 296
Speed: 17.7 knots (32.8 km/h; 20.4 mph) surfaced
7.6 knots (14.1 km/h; 8.7 mph) submerged
Range: 8,500 nmi (15,700 km; 9,800 mi) at 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph) surfaced
80 nmi (150 km; 92 mi) at 4 knots (7.4 km/h; 4.6 mph) submerged
Test depth: 230 m (750 ft)
Crush depth: 250–295 m (820–968 ft)
Complement: 44–52 officers & ratings
Armament:
Service record[2]
Part of: 5th U-boat Flotilla
(16 April - 31 August 1942) - Training
7th U-boat Flotilla
(1 September 1942 - 14 August 1944)
Commanders: Oblt.z.S. Kurt Baberg
(16 April 1942 - 15 April 1944)
Oblt.z.S. Erich Faust
(16 April - 14 August 1944)
Operations: 1st patrol:
1 September - 28 October 1942
2nd patrol:
25 November 1942 - 18 January 1943
3rd patrol:
21 February - 7 May 1943
4th patrol:
8 June - 5 September 1943
5th patrol:
11 November 1943 - 4 January 1944
6th patrol:
23 February - 8 April 1944
7th patrol:
25 May 1944
8th patrol:
26–30 July 1944
9th patrol:
2–4 August 1944
10th patrol:
11–14 August 1944
Victories: 3 merchant ships sunk (15,788 GRT)

German submarine U-618 was a Type VIIC U-boat built for Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine for service during World War II. She was laid down on 29 May 1941 by Blohm & Voss, Hamburg as yard number 594, launched on 20 February 1942 and commissioned on 16 April 1942 under Oberleutnant zur See Kurt Baberg.

Service History[edit]

The boat's career began with training at 5th U-boat Flotilla on 16 April 1942, followed by active service on 1 September 1942 as part of the 7th Flotilla for the remainder of her service.

In ten patrols she sank three merchant ships, for a total of 15,788 gross register tons (GRT).

Wolfpacks[edit]

U-618 took part in 18 wolfpacks, namely

  • Pfeil (12–22 September 1942)
  • Blitz (22–26 September 1942)
  • Tiger (26–30 September 1942)
  • Wotan (5–19 October 1942)
  • Neuland (4–6 March 1943)
  • Ostmark (6–11 March 1943)
  • Stürmer (11–20 March 1943)
  • Seewolf (21–30 March 1943)
  • Adler (11–13 April 1943)
  • Meise (13–20 April 1943)
  • Specht (21–25 April 1943)
  • Schill 3 (18–22 November 1943)
  • Weddigen (22 November-7 December 1943)
  • Coronel (7–8 December 1943)
  • Coronel 2 (8–14 December 1943)
  • Coronel 3 (14–17 December 1943)
  • Borkum (18–26 December 1943)
  • Hela (28 December 1943 - 1 January 1944)

1943[edit]

On 20 November 1943, U-618 shot down a RAF Liberator bomber of 53 Squadron near to Convoy SL 139.

1944[edit]

On 19 March 1944, U-618, while trying to enter the Mediterranean Sea, sustained a week log sustained Allied attack from both aircraft and surface ships before being forced to return to France with heavy battle damage.

On 6 April 1944, U-618 was attacked by a RCAF Liberator bomber. She was able to return fire and damage the aircraft sufficiently that the air attack was broken off.

On 30 July 1944, U-618 shot down a RAF Wellington bomber in the Bay of Biscay. All six of the aircrew were killed when the bomber crashed into the sea.

Fate[edit]

U-618 was sunk on 14 August 1944 in the North Atlantic in position 47°22′N 04°39′W / 47.367°N 4.650°W / 47.367; -4.650Coordinates: 47°22′N 04°39′W / 47.367°N 4.650°W / 47.367; -4.650, by depth charges from HMS Duckworth, HMS Essington and RAF Liberator. All hands were lost.

Summary of raiding career[edit]

Date Name Nationality Tonnage
(GRT)
Fate[3]
14 October 1942 Empire Mersey  United Kingdom 5,791 Sunk
18 October 1942 Angelina  United States 4,772 Sunk
2 July 1943 Empire Kohinoor  United Kingdom 5,225 Sunk

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gröner 1985, pp. 72-74.
  2. ^ Helgason, Guðmundur. "The Type VIIC boat U-618". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 11 July 2014. 
  3. ^ Helgason, Guðmundur. "Ships hit by U-618". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 11 July 2014. 

Bibliography[edit]

  • Busch, Rainer; Röll, Hans-Joachim (1999). Deutsche U-Boot-Verluste von September 1939 bis Mai 1945. Der U-Boot-Krieg (in German) IV (Hamburg, Berlin, Bonn: Mittler). ISBN 3-8132-0514-2. 
  • Gröner, Erich (1985). U-Boote, Hilfskreuzer, Minenschiffe, Netzleger, Sperrbrecher. Die deutschen Kriegsschiffe 1815-1945 (in German) III (Koblenz: Bernard & Graefe). ISBN 3-7637-4802-4. 
  • Sharpe, Peter (1998). U-Boat Fact File. Great Britain: Midland Publishing. ISBN 1-85780-072-9. 

External links[edit]