German submarine U-705
|Ordered:||9 October 1939|
|Builder:||HC Stülcken & Sohn, Hamburg|
|Laid down:||11 October 1940|
|Launched:||13 October 1941|
|Commissioned:||30 December 1941|
|Status:||Sunk, September 1942|
|Class and type:||Type VIIC submarine|
|Height:||9.60 m (31 ft 6 in)|
|Draught:||4.74 m (15 ft 7 in)|
|Complement:||4 officers, 40–56 enlisted|
|Operations:||1 August – 3 September 1942|
|Victories:||1 merchant ship sunk (3,279 GRT)|
Commissioned on 30 December 1941, she served with the 5th U-boat Flotilla until 31 July as a training boat, and as a front boat of 6th U-boat Flotilla under the command of Kapitänleutnant Karl-Horst Horn, until her sinking on 3 September 1942.
German Type VIIC submarines were preceded by the shorter Type VIIB submarines. U-705 had a displacement of 769 tonnes (757 long tons) when at the surface and 871 tonnes (857 long tons) while submerged. She had a total length of 67.10 m (220 ft 2 in), a pressure hull length of 50.50 m (165 ft 8 in), a beam of 6.20 m (20 ft 4 in), a height of 9.60 m (31 ft 6 in), and a draught of 4.74 m (15 ft 7 in). The submarine was powered by two Germaniawerft F46 four-stroke, six-cylinder supercharged diesel engines producing a total of 2,800 to 3,200 metric horsepower (2,060 to 2,350 kW; 2,760 to 3,160 shp) for use while surfaced, two AEG GU 460/8–27 double-acting electric motors producing a total of 750 metric horsepower (550 kW; 740 shp) for use while submerged. She had two shafts and two 1.23 m (4 ft) propellers. The boat was capable of operating at depths of up to 230 metres (750 ft).
The submarine had a maximum surface speed of 17.7 knots (32.8 km/h; 20.4 mph) and a maximum submerged speed of 7.6 knots (14.1 km/h; 8.7 mph). When submerged, the boat could operate for 80 nautical miles (150 km; 92 mi) at 4 knots (7.4 km/h; 4.6 mph); when surfaced, she could travel 8,500 nautical miles (15,700 km; 9,800 mi) at 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph). U-705 was fitted with five 53.3 cm (21 in) torpedo tubes (four fitted at the bow and one at the stern), fourteen torpedoes, one 8.8 cm (3.46 in) SK C/35 naval gun, 220 rounds, and an anti-aircraft gun. The boat had a complement of between forty-four and sixty.
Departing on her first and only patrol on 1 August 1942, U-705 left Kiel to encircle the British isles and turn back after crossing more than half of the Atlantic. On 15 August while driving some 550 nautical miles (1,020 km) south-east of Iceland, she caught sight of a number of vessels; Convoy SC 95, and the merchant ship Balladier.
Diving after first being seen, she would stay submerged for nearly four hours before firing a torpedo at the starboard side of the Balladier. Listing to the starboard side, the armed guards were unable to return fire on U-705, with the ship sinking after seven minutes.
On 24 August, the Norwegian corvette HNoMS Potentilla and HMS Viscount of convoy ON 122 located U-705. Dropping five depth charges from the Viscount, along with a further ten from the Potentilla, the two were unable to cause damage to the boat. A further fifty-seven charges would be dropped at her and U-135, finally damaging her stern torpedo tube.
U-705 took part in one wolfpack, namely.
- Lohs (11–26 August 1942)
Summary of raiding history
|Date||Ship Name||Nationality||Tonnage (GRT)||Fate|
|15 August 1942||Balladier||United States||3,279||Sunk|
- Helgason, Guðmundur. "The Type VIIC boat U-705". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 2010-03-12.
- Gröner 1991, pp. 43-46.
- Helgason, Guðmundur. "Balladier article". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 2010-03-16.
- Blair, Clay (1996). The Hunters 1939-1942. Hitler's U-Boat War. 1. Random House. p. 662&663. ISBN 0-394-58839-8.
- Helgason, Guðmundur. "Ships hit by U-705". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 9 February 2014.
- Busch, Rainer; Röll, Hans-Joachim (1999). German U-boat commanders of World War II : a biographical dictionary. Translated by Brooks, Geoffrey. London, Annapolis, Md: Greenhill Books, Naval Institute Press. ISBN 1-55750-186-6.
- Busch, Rainer; Röll, Hans-Joachim (1999). Deutsche U-Boot-Verluste von September 1939 bis Mai 1945 [German U-boat losses from September 1939 to May 1945]. Der U-Boot-Krieg (in German). IV. Hamburg, Berlin, Bonn: Mittler. ISBN 3-8132-0514-2.
- Gröner, Erich; Jung, Dieter; Maass, Martin (1991). U-boats and Mine Warfare Vessels. German Warships 1815–1945. 2. Translated by Thomas, Keith; Magowan, Rachel. London: Conway Maritime Press. ISBN 0-85177-593-4.
- Helgason, Guðmundur. "The Type VIIC boat U-705". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 29 December 2014.