German submarine U-714

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Career (Nazi Germany)
Name: U-714
Ordered: 7 December 1940
Builder: HC Stülcken & Sohn, Hamburg
Laid down: 29 December 1941
Launched: 13 November 1942
Commissioned: 10 February 1943
Fate: Sunk 14 March 1945 near Eyemouth, Firth of Forth. 50 dead.
General characteristics [1]
Class and type: Type VIIC submarine
Displacement: 769 tonnes (757 long tons) surfaced
871 t (857 long tons) submerged
Length: 67.1 m (220 ft 2 in) o/a
50.5 m (165 ft 8 in) pressure hull
Beam: 6.2 m (20 ft 4 in) o/a
4.7 m (15 ft 5 in) pressure hull
Height: 9.6 m (31 ft 6 in)
Draft: 4.74 m (15 ft 7 in)
Propulsion: 2 × supercharged Germaniawerft 6-cylinder 4-stroke F46 diesel engines, totalling 2,800–3,200 bhp (2,100–2,400 kW). Max rpm: 470-490
2 × GL RP 137/c electric motors, totalling 750 shp (560 kW) and max rpm: 296
Speed: 17.7 knots (32.8 km/h; 20.4 mph) surfaced
7.6 knots (14.1 km/h; 8.7 mph) submerged
Range: 8,500 nmi (15,700 km; 9,800 mi) at 10 kn (19 km/h; 12 mph) surfaced
80 nmi (150 km; 92 mi) at 4 kn (7.4 km/h; 4.6 mph) submerged
Test depth: 230 m (750 ft)
Crush depth: 250–295 m (820–968 ft)
Complement: 44–52 officers & ratings
Armament:
Service record
Part of: 5th U-boat Flotilla
(10 February - 31 July 1943) - Training
7th U-boat Flotilla
(1 August 1943 - 10 November 1944)
33rd U-boat Flotilla
(11 November 1944 - 14 March 1945)
Commanders: Kptlt. Hans-Joachim Schwebcke
(10 February 1943 - 14 March 1945)
Operations: 1st patrol:
13 October - 2 December 1943
2nd patrol:
11–15 January 1944
3rd patrol:
6–15 June 1944
4th patrol:
27 August - 20 October 1944
5th patrol:
23–28 October 1944
6th patrol:
3–14 March 1945
Victories: 1 ship sunk; 1 auxiliary ship sunk

German submarine U-714 was a Type VIIC U-boat Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine built for service during World War II. She was laid down on 29 December 1941 by HC Stulcken at Hamburg and commissioned on 10 February 1943. She was commanded throughout her career by Hans-Joachim Schwebcke.

Fate[edit]

She was sunk 14 March 1945 near Eyemouth in the Firth of Forth at position 55°57′N 01°57′W / 55.950°N 1.950°W / 55.950; -1.950 by depth charges from the South African frigate HMSAS Natal. HMS Wivern was granted a share of the credit for this kill as well. She had a complement of 50 crew, and when she sank, all of her crew died.

The wreck was identified in 2007 by nautical archaeologist Innes McCartney. She was designated as a protected place under the Protection of Military Remains Act 1986 in 2008.

Wolfpacks[edit]

U-714 took part in six wolfpacks, namely.

  • Körner (30 October - 2 November 1943)
  • Tirpitz 1 (2–8 November 1943)
  • Eisenhart 2 (9–15 November 1943)
  • Schill 3 (18–22 November 1943)
  • Weddigen (22–30 November 1943)
  • Igel 1 (3–17 February 1944)

Summary of Raiding Career[edit]

Date Ship Name Nationality Tonnage (GRT) Fate[2]
10 March 1945 HNoMS Nordhav II  Royal Norwegian Navy 425 Sunk
14 March 1945 Magne  Sweden 1,226 Sunk

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gröner 1985, pp. 72-74.
  2. ^ Helgason, Guðmundur. "Ships hit by U-714". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 10 February 2014. 

Bibliography[edit]

  • Busch, Rainer; Röll, Hans-Joachim (1999). Deutsche U-Boot-Verluste von September 1939 bis Mai 1945. Der U-Boot-Krieg (in German) IV (Hamburg, Berlin, Bonn: Mittler). ISBN 3-8132-0514-2. 
  • Gröner, Erich (1985). U-Boote, Hilfskreuzer, Minenschiffe, Netzleger, Sperrbrecher. Die deutschen Kriegsschiffe 1815-1945 (in German) III (Koblenz: Bernard & Graefe). ISBN 3-7637-4802-4. 
  • Innes McCartney (2002). Lost Patrols: Submarine Wrecks of the English Channel. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 55°34′N 1°34′W / 55.57°N 01.57°W / 55.57; -01.57