German submarine U-95 (1940)

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For other ships with the same name, see German submarine U-95.
History
Nazi Germany
Name: U-95
Ordered: 30 May 1938
Builder: Germaniawerft, Kiel
Yard number: 600
Laid down: 16 September 1939
Launched: 18 July 1940
Commissioned: 31 August 1940
Fate: Sunk by a Dutch submarine on 28 November 1941 in the Mediterranean Sea
General characteristics
Class and type: Type VIIC submarine
Displacement:
  • 769 tonnes (757 long tons) surfaced
  • 871 t (857 long tons) submerged
Length:
Beam:
  • 6.20 m (20 ft 4 in) o/a
  • 4.70 m (15 ft 5 in) pressure hull
Height: 9.60 m (31 ft 6 in)
Draught: 4.74 m (15 ft 7 in)
Installed power:
  • 2,800–3,200 PS (2,100–2,400 kW; 2,800–3,200 bhp) (diesels)
  • 750 PS (550 kW; 740 shp) (electric)
Propulsion:
Range:
  • 8,500 nmi (15,700 km; 9,800 mi) at 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph) surfaced
  • 80 nmi (150 km; 92 mi) at 4 knots (7.4 km/h; 4.6 mph) submerged
Test depth:
  • 230 m (750 ft)
  • Crush depth: 250–295 m (820–968 ft)
Complement: 4 officers, 40–56 enlisted
Armament:
Service record
Part of:
Identification codes: M 07 970
Commanders:
  • Kptlt. Gerd Schreiber
  • 31 August 1940 – 28 November 1941
Operations:
  • Seven
  • 1st patrol: 20 November – 6 December 1940
  • 2nd patrol: 16 December 1940 – 14 January 1941
  • 3rd patrol: 16 February – 19 March 1941
  • 4th patrol: 12 April – 13 May 1941
  • 5th patrol: 30 June – 31 July 1941
  • 6th patrol: 21 August – 20 September 1941
  • 7th patrol: 19–28 November 1941
Victories:
  • Eight ships sunk; 28,415 GRT;
  • four ships damaged - 27,916 GRT

German submarine U-95 was a Type VIIC U-boat of Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine during World War II. She was laid down on 16 September 1939 by Germaniawerft at Kiel as yard number 600 and commissioned on 31 August 1940. In seven patrols, she sank eight ships for a total of 28,415 gross register tons (GRT) and damaged four other vessels for a total of 27,916 GRT.

U-95 was sunk by a torpedo from the Dutch submarine HNLMS O 21 on 28 November 1941 in the Mediterranean Sea.

Design[edit]

German Type VIIC submarines were preceded by the shorter Type VIIB submarines. U-95 had a displacement of 769 tonnes (757 long tons) when at the surface and 871 tonnes (857 long tons) while submerged.[1] She had a total length of 67.10 m (220 ft 2 in), a pressure hull length of 50.50 m (165 ft 8 in), a beam of 6.20 m (20 ft 4 in), a height of 9.60 m (31 ft 6 in), and a draught of 4.74 m (15 ft 7 in). The submarine was powered by two Germaniawerft F46 four-stroke, six-cylinder supercharged diesel engines producing a total of 2,800 to 3,200 metric horsepower (2,060 to 2,350 kW; 2,760 to 3,160 shp) for use while surfaced, two AEG GU 460/8–27 double-acting electric motors producing a total of 750 metric horsepower (550 kW; 740 shp) for use while submerged. She had two shafts and two 1.23 m (4 ft) propellers. The boat was capable of operating at depths of up to 230 metres (750 ft).[1]

The submarine had a maximum surface speed of 17.7 knots (32.8 km/h; 20.4 mph) and a maximum submerged speed of 7.6 knots (14.1 km/h; 8.7 mph).[1] When submerged, the boat could operate for 80 nautical miles (150 km; 92 mi) at 4 knots (7.4 km/h; 4.6 mph); when surfaced, she could travel 8,500 nautical miles (15,700 km; 9,800 mi) at 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph). U-95 was fitted with five 53.3 cm (21 in) torpedo tubes (four fitted at the bow and one at the stern), fourteen torpedoes, one 8.8 cm (3.46 in) SK C/35 naval gun, 220 rounds, and an anti-aircraft gun. The boat had a complement of between forty-four and sixty.[1]

Service history[edit]

U-95 was a member of two wolfpacks.

1st patrol[edit]

The boat left Kiel for her first patrol on 20 November 1940. She entered the Northern Atlantic Ocean and damaged Ringhorn on the 28th with her deck gun, having missed with two torpedoes. The merchantman was hit in the funnel and near the bridge, but the action could not be brought to a successful conclusion because of weather conditions. The Germans, believing the ship would sink, left the area but the crew re-boarded her and sailed to Belfast Lough.

U-95 also damaged Conch on 2 December. This ship had already been hit by U-47 about 370 nautical miles (690 km; 430 mi) west of Bloody Foreland (Ireland). The boat fired four torpedoes, one of which struck the vessel. She was eventually sunk by U-99.

The submarine headed for her new French Atlantic base, arriving at Lorient on 6 December.

2nd patrol[edit]

U-95 continued the business of damaging ships when she attacked, but did not sink, Walotira 124 nautical miles (230 km; 143 mi) northwest of Rockall on 26 December 1940. This vessel met her end due to the actions of U-99 on the 27th.

3rd patrol[edit]

The boat left Lorient on 16 February 1941 for her third sortie. She sank Cape Nelson and Temple Moat south of Iceland on the 24th.

When Pacific went down on 2 March north of Rockall, there was only one survivor. The destruction of the neutral Murjek was even more bloody. She went to the bottom with all hands on the 5th.

U-95 returned to France, but to St. Nazaire on 19 March.

4th patrol[edit]

The boat maintained her success on her fourth patrol, sinking Taranger 150 nautical miles (280 km; 170 mi) southwest of Reykavik in Iceland on 3 May 1941.

5th patrol[edit]

For her fifth patrol, U-95 damaged Palma west southwest of Bantry Bay (Ireland)[2] on 20 July 1941. One hit with her deck gun was reported when three rounds had struck their target.

6th patrol[edit]

U-95's only kill on her sixth foray was Trinidad. The relatively small ship was sunk with 37 rounds from the boat's deck gun due west of La Rochelle on 6 September 1941.

7th patrol and loss[edit]

The submarine successfully forced the heavily defended Strait of Gibraltar and entered the Mediterranean Sea. She was sunk by a torpedo from the Dutch submarine O 21 southwest of Almeria in Spain on 28 November 1941.

35 men died with the U-boat; there were 12 survivors.

Wolfpacks[edit]

U-95 took part in two wolfpacks, namely.

  • Bosemüller (28 August - 2 September 1941)
  • Seewolf (2–14 September 1941)

Summary of raiding history[edit]

Date Name Nationality Tonnage
(GRT)
Fate[3]
27 November 1940 Irene Maria  United Kingdom 1,862 Sunk
28 November 1940 Ringhorn  Norway 1,298 Damaged
2 December 1940 Conch  United Kingdom 8,376 Damaged
26 December 1940 Waiotira  United Kingdom 12,823 Damaged
24 February 1941 Cape Nelson  United Kingdom 3,807 Sunk
24 February 1941 Svein Jarl  Norway 1,908 Sunk
24 February 1941 Temple Moat  United Kingdom 4,427 Sunk
2 March 1941 Pacific  United Kingdom 6,034 Sunk
5 March 1941 Mursjek  Sweden 5,070 Sunk
3 May 1941 Taranger  United Kingdom 4,873 Sunk
20 July 1941 Palma  United Kingdom 5,419 Damaged
6 September 1941 Trinidad  Panama 434 Sunk

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Gröner 1991, pp. 43-46.
  2. ^ The Times Atlas of the World - Third edition, revised 1995, ISBN 0 7230 0809 4, p. 9
  3. ^ Helgason, Guðmundur. "Ships hit by U-95". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 26 December 2014. 

Bibliography[edit]

  • Busch, Rainer; Röll, Hans-Joachim (1999). Deutsche U-Boot-Verluste von September 1939 bis Mai 1945. Der U-Boot-Krieg (in German). IV. Hamburg, Berlin, Bonn: Mittler. ISBN 3-8132-0514-2. 
  • Gröner, Erich; Jung, Dieter; Maass, Martin (1991). U-boats and Mine Warfare Vessels. German Warships 1815–1945. 2. Translated by Thomas, Keith; Magowan, Rachel. London: Conway Maritime Press. ISBN 0-85177-593-4. 

External links[edit]

  • Helgason, Guðmundur. "The Type VIIC boat U-95". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 26 December 2014. 
  • Hofmann, Markus. "U 95". Deutsche U-Boote 1935-1945 - u-boot-archiv.de (in German). Retrieved 26 December 2014. 

Coordinates: 36°24′N 3°20′W / 36.400°N 3.333°W / 36.400; -3.333