German submarine U-9 (1935)
U-9 in 1936, note the submarine's number on the hull which was painted out in wartime
|Career (Nazi Germany)|
|Ordered:||20 July 1934|
|Laid down:||8 April 1935|
|Launched:||30 July 1935|
|Commissioned:||21 August 1935|
|Fate:||Sunk 24 August 1944 at Konstanza, Black Sea in a Soviet air raid|
|General characteristics |
|Class and type:||IIA|
|Displacement:||279 t (275 long tons) surfaced
328 t (323 long tons) submerged
|Length:||42.70 m (140 ft 1 in)|
|Beam:||4.08 m (13 ft 5 in)|
|Draft:||3.90 m (12 ft 10 in)|
|Propulsion:||2 × propeller shafts
2 × MWM four-stroke diesel engines, 700 shp (520 kW)
2 × Siemens-Schuckert electric motor, 360 shp (270 kW)
|Speed:||13 knots (24 km/h; 15 mph) surfaced
6.9 knots (12.8 km/h; 7.9 mph) submerged
|Range:||1,050 nautical miles (1,940 km; 1,210 mi) at 12 knots (22 km/h; 14 mph) surfaced
35 nmi (65 km; 40 mi) at 4 knots (7.4 km/h; 4.6 mph) submerged
|Test depth:||80 m (260 ft)|
|Complement:||3 officers, 22 men|
1st U-boat Flotilla
21st U-boat Flotilla
24th U-boat Flotilla
30th U-boat Flotilla
|Identification codes:||M 13 068|
|Victories:||Seven ships sunk for a total of 16,669 gross register tons (GRT)
One warship of 552 tons sunk
One warship of 412 tons damaged
The German submarine U-9 was a Type IIB U-boat of Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine. Her keel was laid down on 8 February 1935, by Germaniawerft in Kiel as yard number 543. She was launched on 30 July 1935 and commissioned on 21 August, with Korvettenkapitän Hans-Günther Looff in command.
U-9 conducted 19 patrols under a series of commanders, including U-boat ace Wolfgang Lüth, sinking eight ships totalling 17,221 tons and damaging another displacing 412 tons. This included the French Sirène class coastal submarine Doris.
To serve in the 30th U-boat Flotilla, the submarine was transported overland and along the Danube to the Black Sea. At 10:30hrs on 20 August 1944, at Konstanza in Rumania in position Coordinates: , U-9 was sunk by bombs from Soviet aircraft. The Soviets raised the boat and brought her into Mykolaiv in 1945. She was repaired and commissioned into the Soviet Navy as TS-16, but did not perform well and was broken up on 12 December 1946.
Summary of raiding career
|18 January 1940||Flandria||Sweden||1,179||Sunk|
|19 January 1940||Patria||Sweden||1,188||Sunk|
|11 February 1940||Linda||Estonia||1,213||Sunk|
|4 May 1940||San Tiburcio||United Kingdom||5,995||Sunk (mine)|
|9 May 1940||Doris||French Navy||552||Sunk|
|11 May 1940||Tringa||United Kingdom||1,930||Sunk|
|11 May 1940||Viiu||Estonia||1,908||Sunk|
|23 May 1940||Sigurd Faulbaum||Belgium||3,256||Sunk|
|11 May 1944||Shtorm||Soviet Union||412||Damaged|
- Busch, Rainer; Röll, Hans-Joachim (1999). Deutsche U-Boot-Verluste von September 1939 bis Mai 1945. Der U-Boot-Krieg (in German) IV (Hamburg, Berlin, Bonn: Mittler). ISBN 3-8132-0514-2.
- Gröner, Erich (1985). U-Boote, Hilfskreuzer, Minenschiffe, Netzleger, Sperrbrecher. Die deutschen Kriegsschiffe 1815-1945 (in German) III (Koblenz: Bernard & Graefe). ISBN 3-7637-4802-4.
- Sharpe, Peter (1998). U-Boat Fact File. Great Britain: Midland Publishing. ISBN 1-85780-072-9.
- Helgason, Guðmundur. "The Type IIB boat U-9". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 6 December 2014.
- ubootwaffe.net webpage for U-9[dead link]