German submarine U-D3

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History
Nazi Germany
Name: U-D3
Builder: Wilton-Fijenoord, Rotterdam
Laid down: 10 April 1939
Launched: 1 May 1940
Commissioned: 8 June 1941
Decommissioned: 13 October 1944
Fate: Scuttled 3 May 1945
General characteristics [1]
Class and type: O 21-class submarine
Displacement:
  • 990 tons surfaced
  • 1205 tons submerged
Length: 77.70 m (254 ft 11 in)
Beam: 6.80 m (22 ft 4 in)
Draught: 3.95 m (13 ft 0 in)
Propulsion:
Range:
  • 10,000 nmi (19,000 km; 12,000 mi) at 12 knots (22 km/h; 14 mph) surfaced
  • 28 nmi (52 km; 32 mi) at 8.5 knots (15.7 km/h; 9.8 mph) submerged
Complement: 39
Armament:
  • 4 × 21 in (533 mm) bow torpedo tubes
  • 2 × 21 in stern torpedo tubes
  • 2 × 21 in (1×2) external-traversing TT amidships

U-D3 was an O 21-class submarine. The boat was laid down as the Dutch submarine K XXV and renamed O 25 but was captured during the German invasion of the Netherlands in World War II and commissioned in the Kriegsmarine.

Ship history[edit]

The submarine was ordered on 28 June 1938 and laid down on 10 April 1939 as K XXV at the Wilton-Fijenoord, Rotterdam. During construction she was renamed O 25, and was finally launched on 1 May 1940. Following the German invasion of 10 May 1940, O 25 was scuttled in the Nieuwe Waterweg near Rotterdam because there was no tugboat available to tow her to the United Kingdom.[2]

The boat was raised by the Germans and it was decided to repair and complete her. She served in the Kriegsmarine as U-D3 and was commissioned on 8 June 1941.[2]

From June to July 1941 U-D3 served as a trial boat in Kiel while attached to the 3rd Flotilla. In June she was transferred to the 5th Flotilla also in Kiel where she was used as a school boat. She remained there until August that year. From August 1941 until September 1942 the boat was stationed at Lorient in occupied France and attached to the 2nd Flotilla. In October 1942 she was transferred to 10th Flotilla also in Lorient where she served until February 1943.[2]

When patrolling off the west coast of Africa U-D3 spotted and sank the 5,041 GRT Norwegian freighter Indra on 26 November 1942.[2]

In March 1943 the boat was transferred to Bergen in occupied Norway and attached to the U-boot Abwehr Schule to be used as school boat until October 1944.[2] 13 October 1944 U-D3 was decommissioned after being damaged in an air raid on Kiel. On 3 May 1945 the boat was scuttled.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Dutch Submarines: The O 21 submarine class". dutchsubmarines.com. 2012. Retrieved 28 July 2013. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f "Dutch Submarines: The submarine O 25". dutchsubmarines.com. 2012. Retrieved 28 July 2013. 

Bibliography[edit]

  • Busch, Rainer; Röll, Hans-Joachim (1999). German U-boat commanders of World War II : a biographical dictionary. Translated by Brooks, Geoffrey. London, Annapolis, Md: Greenhill Books, Naval Institute Press. ISBN 1-55750-186-6. 
  • Gröner, Erich; Jung, Dieter; Maass, Martin (1991). U-boats and Mine Warfare Vessels. German Warships 1815–1945. 2. Translated by Thomas, Keith; Magowan, Rachel. London: Conway Maritime Press. ISBN 0-85177-593-4.