Germanium monosulfide

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Germanium monosulfide
Systematic IUPAC name
Germanium(II) sulfide
Related compounds
Related compounds
Carbon monosulfide

Germanium monoxide
Germanium disulfide

Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
Infobox references

Germanium monosulfide or Germanium(II) sulfide is the chemical compound with the formula GeS. It is a chalcogenide glass and a semiconductor.[citation needed] Germanium sulfide is described as a red-brown powder or black crystals.[1] Germanium(II) sulfide when dry is stable in air, hydrolyzes slowly in moist air but rapidly reacts in water forming Ge(OH)2 and then GeO.[2] It is one of a few sulfides that can be sublimed under vacuum without decomposition.[3]


First made by Winkler by reducing GeS2 with Ge.[2] Other methods include reduction in a stream of H2 gas,[2] or with an excess of H3PO2 followed by vacuum sublimation.[1]


It has a layer structure similar to that of black phosphorus.[1] The Ge-S distances range from 247 to 300 pm.[2] Molecular GeS in the gas phase has a Ge-S bond length of 201.21 pm.[4]


  1. ^ a b c Greenwood, Norman N.; Earnshaw, Alan (1997). Chemistry of the Elements (2nd ed.). Butterworth-Heinemann. ISBN 0080379419. 
  2. ^ a b c d E. G. Rochow, E. W. Abel ,1973, The Chemistry of Germanium Tin and Lead, Pergamon Press, ISBN 0-08-018854-0
  3. ^ Michael Binnewies, Robert Glaum, Marcus Schmidt, Peer Schmidt, 2012, Chemical Vapor Transport Reactions, De Gruyter, ISBN 978-3-11-025464-8
  4. ^ Lide, David R., ed. (2006). CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics (87th ed.). Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press. ISBN 0-8493-0487-3.