Germanium difluoride

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Germanium difluoride
GeF2structure.png
Two unit cells of the orthorhombic GeF2 structure. Brown atoms are germanium
Names
IUPAC names
Germanium difluoride
Difluorogermane
Difluoridogermanium
Other names
Germanium(II) fluoride
Identifiers
13940-63-1 YesY
ChemSpider 4885763 YesY
Jmol 3D model Interactive image
PubChem 6327235
Properties[1]
GeF2
Molar mass 110.61 g/mol
Appearance White orthorhombic hygroscopic crystals
Density 3.61 g/cm3
Melting point 110 °C (230 °F; 383 K)
Boiling point 130 °C (266 °F; 403 K) (sublimates)
Hazards
Main hazards Reacts with water to form HF, corrosive
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
Infobox references

Germanium difluoride (GeF2) is a chemical compound of germanium and fluorine. It is a white solid with a melting point of 110 °C which can be produced by reacting germanium tetrafluoride with germanium powder at 150–300 °C.[2]

Structure[edit]

Germanium difluoride forms orthorhombic crystals with a space group P212121 (No. 19), Pearson symbol oP12, and lattice constants a = 0.4682 nm, b = 0.5178 nm, c = 0.8312 nm, Z = 4 (four structure units per unit cell). Its crystal structure is characterized by strong polymeric chains composed by GeF3 pyramids. One of the fluorine atom in the pyramid is shared by two neighboring chains, providing a weak link between them.[3] Another, less common crystal form of GeF2 has tetragonal symmetry with a space group P41212 (No. 92), Pearson symbol tP12, and lattice constants a = 0.487 nm, b = 0.6963 nm, c = 0.858 nm.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Lide, D. R., ed. (2005). CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics (86th ed.). Boca Raton (FL): CRC Press. p. 4.64. ISBN 0-8493-0486-5. 
  2. ^ Greenwood, N. N.; Earnshaw, A. (1998). Chemistry of the Elements (second edition). Butterworth Heinemann. pp. 376–377. ISBN 0-7506-3365-4. 
  3. ^ Trotter, James; Akhtar, M.; Bartlett, Neil (1966). "The crystal structure of germanium difluoride". Journal of the Chemical Society A: Inorganic, Physical, Theoretical: 30. doi:10.1039/J19660000030. 
  4. ^ G.P. Adams; L.M. Albritton; D.W. Bonnell; J.L. Margrave; J. Scott; P.W. Wilson (1971). "A new solid phase in germanium difluoride". Journal of the Less Common Metals. 24 (1): 113–116. doi:10.1016/0022-5088(71)90174-3.