Germany–Greece relations

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Germany–Greece relations
Map indicating locations of Germany and Greece



The Germany–Greece relations are the relations between Germany and Greece. Greece has an embassy in Berlin and eight General Consulates in (Hamburg, Hannover, Cologne, Leipzig, Munich, Düsseldorf, Stuttgart and Frankfurt). Germany has an embassy in Athens and a General Consulate in Thessaloniki.

Germany and Greece are full members of the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe, of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, of NATO, of the European Union, and of the Eurozone.

History of bilateral relations[edit]

Foreign Minister of Greece Dimitrios Droutsas and Joschka Fischer in a meeting in Athens in February 2011

Diplomatic relations between Byzantine Greeks and German people trace back to the Middle Ages and the Byzantine empire.

The first King of independent Greece, Otto I, was of German descent, and many Germans came and settled in the new state. Greece and Prussia established diplomatic relations in 1834, the same year both countries exchanged embassies.[1]

The two countries were enemies during both World Wars, with Germany taking part in the Axis Occupation of Greece during World War II. The issue of reparations for German war crimes and the forced loan during the Occupation continues to be unsettled. There is a 300,000 people Greek community living in Germany, most of them came during the 1960s and 1970s.

The two nations enjoyed excellent relations for 60 years (1950- 2010) with Germans to be the first nation of tourist arrivals in Greece during 1970s, 1980s,1990s, 2000s[2] and the first European destination of Greeks immigrating abroad (mainly 1950s, 1960s). Moreover, Greece supported the German Reunification during 1980s and the two countries cooperated in many sectors (culturally, technologically, army etc.) under the EU spectrum.

However, relations were strained during the European sovereign-debt crisis between the nations.[3]

German community of Greece[edit]

See German Greeks.

The German Archaeological Institute at Athens opened in 1874, the German School of Athens in 1896.

Related minorities: Austrian Greeks

List of bilateral treaties[4][edit]

  • Bilateral cultural agreement, 17 May 1956
  • Treaty of residence and shipping, 2 September 1961, which also addresses military conscription matters for persons with dual nationality
  • Agreement for the avoidance of double taxation, 18 April 1966

After 1981, most agreements were made through the European Union.

List of recent bilateral visits[edit]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]


  1. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2009-08-01. Retrieved 2009-01-18.  Greek Ministry of Foreign Affairs about the relation with Germany
  2. ^
  3. ^ German Patience With Greece on the Euro Wears Thin 8 May 2012.
  4. ^ Ministry of Foreign Affairs about the relation with Germany