Germany–Kosovo relations

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German–Kosovan relations
Map indicating locations of Germany and Kosovo

Germany

Kosovo

German–Kosovan relations are foreign relations between Germany and the Kosovo. Kosovo declared its independence from Serbia on 17 February 2008 and Germany recognised it on 20 February 2008.[1] Germany has an embassy in Pristina since 27 February 2008.[2] Kosovo has an embassy in Berlin[3] and consulates in Frankfurt and Stuttgart.[4]

Germany is the second-largest donor to Kosovo behind the US.[5]

BND affair[edit]

On 19 November 2008 three agents of the Bundesnachrichtendienst were arrested in Kosovo and accused of involvement in a bomb attack five days earlier.[6] The German media speculated that this arrest was meant as some kind of punishment for the BND, which in 2005 certified that Prime Minister Hashim Thaçi was involved in the Kosovar-Albanian mafia network.[7] Even though the Kosovo police claimed to have video evidence proving the involvement of the three agents (which was never shown to the public),[8] they were released on November 28, 2008.[9] An unknown group called Army of the Republic of Kosovo (ARK) claimed responsibility for the bomb attack.

Military[edit]

Germany participated in the 1999 NATO bombing of Yugoslavia, which resulted in a UN administration of Kosovo and then to eventual independence. Germany currently has 2,350 troops serving in Kosovo as peacekeepers in the NATO led Kosovo Force. Originally there was 8,500 German troops in KFOR.[10] Klaus Reinhardt was the 2nd KFOR Commander from 8 October 1999 - 18 April 2000. Holger Kammerhoff was the 8th KFOR Commander from 3 October 2003 - 1 September 2004. Also Roland Kather was the 11th KFOR Commander from 1 September 2006 - 31 August 2007.

Germany sent 600 Soldiers to serve as Peacekeepers in EULEX; an EU Police, Civilian and Law Mission in Kosovo.[11]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Germany recognises Kosovo". German Federal Government. Archived from the original on 2011-09-26. 
  2. ^ "Deutsche Botschaft Pristina - Startseite". 
  3. ^ "diplo - Startseite - HTTP Status 404". Auswärtiges Amt. 
  4. ^ "Consular Missions Of The Republic Of Kosovo - Diplomatic Missions - Ministry of Foreign Affairs - Republic of Kosovo". Ministry of Foreign Affairs - Republic of Kosovo. 
  5. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2009-08-05. Retrieved 2009-05-04. 
  6. ^ "Germans held in Kosovo over blast". BBC News. 23 November 2008. Retrieved 3 May 2010. 
  7. ^ SPIEGEL ONLINE, Hamburg, Germany (1 December 2008). "Covert Cock-Up: Germany's Failed Spy Mission in Kosovo". SPIEGEL ONLINE. 
  8. ^ SPIEGEL ONLINE, Hamburg, Germany (25 November 2008). "German Spy Scandal: Kosovo Claims to Have Video of 'Terrorism'". SPIEGEL ONLINE. 
  9. ^ "Three German Spies Await Release At Kosovo Airport". RadioFreeEurope/RadioLiberty. Archived from the original on 2008-12-04. 
  10. ^ "Kosovo Force (KFOR)" www.nato.int Link accessed 21-07-09
  11. ^ "British troops arrive in Kosovo"ukpress.google.com 24 May 2008 Link accessed 24/05/08 Archived May 26, 2008, at the Wayback Machine.