Germany is a member of the NATO while Singapore remains as a member of the Commonwealth of Nations, both of which involve the United Kingdom as a leading member and ally. More recently,[when?] the Singapore Army has undergone a major upgrade exercise of the armour arsenal that saw the Ministry of Defence procuring refurbished Leopard 2 tanks as the primary battle tank of armour-related operations since 2008. The Leopard 2 series eventually replaced all the aging French AMX-13 tanks in the 21st century, while bilateral military training exercises are held as recently as 2015 in the Bergen NATO Training Area of Germany.
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Germany is represented in Singapore at the Deutsche Botschaft Singapur with ambassador Michael Witter as of 2014, while Singapore is represented in Germany at the Singapore Embassy near Potsdamer Platz by ambassador Jai S Sohan.