Germany–Singapore relations

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Germany–Singapore relations
Map indicating locations of Germany and Singapore

Germany

Singapore
Singaporean Embassy in Berlin

Germany–Singapore relations refers to bilateral relations between the two countries, Singapore and Germany. Singapore has an embassy in Berlin and Germany has an embassy in Singapore.

History[edit]

A major impact made by Germany in modern history took place when the SMS Emden raided the South and Southeast Asia region during World War I. The light cruiser had made a daring raid of the British port of Penang soon after the war started, and brought the Malay Peninsula into the war. Following the Cold War between the 1970s and 1980s, West Germany chancellor Helmut Schmidt maintained close ties with then Singapore Prime Minister Lee Kuan Yew. An orchid hybrid was also named after Mrs Hannelore "Loki" Schmidt when she visited the Singapore Botanic Gardens in 1978.[1]

Bilateral relations[edit]

Singapore and Germany began building relations more publicly after the breakup of the communist Soviet Union and the fall of the Iron Curtain that saw the unification of German Democratic Republic and West Germany.

In August 10, 1973, Singapore built the relations of East Germany.

Defence[edit]

Germany is a member of the NATO while Singapore remains as a member of the Commonwealth of Nations, both of which involve the United Kingdom as a leading member and ally. More recently,[when?] the Singapore Army has undergone a major upgrade exercise of the armour arsenal that saw the Ministry of Defence procuring refurbished Leopard 2 tanks as the primary battle tank of armour-related operations[2][3] since 2008.[4] The Leopard 2 series eventually replaced all the aging French AMX-13 tanks in the 21st century, while bilateral military training exercises are held as recently as 2015 in the Bergen NATO Training Area of Germany.[5]

Trade and investment[edit]

As of 2015, leaders of both Germany and Singapore met in Berlin and are still working on a free trade agreement between Singapore and the European Union.[6]

State visits[edit]

The late[7] Chancellor of Germany Schmidt continued making informal state visits as recent as 2012 when he met with long-time friend Lee Kuan Yew.[1]

Academic Exchanges[edit]

Diplomatic Representations[edit]

Germany is represented in Singapore at the Deutsche Botschaft Singapur with ambassador Michael Witter as of 2014,[8] while Singapore is represented in Germany at the Singapore Embassy near Potsdamer Platz by ambassador Jai S Sohan.[9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "'OLD FRIENDS' REMINISCE DURING BOOK INTERVIEW". Straits Times. Retrieved 26 November 2015. 
  2. ^ Xue, Jianyue. "Steady spending on defence 'sends strong signal'". Today. Retrieved 26 November 2015. 
  3. ^ "Singapore's Leopard 2A4 And The Great German Panzer Sale". FULL FRAME. Retrieved 26 November 2015. 
  4. ^ "Leopard 2 Main Battle Tank, Germany". Kable. Retrieved 26 November 2015. 
  5. ^ "In photos: SAF conducts bilateral training exercise in Germany". CNA. Retrieved 26 November 2015. 
  6. ^ Lee, U-Wen. "PM Lee, Merkel keen to get S'pore-EU FTA going". Business Times. Retrieved 26 November 2015. 
  7. ^ Kugler, Steffen. Yahoo! https://web.archive.org/web/20151126172248/https://sg.news.yahoo.com/photos/helmut-schmidt-state-funeral-20151123-102236-283.html. Archived from the original on 26 November 2015. Retrieved 26 November 2015.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  8. ^ Wee, Vincent. "Deepening bilateral ties". Business Times. Retrieved 26 November 2015. 
  9. ^ "About the Embassy". Government of Singapore. Retrieved 26 November 2015.