Relations were established after the Unification of Italy. The two countries historically enjoy a special relationship since they fought together against the Austrian Empire. Italy and Germany were part of the Triple alliance but they were enemies during World War I. Both countries were members of the Axis powers during World War II, formed an alliance during the Cold War (West Germany), were among the inner six and became two of the G6 nations after their economic miracle. Prime minister Giulio Andreotti was not in favour of the German reunification but today the Italian government and the German one are full and leading members of the EU. In 2005 a German cardinal was elected Bishop of Rome.
Germany has an embassy in Rome and consulates in Milan and Naples, while Italy has an embassy in Berlin and consulates in Frankfurt, Freiburg, Hamburg, Hanover, Munich, Nuremberg, Saarbrücken, and Stuttgart.
German community in Italy
See German Italians.
Related groups: Austrian Italians.
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