Germany at the Paralympics

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Germany at the
Paralympics
Flag of Germany.svg
IPC codeGER
NPCNational Paralympic Committee Germany
Websitewww.dbs-npc.de (in German)
Medals
Ranked 3rd
Gold
624
Silver
612
Bronze
571
Total
1,807
Summer appearances
Winter appearances
Other related appearances
 West Germany (1960–1988)
 East Germany (1984)

Germany (GER) participated in the inaugural Paralympic Games in 1960 in Rome, where it sent a delegation of nine athletes. The country, since 1949 officially the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG), was until 1990 also called West Germany while the separate East German Democratic Republic (GDR) existed, which was recognized by the IOC only after 1964. East German athletes, however, participated in the Paralympics for the first and last time in 1984. Following the reunification of Germany in 1990, athletes from all of Germany compete simply as Germany (GER) again.[1]

Germany has participated in every edition of the Summer Paralympics, and has also taken part in every edition of the Winter Paralympics, from the first in 1976. Germany was the host country of the 1972 Summer Paralympics, in Heidelberg.[2]

Germany has won a total of 1587 Paralympic medals, of which 554 gold, 535 silver and 500 bronze. (And if one adds East Germany's tally, the total rises to 1591.) This is more than any country other than the United States. The International Paralympic Committee, however, maintains separate records for "Germany" (1960–64 and 1992–present) and "West Germany" (due to their separate IPC codes), giving West Germany a total of 873 medals, and Germany a total of 714. This places the "two countries" sixth and seventh, respectively, on the all-time Paralympic Games medal table - behind the United States, Great Britain, Canada, France and Australia.[3]

Germany has consistently been one of the world's strongest nations at the Paralympics. Prior to 2008, at the Summer Games, it had always been among the top fifteen on the medal tables, and was within the top three on six occasions. In 2008,they finished in the 11th place. At the Winter Games, Germany has always been among the top three, except in 1980 (7th), 1984 (4th) and 2018 (5th). It topped the medal table at the 1972 Summer Paralympics (which it hosted), and the 1976, 2002 and 2010 Winter Games.[4]

Among Germany's most successful Paralympians are[5]

  • Reinhild Möller, winner of 19 medals (of which 16 gold) in alpine skiing, and 4 medals (of which 3 are gold) in athletics
  • Claudia Hengst: 25 medals (of which 13 gold) in swimming
  • Gerd Schönfelder: 17 medals (of which 12 gold) in alpine skiing
  • Frank Höfle: 17 medals (of which 10 gold) in cross-country skiing.

Medal tallies[edit]

These tallies include the results for both "Germany" and "West Germany". They do not include the four medals of East Germany at the Paralympics.

Summer Paralympics[edit]

Elfriede Ranz (Pilot) and Ursula Egner of Germany on the medal dais after winning silver in the Women's tandem Kilo on the track at the 1996 Atlanta Paralympic Games.
Event Gold Silver Bronze Total Ranking
Italy Rome 1960 15 6 9 30 3rd
Japan Tokyo 1964 5 2 5 12 9th
Israel Tel Aviv 1968 12 12 11 35 6th
Germany Heidelberg 1972 28 17 22 67 1st
Canada Toronto 1976 37 34 26 97 4th
Netherlands Arnhem 1980 67 48 46 161 3rd
United KingdomUnited States Stoke Mandeville & Long Island 1984 79 77 74 230 5th
South Korea Seoul 1988 76 66 51 193 2nd
Spain Barcelona 1992 61 51 59 171 2nd
United States Atlanta 1996 40 58 51 149 3rd
Australia Sydney 2000 16 41 38 95 10th
Greece Athens 2004 19 28 31 78 8th
China Beijing 2008 14 25 20 59 11th
United Kingdom London 2012 18 26 22 66 8th
Brazil Rio de Janeiro 2016 18 25 14 57 6th
Japan Tokyo 2020 future event
France Paris 2024 future event
United States Los Angeles 2028 future event
Total 487 491 465 1443 3rd

Winter Paralympics[edit]

Event Gold Silver Bronze Total Ranking
Sweden Örnsköldsvik 1976 10 12 6 28 1st
Norway Geilo 1980 3 5 9 17 7th
Austria Innsbruck 1984 10 14 10 34 4th
Austria Innsbruck 1988 9 11 10 30 3rd
France Albertville & Tignes 1992 12 17 9 38 2nd
Norway Lillehammer 1994 25 21 18 64 2nd
Japan Nagano 1998 14 17 13 44 2nd
United States Salt Lake City 2002 17 1 15 33 1st
Italy Turin 2006 8 5 5 18 2nd
Canada Vancouver 2010 13 5 6 24 1st
Russia Sochi 2014 9 5 1 15 2nd
South Korea Pyeongchang 2018 7 8 4 19 5th
China Beijing 2022 future event
Total 137 121 106 362 2nd

Records[edit]

These records include West Germany at the Paralympics.

Summer Paralympics[edit]

Active athletes are in bold.

Multi medalists

German athletes who have won more than three golds or more than five medals.

No. Athlete Sport Years Games Gender Gold Silver Bronze Total
1 Claudia Hengst Swimming 1988-2004 5 F 13 4 8 25
2 Marianne Buggenhagen Athletics 1992-2016 7 F 9 2 3 14
3 Jochen Wollmert Table tennis 1992-2012 6 M 5 2 3 10
4 Robert Figl Athletics 1988-2004 5 M 5 1 6 12
5 Wojtek Czyz Athletics 2004-2012 3 M 4 1 2 7
5 Heinrich Köberle Athletics 1984-2000 5 M 4 1 0 5
6 Peter Haber Athletics 1992-2000 3 M 3 5 0 8
7 Martina Willing Athletics 1992-2016 7 F 3 4 5 12
8 Daniela Schulte Swimming 1996-2012 5 F 3 4 1 8
9 Britta Jänicke Athletics 1988-2000 4 F 3 1 2 6
10 Jessica Sachse Athletics 1988-2004 5 F 2 3 3 8
11 Ramona Brussig Judo 2004-2016 4 F 2 2 0 4
12 Horst Beyer Athletics 1992-2000 3 M 2 1 2 5
13 Jörg Frischmann Athletics 1992-2000 3 M 1 2 2 5
Multi medalists at single Games

German athletes who have won more than two golds at a single Games. Categorised by medals earned, sports then year.

No. Athlete Sport Year Gender Gold Silver Bronze Total
1 Claudia Hengst Swimming 1988 F 6 0 0 6
2 Marianne Buggenhagen Athletics 1992 F 4 0 0 4
3 Jessica Sachse Athletics 1992 F 2 0 0 2
Multi medals at single event

German athletes who have won more than two golds at a single event in the Summer Paralympics. Categorised by medals earned, sports then gold medals earned.

No. Athlete Sport Event Years Games Gender Gold Silver Bronze Total
1 Heinrich Köberle Athletics Marathon 1984-2000 5 M 4 1 0 5
2 Jochen Wollmert Table tennis Singles 1992-2012 6 M 3 2 1 6
3 Marianne Buggenhagen Athletics Discus throw 1992-2016 7 F 3 1 0 4
4 Siegmund Hegeholz Athletics Javelin throw 1992-2004 4 M 2 2 0 4
Most appearances

German athletes who have competed in four or more Paralympic Games. Aged under 15 or over 40 are in bold.

No. Athlete Sport Birth Year Games Years First/Last Age Gender Gold Silver Bronze Total
1 Marianne Buggenhagen Athletics 1953 1992-2016 39 - 63 F 9 2 3 14
2 Martina Willing Athletics 1959 1992-2016 33 - 57 F 3 4 5 12
3 Heinrich Köberle Athletics 1946 1984-2000 38 - 54 M 4 1 0 5
4 Jochen Wollmert Table tennis 1964 1992-2012 28 - 48 M 5 2 3 10
5 Robert Figl Athletics 1967 1988-2004 21 - 37 M 5 1 6 12

Winter Paralympics[edit]

Multi medalists

German athletes who have won three gold medals or more than five medals.

No. Athlete Sport Years Games Gender Gold Silver Bronze Total
1 Gerd Schönfelder Alpine skiing 1992-2010 6 M 16 4 2 22
2 Reinhild Möller Alpine skiing 1980-2006 8 F 16 2 1 19
3 Frank Höfle Biathlon
Cross-country skiing
1988-2002 5 M 13 5 3 21
4 Verena Bentele Biathlon
Cross-country skiing
1998-2010 4 F 12 2 2 16
5 Martin Braxenthaler Alpine skiing 1998-2010 4 M 10 1 1 12
6 Anna Schaffelhuber Alpine skiing 2010-2018 3 F 7 1 1 9
7 Thomas Oelsner Biathlon 1994-2006 4 M 5 4 1 10
8 Andrea Rothfuss Alpine skiing 2006-2018 4 F 1 9 3 12
Multi medals at single Games

German athletes who have won two golds in a single Games. Categorised by medals earned, sports then year.

No. Athlete Sport Year Gender Gold Silver Bronze Total
1 Verena Bentele Biathlon
Cross-country skiing
2010 F 5 0 0 5
Anna Schaffelhuber Alpine skiing 2014 F 5 0 0 5
3 Gerd Schönfelder Alpine skiing 2010 M 4 1 0 5
Multi medals at single event

German athletes who have won two golds in a single event in the Winter Paralympics. Categorised by medals earned, sports then gold medals earned.

No. Athlete Sport Event Years Games Gender Gold Silver Bronze Total
1 Frank Höfle Biathlon 7.5km 1992-2002 4 M 3 0 1 4
Most appearances

German athletes who have competed in four or more Winter Paralympic Games. Ages under 15 or over 40 are in bold.

No. Athlete Sport Birth Year Games Years First/Last Age Gender Gold Silver Bronze Total
1 Reinhild Möller Alpine skiing 1956 1980-2006 24 - 50 F 16 2 1 19
2 Gerd Schönfelder Alpine skiing 1970 1992-2010 22 - 40 M 16 4 2 22

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Germany at the Paralympics, International Paralympic Committee
  2. ^ Germany at the Paralympics, International Paralympic Committee
  3. ^ Germany at the Paralympics, International Paralympic Committee
  4. ^ Germany at the Paralympics, International Paralympic Committee
  5. ^ Germany at the Paralympics, International Paralympic Committee