Germi

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For other places with the same name, see Germi (disambiguation).
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Germi
گرمي
city
Germi
Germi
Germi is located in Iran
Germi
Germi
Coordinates: 39°01′17″N 48°04′48″E / 39.02139°N 48.08000°E / 39.02139; 48.08000Coordinates: 39°01′17″N 48°04′48″E / 39.02139°N 48.08000°E / 39.02139; 48.08000
Country  Iran
Province Ardabil
County Germi
Bakhsh Central
Population (2006)
 • Total 28,348
Time zone IRST (UTC+3:30)
 • Summer (DST) IRDT (UTC+4:30)
Germi at GEOnet Names Server

Germi (Persian: گرمي‎‎, also Romanized as Germī and Garmī; also known as Garmi Ejarood)[1] is a city in and the capital of Germi County, Ardabil Province, Iran. At the 2006 census, its population was 28,348, in 6,382 families.[2]

Germi is north of Ardabil in Iranian Azerbaijan. Germi is located 120 km from Ardabil, the capital of the province. The yearly precipitation is 300 mm and a temperature of (-10 to 36 Celsius) allows farmers to reach good yields in growing cereals. Germi is relatively new by Iranian standards; established in the year 900 of the Islamic calendar (1494 A.D.) when Shah Ismail allowed to 5 Shiite families to migrate to this region. There were some other places and cities in both Azerbaijans that are called Germi.

The most historical place in this county is Barzand Castle that was the castle of Afshin who battled with Babak Khorramdin in an earlier century of Islamic history. People of this county are Muslim and speak the Azeri language. The largest river of the county is Dareroud; it issues from southern and eastern foot of Sabalan and joins to Aras river on the northern border of Iran. This river is the largest internal river of the Ardabil Province.

Location[edit]

Germi is located about 50 km from the Caspian Sea, 108 km from the city of Ardabil. It has an average altitude of 1050 m and total area of 1752 km2.

Neighboring on the Caspian Sea and the Republic of Azerbaijan, this city is of great political and economical significance.

It is located on an open plain 1,100 m above sea level, just east of Mount Azna (2,100 m).

History[edit]

Germi is a historical city of Iranian Azerbaijan. The name Germi probably comes from the Parthian name.

Germi is the center of Germi County. Its population is estimated to be around 30,000, the dominant majority of whom are ethnic Azeris. Notable for its shawl and carpet and short-napped coarse carpet" trade tradition.the ancient valuable Germi vestige and things are be hold in khashan museum. Germi is also known as the seat of a World Heritage Site: a first piece of cloth woven in Iran and discovered in Salala Village were to be kept in Iran national museum.

Germi is an ancient city in the Ardabil province of Iran, thought to have been founded in the Parthian period. Germi is located in an area known for temperate weather. It is an important agricultural centre, the county seat of Germi County, and the capital of Moghan.[3]

Climate[edit]

It is relatively warm in summer and in winter relatively cold weather, many tourists come to the region for its cool climate during the hot summer months maximum temperatures reaching to 35 °C . The winters are short and cold, with a temperature plummeting to -13 °C. The annual rainfall is around 335 mm.

Demography[edit]

  • Population (Metropolitan): about 28,000
  • Religion: Mainly Shi'a Islam
  • Ethnicity: Mostly Azeri
  • Language: The majority of the population speaks Azeri.

Attractions[edit]

Anthropology
Attraction Description
The complex Sayyed Mir aziz Mirzadeh Germi is a holy shrine in east germi
Masjid Jameh Ruins of once magnificent and unique Mosque.
saheb alzaman mosque This complex dates back to Qajar period
Germi Khaja nasir school This beautiful school was built during Qajar period by Russian soldiers.
Germi bridges Germi host numerous historical bridges namely Pol-e Moseyeb, Pol-e Tolon Chay River, most were built during Safavid era.

and a few ancient bridges. In addition to these, in many villages of Germi, relics of ancient monuments, including tombs have been found.

Being a city of great antiquity, the origins of Germi go back 3000 to 6000 years (according to historical research in this city). This city was the capital of Germi county in different times, but its golden age was in the Parthian period.

Geology[edit]

Many cold springs and beautiful natural landscapes are in Germi and around which attract tourists. The mineral springs of Germi (khan bulaghi, Zarana) are notable throughout Iran for their medicinal qualities.

Many beauty lakes: the largest of which are Gilarlul, are the habitats of some species of water birds. The beautiful Lake Gilarlu is located in an open area 03 km north-West of the city of Germi. It covers an area of 1.1 km2 and has an average depth of 1.5 metres. It is fed by Barzand rivers.

Attraction Description
Lake Gilarlul located in a hilly area North West of the city of Germi and covers an area of 210,000 m². The surface of the lake is covered with a thin white layer of minerals, being useful for healing skin diseases and rheumatism. Near the lake there is the mud dam complex of Gilarlu.
Tulun Chay River Meaning "a river with quick gradient" in Turkish language, this river originates from the Khan Kandi, Germi Mountains and passes through Germi city. As a result, many villages and townships have settled around this river. It also irrigates much of the agricultural lands in this county.
Azna mountain Azna ( Azna; also called ?zn?) is an inactive stratovolcano in Germi Germi county of north-western Iran about 20 miles south-east of Germi. Azna is the third highest mountain in Germi county. and different tourist areas such as the Tang Village. The mountain is known for its beautiful vistas.

Music[edit]

Main article: Music of Azerbaijan

Colleges and universities[edit]

  • Payam Noor University of Germi
  • Islamic Azad University of Germi
  • Jame elmi Karbordi University of Germi
  • Islamic Azad University of ungut
  • Payam Noor University of Ungut

Economy[edit]

The economy of Germi is partially agricultural, partially tourist based, with some industries in operation.

Azar Gapu, the largest door factory of its kind in the Middle East, is located in Germi.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Germi can be found at GEOnet Names Server, at this link, by opening the Advanced Search box, entering "-3063628" in the "Unique Feature Id" form, and clicking on "Search Database".
  2. ^ "Census of the Islamic Republic of Iran, 1385 (2006)". Islamic Republic of Iran. Archived from the original (Excel) on 2011-11-11. 
  3. ^ Speech by the British Ambassador on Presentation of Credentials

External links[edit]