Germplasm is the living genetic resources such as seeds or tissue that is maintained for the purpose of animal and plant breeding, preservation, and other research uses. These resources may take the form of seed collections stored in seed banks, trees growing in nurseries, animal breeding lines maintained in animal breeding programs or gene banks, etc. Germplasm collections can range from collections of wild species to elite, domesticated breeding lines that have undergone extensive human selection.
- Conservation biology
- Cryoconservation of animal genetic resources
- International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture
- Seed saving
- Day-Rubenstein, K and Heisey, P. 2003. Plant Genetic Resources: New Rules for International Exchange
- De Vicente, C. (editor) (2005). Issues on gene flow and germplasm management. AMS (Bioversity's Regional Office for the Americas), IPGRI. 63 p.
- Economic Research Service. Global resources and productivity: questions and answers
- Engels, J.M.M. and L. Visser, editors. (2003). A Guide to Effective Management of Germplasm Collections. CABI, IFPRI, IPGRI, SGRP. 174 p.
- SeedQuest Primer Germplasm Resources