Gerrit Jan van Heuven Goedhart

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Gerrit Jan van Heuven Goedhart
HeuvenGoedhart1944.jpg
Van Heuven Goedhart (Regent's Park London, 1944)
United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees
In office
1 January 1951 – 8 July 1956
Preceded byFridtjof Nansen (League of Nations High Commissioner)
Succeeded byAuguste R. Lindt
Senator
In office
22 October 1947 – 1 January 1951
Minister of Justice
In office
12 July 1944 – 23 February 1945
Preceded byJohannes Regnerus Maria van Angeren
Succeeded byPieter Sjoerds Gerbrandy
Personal details
Born
Gerrit Jan Goedhart

(1901-03-19)19 March 1901
Bussum, Netherlands
Died8 July 1956(1956-07-08) (aged 55)
Geneva, Switzerland
NationalityDutch
Political partyLabour Party
Spouse(s)Francis Becht (1924-1931)
Erna Hauan (1932-1956)
Alma materLeiden University (Dr.)
OccupationPolitician
Diplomat
Journalist
AwardsKnight in the Order of the Netherlands Lion (1949)
1954 Nobel Peace Prize (1954; as UNHCR)
Wateler Peace Prize (1956)

Gerrit Jan van Heuven Goedhart (19 March 1901 – 8 July 1956) was a Dutch politician and diplomat. He was the first United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (1951–1956).

Van Heuven Goedhart studied Law at Leiden University and graduated in 1926. The year before, he had already become a reporter for newspaper De Telegraaf. On 1 January 1930, at the age of 28, he was promoted to editor in chief. He was fired on 1 June 1933 because he refused to publish an article that called the newly elected German leader Adolf Hitler "a great statesman". He became editor in chief of regional newspaper Utrechts Nieuwsblad, where he would stay in office until the German invasion of the Netherlands.

During the World War II, Van Heuven Goedhart worked as a reporter and editor in chief for the illegal resistance newspaper Het Parool. In 1944 he fled to London, where he was appointed Minister of Justice in the government in exile.

After the World War II, Van Heuven Goedhart returned to Het Parool, where he once again become editor in chief. In 1947, he also became Senator for the Labour Party. In 1951, he gave up both occupations to become the first High Commissioner for Refugees of the United Nations. Under Van Heuven Goedhart, the UNHCR was awarded the 1954 Nobel Peace Prize.

Van Heuven Goedhart was also the first chairman of the "state committee for the coordination of government information" (Dutch: Staatscommissie over de coördinatie van de overheidsvoorlichting), the predecessor of the Netherlands Government Information Service (Dutch: Rijksvoorlichtingsdienst).

Decorations[edit]

Personal life[edit]

Van Heuven Goedhart was born on 19 March 1901 in Bussum, North Holland. His father, Gijsbert Willem Goedhart, was a Protestant vicar. His mother was Francina Dingena Helena van Heuven. Van Heuven Goedhart was initially called Goedhart, but in 1933 he received permission to add his mother's maiden name to his surname.

Van Heuven Goedhart married Francis Becht (1899–1987) in 1924. The marriage was dissolved in 1931. In 1932, Van Heuven Goedhart married Norwegian Erna Hauan (1899–1991). Van Heuven Goedhart had two children from his second marriage, Karin Sophie and Bergliot Halldis.[1][2]

Van Heuven Goedhart died in Geneva on 8 July 1956, while being United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Dr. G.J. van Heuven Goedhart" (in Dutch).
  2. ^ "GOEDHART, Gerrit Jan (1901-1956)" (in Dutch).

External links[edit]