Gertrude Lilian Elles
|Died||18 November 1960 (aged 88)|
|Education||Wimbledon High School|
|Alma mater||University of Cambridge, Trinity College, Dublin|
|Known for||work on graptolites|
|Institutions||University of Cambridge|
Born in Wimbledon to parents who were Scottish, Elles was educated at Wimbledon High School and Newnham College, Cambridge, where in 1895 she received first class honours in the Natural Science tripos. She travelled to Dublin in 1905, to take her D.Sc. The University of Cambridge was not then awarding women degrees. Between 1904-1907 an arrangement was made between the University of Cambridge, University of Oxford and Trinity College, Dublin to award female graduates of Cambridge and Oxford their degree in Ireland instead. She worked with Ethel Wood and Charles Lapworth.
Her work on the genera of graptolites from North Wales and the Skiddaw Slates of the Lake District, England and from the Wenlock Shales of the Welsh borders eventually led to Elles' receiving the Lyell Fund of the Geological Society of London in 1900, but was unable to collect it since women were barred from meetings. In 1919 she became one of the first female Fellows of the Geological Society, and in the same year won its Murchison Medal.
She was president of the British Association in 1923. Elles was the first woman to be awarded a readership position at Cambridge in 1924. She continued to lecture and research until her retirement in 1938. She was made Reader Emeritus in 1938, and continued to supervise students. Some of the students that she supervised at Cambridge included Dorothy Hill, Elizabeth "Betty" Ripper and Oliver Bulman.
She never married and had no children.
- Higgs, B. and Wyse, Jackson, P.N. (2007). "The role of women in the history of geological studies in Ireland In: Burek C.V. & Higgs B. (eds) The role of Women in the History of Geology". Geological Society, London, Special Publications. 281: 137–154. doi:10.1144/sp281.9.
- "The Sedgwick Club". sedgwickclub.soc.srcf.net. Retrieved 6 April 2016.
- Burek, C. V.; Higgs, B. (1 January 2007). "The role of women in the history and development of geology: an introduction". Geological Society, London, Special Publications. 281 (1): 1–8. doi:10.1144/SP281.1.
- Burek, C. V. (1 January 2007). "The role of women in geological higher education Bedford College, London (Catherine Raisin) and Newnham College, Cambridge, UK". Geological Society, London, Special Publications. 281 (1): 9–38. doi:10.1144/SP281.2.
- Burek, C. V. (21 August 2009). "The first female Fellows and the status of women in the Geological Society of London". Geological Society, London, Special Publications. 317 (1): 373–407. doi:10.1144/SP317.21.
- Secord, James A.; Howells, Malcolm; Couples, Gary D.; Oldroyd, David. "Geological Tensions in an Idyllic Field". Metascience. 13 (1): 1–27. doi:10.1023/B:MESC.0000023262.37758.d2.