Geshur, Golan Heights

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Geshur
גְּשׁוּר
Geshur is located in the Golan Heights
Geshur
Geshur
Coordinates: 32°49′10″N 35°42′56″E / 32.81944°N 35.71556°E / 32.81944; 35.71556Coordinates: 32°49′10″N 35°42′56″E / 32.81944°N 35.71556°E / 32.81944; 35.71556
District Northern
Council Golan
Region Golan Heights
Affiliation Kibbutz Movement
Founded 1971
Founded by Hashomer Hatzair members
Population (2017)[1] 279

Geshur (Hebrew: גְּשׁוּר‬, lit. Bridging) is an Israeli settlement and kibbutz on the ridge of the southern Golan Heights.[2][3] The international community considers Israeli settlements in the Golan Heights illegal under international law, but the Israeli government disputes this.[4] In 2017 it had a population of 279.[1]

Etymology[edit]

The kibbutz is named after a mythical biblical kingdom which may or may not have been in the same area.

History[edit]

Bronze age[edit]

Location of biblical Geshur

According to the Bible, during the time of King David, Geshur was an independent kingdom (Joshua 13:13). David married Maachah, a daughter of Talmai, King of Geshur. (2 Samuel 3:3, 1 Chronicles 3:2) Her son Absalom fled to his mother's native country, after the murder of his half-brother and David's eldest son, Amnon. Absalom stayed there for three years before being rehabilitated by David. (ib. 13:37, 15:8) Geshur managed to maintain its independence from the Aramean kingdoms until after the time of King Solomon.[5][6]

Modern period[edit]

Kibbutz Geshur was founded in 1971 by Hashomer Hatzair, a socialist-Zionist youth movement,[7] It falls under the jurisdiction of Golan Regional Council. Geshur has a population of 150, including 35 children.

The first Golan Heights vineyards were planted in Geshur in 1976.[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "List of localities, in Alphabetical order" (PDF). Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved August 26, 2018.
  2. ^ Who's left in Israel?: radical political alternatives for the future of Israel, p. 106, Dan Leon, Sussex Academic Press, 2004, ISBN 978-1-903900-56-7, accessed December 20, 2009
  3. ^ Geography and politics in Israel since 1967, p. 119, Elisha Efrat, Routledge, 1988, ISBN 978-0-7146-3303-9, accessed December 20, 2009
  4. ^ "The Geneva Convention". BBC. December 10, 2009.
  5. ^ The history of ancient Palestine, pp. 397-400, Gösta Werner Ahlström, Fortress Press, 1993, ISBN 978-0-8006-2770-6, accessed December 20, 2009
  6. ^ Ancient Damascus: a historical study of the Syrian city-state from earliest times until its fall to the Assyrians in 732 B.C.E., pp. 88-89, Wayne Thomas Pitard, Eisenbrauns, 1987, ISBN 0-931464-29-3, accessed December 20, 2009
  7. ^ Ashkenazi, Eli, "On the Golan Heights, people say that all this talk about talks is 'just talk'", Haaretz, May 22, 2008, accessed December 20, 2009
  8. ^ Ben Joseph, Michael, "Golan Heights wines are fuel for the soul," Jerusalem Post, October 25, 2001, accessed December 20, 2009

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]