Gettysburg, South Dakota

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Gettysburg, South Dakota
Stocker Blacksmith Shop listed on the National Register of Historic Places
Stocker Blacksmith Shop listed on the National Register of Historic Places
Nickname(s): 
Gettysburg "Where the Battle Wasn't"
Motto(s): 
"Come Play On The Prairie"
Location in Potter County and the state of South Dakota
Location in Potter County and the state of South Dakota
Coordinates: 45°0′43″N 99°57′19″W / 45.01194°N 99.95528°W / 45.01194; -99.95528Coordinates: 45°0′43″N 99°57′19″W / 45.01194°N 99.95528°W / 45.01194; -99.95528
CountryUnited States
StateSouth Dakota
CountyPotter
Incorporated1907[1]
Area
 • Total1.89 sq mi (4.90 km2)
 • Land1.89 sq mi (4.90 km2)
 • Water0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation
2,064 ft (629 m)
Population
 • Total1,162
 • Estimate 
(2015)[4]
1,164
 • Density614.8/sq mi (237.4/km2)
Time zoneUTC−6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
ZIP code
57442
Area code(s)605
FIPS code46-24260[5]
GNIS feature ID1255235[6]
Websitehttp://www.gettysburgsd.net/

Gettysburg is a city in Potter County, South Dakota, United States, along the 45th parallel. The population was 1,162 at the 2010 census. It is the county seat of Potter County.[7]

History[edit]

Gettysburg was platted in 1884.[8] The city was named in commemoration of the Battle of Gettysburg.[8] A large share of the early settlers were veterans of the Civil War.[9]

Geography[edit]

Gettysburg is located at 45°00′43″N 99°57′19″W / 45.011819°N 99.955386°W / 45.011819; -99.955386.[10]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.89 square miles (4.90 km2), all of it land.[2]

Gettysburg has been assigned the ZIP code 57442 and the FIPS place code 24260.

Climate[edit]

With a precipitation slightly above 465 mm[11], the city can be considered the watershed between the dry climates of the American West to the humid climates of the American East, although closer to the first ones, with a center characterized by the steppes and medium precipitation marking the east limit of the group B of dry climates (except for the hot versions on the subcontinent) for the 99.9 °W meridian.[12] From the climatic map of the University of Melbourne, Gettysburg is the easternmost city in North America with a semi-arid cold climate (Köppen: Bsk).[13][12] The average high temperature is 12.7 ° C and the low average is -0.4 ° C, which makes temperatures below the freezing point predominate for at least part of the year. The annual average snow is of 99 cm. For the official data of the NOAA/Weather Service: the average annual precipitation is of 501 mm, by which it strengthens its role of confluence. The wettest months range from May to July ranging from 72 to 88 mm and the driest January (only 9 mm). The amount of snow is average in proportion to its cold weather surpassing the 20 cm between February and March.[14]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1910936
19209511.6%
19301,40047.2%
19401,324−5.4%
19501,55517.4%
19601,95025.4%
19701,915−1.8%
19801,623−15.2%
19901,510−7.0%
20001,352−10.5%
20101,162−14.1%
Est. 20161,155[15]−0.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[16]
2015 Estimate[4]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[3] of 2010, there were 1,162 people, 534 households, and 310 families residing in the city. The population density was 614.8 inhabitants per square mile (237.4/km2). There were 617 housing units at an average density of 326.5 per square mile (126.1/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 97.3% White, 0.3% African American, 1.2% Native American, 0.2% Asian, and 1.0% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.6% of the population.

There were 534 households of which 21.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.1% were married couples living together, 5.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.9% had a male householder with no wife present, and 41.9% were non-families. 37.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 21.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.08 and the average family size was 2.74.

The median age in the city was 50.3 years. 19.7% of residents were under the age of 18; 4.7% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 18.1% were from 25 to 44; 29.7% were from 45 to 64; and 27.6% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.4% male and 51.6% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[5] of 2000, there were 1,352 people, 588 households, and 365 families residing in the city. The population density was 725.1 people per square mile (280.7/km2). There were 683 housing units at an average density of 366.3 per square mile (141.8/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 97.93% White, 1.26% Native American, 0.07% Asian, and 0.74% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.15% of the population.

There were 588 households out of which 26.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.9% were married couples living together, 6.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.9% were non-families. 36.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 20.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.21 and the average family size was 2.88.

In the city, the population was spread out with 23.9% under the age of 18, 4.0% from 18 to 24, 21.8% from 25 to 44, 24.3% from 45 to 64, and 26.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 45 years. For every 100 females, there were 92.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.8 males.

As of 2000 the median income for a household in the city was $30,469, and the median income for a family was $37,763. Males had a median income of $26,316 versus $16,979 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,516. About 7.9% of families and 10.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.4% of those under age 18 and 11.3% of those age 65 or over.

Notable people[edit]

Steve Asmussen of Laredo, Texas, a successful American horse trainer, was born in Gettysburg in 1965.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "SD Towns" (PDF). South Dakota State Historical Society. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2010-02-10. Retrieved 2010-02-12.
  2. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2012-01-24. Retrieved 2012-06-21.
  3. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-06-21.
  4. ^ a b "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on October 19, 2016. Retrieved June 7, 2016.
  5. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  6. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  7. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  8. ^ a b Chicago and North Western Railway Company (1908). A History of the Origin of the Place Names Connected with the Chicago & North Western and Chicago, St. Paul, Minneapolis & Omaha Railways. pp. 75–76.
  9. ^ Federal Writers' Project (1940). South Dakota place-names, v.1-3. University of South Dakota. p. 38.[permanent dead link]
  10. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  11. ^ "Gettysburg climate: Average Temperature, weather by month, Gettysburg weather averages - Climate-Data.org". en.climate-data.org. Retrieved 2018-10-16.
  12. ^ a b "Interactive United States Koppen-Geiger Climate Classification Map". www.plantmaps.com. Retrieved 2018-10-16.
  13. ^ "Updated Köppen-Geiger climate map of the world". people.eng.unimelb.edu.au. Retrieved 2018-10-16.
  14. ^ Data, US Climate. "Climate Gettysburg - South Dakota and Weather averages Gettysburg". www.usclimatedata.com. Retrieved 2018-10-16.
  15. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  16. ^ United States Census Bureau. "Census of Population and Housing". Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 7, 2016.

External links[edit]

Media related to Gettysburg, South Dakota at Wikimedia Commons