Jump to content

Gettysburg College

Coordinates: 39°50′16″N 77°14′05″W / 39.83778°N 77.23472°W / 39.83778; -77.23472
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Gettysburg College
Gettysburg College seal
Former name
Pennsylvania College (1832–1921)
Motto in English
Do Great Work
TypePrivate liberal arts college
Established1832; 192 years ago (1832)
Religious affiliation
Evangelical Lutheran Church in America
Academic affiliation
Annapolis Group
Endowment$409.0 million (2021)[1]
PresidentRobert W. Iuliano[2]
Academic staff

39°50′16″N 77°14′05″W / 39.83778°N 77.23472°W / 39.83778; -77.23472
CampusRural, 200 acres (81 ha)
FounderSamuel Simon Schmucker
Colors   Orange & blue
Sporting affiliations
NCAA Division III
Centennial Conference

Gettysburg College is a private liberal arts college in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania. Founded in 1832, the 225-acre (91 ha) campus is adjacent to the Gettysburg Battlefield. Gettysburg College has about 2,600 students, with roughly equal numbers of men and women. Gettysburg students come from 41 states, Washington, D.C., and 39 countries.[3]

The school hosts 24 NCAA Division III men's and women's teams, known as the Bullets, and many club, intramural, and recreational sports programs.[4]


Samuel Simon Schmucker, Gettysburg College founder

Founding and early roots[edit]

Gettysburg College was founded in 1832 as a sister institution for the Lutheran Theological Seminary; the latter is now a campus of the United Lutheran Seminary. Both owe their inception to Thaddeus Stevens, a Radical Republican and abolitionist from Gettysburg. The college's original name was Pennsylvania College; it was founded by Samuel Simon Schmucker.[5]

In 1839, seven years after Gettysburg College was first founded, doctors George McClellan (founder of Jefferson Medical College), Samuel George Morton, and others, founded the Medical School of Pennsylvania College in Philadelphia. The school had money troubles within four years, forcing all founding members to leave their posts.[6][7] After a failed agreement to combine with the Philadelphia College of Medicine in 1858 (closed in 1859, with the faculty being integrated into Pennsylvania Medical College), the college was forced to close the medical school in 1861. Students from the seceding southern states had withdrawn to return home, leaving it without adequate revenue.[8]

Battle of Gettysburg[edit]

In June 1863, southern Pennsylvania was invaded by Confederate forces during the Gettysburg Campaign. Many local militia forces were formed around the area between Chambersburg and Philadelphia to face the oncoming foe.

Among these units was Gettysburg's 26th Pennsylvania Emergency Militia Regiment (PEMR). Composed mostly of students from the college and seminary, the 26th PEMR was mustered into service on June 22, 1863. Four days later, the students saw combat just north of town, skirmishing with advanced units of Confederate division commander Jubal A. Early. Casualties were light on both sides, but about 100 of the militiamen were captured and paroled.

During the Battle of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania Hall, also known as Old Dorm, was used as both a signal corps station and field hospital. Due to the geographic position it held, it was used by both Confederate and Union troops at different points during the battle.

On November 19, 1863, college president Henry Louis Baugher gave the benediction at the ceremony opening the Soldiers’ National Cemetery at Gettysburg; speaking after Abraham Lincoln. Classes were cancelled at the college and students and faculty walked with the parade to the cemetery to hear the now famous Gettysburg Address. This walk was later recreated for the now annual tradition of the "First Year Walk." Baugher was the president of Gettysburg College from 1850 until his death in 1868.

Due to its close relationship with this crucial battle, Gettysburg College hosts a number of activities and awards:

  • Pennsylvania Hall, located in the center of campus, was occupied by both Union and Confederate forces during the battle. Today, a Civil War era-style flag (for the year 1863) flies above the building, which was used as a lookout position and a field hospital during the battle.[citation needed]
  • In 1982, professor and historian Gabor Boritt founded the Civil War Institute, which hosts annual seminars and tours on Civil War themes. Scholarships are granted to high school students and history teachers to attend the week-long summer event.
  • Since 1998, the "Gettysburg Semester", a semester-long immersion in Civil War academic study has been offered.
  • Gettysburg College students can elect to pursue a unique interdisciplinary minor in Civil War Era Studies. Requirements include a general introduction course about the Civil War and a capstone senior-level seminar. Students must also select four classes of at least two disciplines. Classes offered include military history, economics of the American South, Civil War literature, films about the Civil War, and gender ideology in the Civil War.
  • The Lincoln Prize has been awarded annually since 1991 for the best non-fiction historical work on the Civil War.
  • Starting in 2005, the Michael Shaara Prize has been awarded for excellence in Civil War fiction. Shaara was the author of the Pulitzer Prize-winning 1974 novel about the Battle of Gettysburg, The Killer Angels.
  • Author Mark Nesbitt's Ghosts of Gettysburg: Spirits, Apparitions and Haunted Places of the Battlefield claims several sightings of paranormal activity on the campus, most notably in Pennsylvania Hall.[9]

Relationship with the Eisenhowers[edit]

House on Washington St. occupied by the Eisenhowers

Early in his military career, Dwight D. Eisenhower and his wife, Mamie, lived in a house in Gettysburg that was across the street from the college (the Alpha Tau Omega Fraternity House until 1955 on N. Washington Street). Both were fond of the town, so they decided to retire to a working farm adjacent to the battlefield after Eisenhower left the army. It was there that President Eisenhower recuperated from his 1955 heart attack.

While living in Gettysburg, Eisenhower became involved with Gettysburg College. He served on the Gettysburg College board of trustees, and he was given an office, which he used when writing his memoirs. Eisenhower's old office is now named Eisenhower House and is occupied by the college's office of admissions.[10] Eisenhower's grandson, David, and his granddaughter Susan continue a certain level of family involvement with the institution.

Today the Eisenhower Institute, a nationally recognized center for leadership and public policy based in Gettysburg and Washington, D.C., is formally recognized as a distinctive program of the college.[11]


The campus as seen from the air. From left to right in the foreground: College Union Building, Plank Gym, Master's Hall, Science Center Complex.

The college is located on a 225-acre (91 ha) campus adjacent to the Gettysburg National Military Park. Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, is 36 mi (58 km) from Harrisburg, 55 mi (89 km) from Baltimore, 80 mi (130 km) from Washington, D.C., 117 mi (188 km) from Philadelphia, 212 mi (341 km) from New York City, and 425 mi (684 km) from Boston.

The college's main campus has over 90 buildings, many of which are historically relevant, and is roughly divided in half by Pennsylvania Hall (administration). The northern half contains Eddie Plank Gym, Masters Hall (physics and astronomy), Musselman Library, the College Union Building, the College Dining Center, Briedenbaugh Hall (English and Asian Studies), Weidensall Hall (History and Education), and several first-year residence halls and fraternities. A section of this part of campus known as "Stine Lake" is not actually a lake but rather a quad located outside of the library. Prior to the Musselman Library being built in the late 1970s, and due to Gettysburg's wet climate and drainage issues, the quad and library site were prone to accumulating water, creating a large, muddy "lake" of sorts. Today, Stine Lake does not flood, but the name has stuck, to the confusion of first-year students. Additionally, the College Dining Center is known to students and faculty as "Servo," after the now defunct 1980s food service company, Servomation.

Pennsylvania Hall as it appears today. It now serves as the college's main administration building.

The southern half of the main campus includes McKnight Hall (languages), Glatfelter Hall (computer science, management, political science, mathematics, and others), Schmucker Hall (art and music), Brua Hall, and several fraternities. Over the last half-century, the campus has expanded considerably to include land to the east of North Washington Street and to the west of the traditional campus. In that time, the campus has undergone many renovations, with buildings being added and removed.[12]

Since approximately 96% of students live on campus, most of this additional land is dedicated to housing. It also includes the college chapel, the admissions building, a large gymnasium and field house complex, and several athletics fields. The college has also purchased or leased many buildings for student housing, including residences on Washington Street, Carlisle Street, Middle Street, and Stratton Street.[13]

The Majestic Theater[edit]

In 1925, Henry Scharf built the Majestic Theater as an expansion to the historic Gettysburg Hotel, located in the center of town. Originally, the building featured a main room that seated 1,200 patrons. In the 1950s, performances in the Theater were attended by President Dwight D. Eisenhower and his wife, often with world leaders or visitors. When he was spending the night in his Gettysburg residence, President Eisenhower used the theater's ballroom as an official White House Press Room for news conferences. The theater was also the location for the world premiere of the civil war epic Gettysburg (1993 film), produced by Ted Turner.[14] In November 2005, the theater underwent a $20 million renovation process, with the main room being restored to its former glory and the addition of two new nightly cinemas. The theater is the location for the college's Sunderman Conservatory of Music performances, as well as musical theater performances and outside guests. Many traditions and orientation events also occur in the building, which seats 816 individuals in a multi-level main room.[15]

Academic facilities[edit]


Musselman Library[16] provides access to books, journals, videos, sound recordings, rare books, and manuscripts, many in online format. The online catalog[17] is freely available and provides a description of the books, DVDs, and CDs in the collection. The journal locator[18] provides a list of online and print journals in the collection. A list of the online databases[19] is available on the library's website. Exhibits are displayed throughout the library and are updated on a regular basis.[20] The library maintains Gettysburg College's institutional repository, The Cupola: Scholarship at Gettysburg College,[21] a collection of scholarly and creative works produced by faculty, students, and other members of the Gettysburg College community.

Special Collections and College Archives,[22] located on the fourth floor of the library, collects primary sources including rare books, manuscripts, maps, art works, sound recordings, photographs, and other materials which support the curriculum. Special Collections is also home to the College Archives, which preserves records that document college activities, policies, and programs. Rotating exhibits are on display in the Reading Room. Selected items and collections have been digitized and are available via GettDigital.[23]

The building was designed by architect Hugh Newell Jacobsen, who intended the building to complement Glatfelter Hall (1889). Jacobsen referred to the architectural style as "abstract Romanesque".[24] The building project commenced thanks to a large gift from the Emma G. Musselman Foundation.[25] Construction began in 1979 and the building opened on April 22, 1981. Books and other materials were transferred from Schmucker Memorial Library to Musselman Library via a human chain of students, faculty and others.[25][26] In 1986, Jacobsen won both the Award for Excellence in Institutional Masonry Design and the Grand Award for Excellence in Masonry Design for his design of Musselman Library.[27]

Schmucker Hall[edit]

Gettysburg College is a well respected institution for the musically inclined. The college is home to the Sunderman Conservatory of Music, which has performed regionally and internationally.[28] Schmucker Hall houses four main classrooms, a 225-seat recital hall, a 10 station technology/piano lab, and 16 practice rooms. Two practice rooms are dedicated organ practice rooms, with a ratio of six students for one practice room.[29] A recording studio is also found within the building's walls. Choral assemblies usually perform in Christ Chapel, the campus' nondenominational structure that houses a variety of different ceremonies and seats 1,100 individuals.

Glatfelter Hall[edit]

Glatfelter Hall in the winter of 2014, during renovation

Glatfelter Hall is one of the most iconic buildings on campus. Built in 1889 as the New Recitation Building, the deep red brick and gray stone building was rededicated in 1912 to honor Philip H. Glatfelter, a trustee and generous benefactor of the college. The building was built in the Romanesque Revival style, with a tower 143 feet high.

Currently, the building features four stories and a basement, with a grandiose main staircase traversing all but the top floor. The building houses the Anthropology, Computer Science, Mathematics, Political Science, Management, and Sociology departments, along with campus management resources. It is completely handicap accessible, with an elevator traversing all floors. The topmost section of the building contains offices, seminar areas, and a small student library, as well as the entrance to the belltower. Atop the tower, Glatfelter Hall's bell can be heard across campus, ringing to mark the hour.


  • In 1929 a thorough interior renovation was implemented, providing additional windows in the north and west facades.[30]
  • Between 1989 and 1991, a tower was added for an elevator and stairwell on the south façade and the buildings large attic was refurbished for academic use.[30]
  • Between 2013 and 2014, the interior was renovated consisting of waterproofing the foundation; the addition of a new classroom and seminar room on the ground floor; and mechanical, lighting, sprinklers, and design changed throughout the building.[31]

The Science Center[edit]

The Science Center is part of a complex of two buildings. The Science Center is the newest building on campus being built in 2002. An 85,000 sq ft (7,900 m2) building,[32] the science center was designed to have first-rate scientific equipment, facilities, and resources, and has been continually renovated to include the most up to date material.[33] It includes:

  • Greenhouse and herbarium
  • 400 MHz NMR spectrometer
  • Nd:YAG laser spectrometer
  • A scanning electron microscope and transmission electron microscope
  • Specialized labs for a dozen different subjects
  • Phase contrast and epifluorescence microscopes
  • Animal rooms for endotherms and ectotherms
  • Media preparation room (with autoclave, radiation room, and a walk-in environmental chamber)
  • Multimedia 'smart' classrooms, lecture rooms, and seminar rooms
  • Computer labs
  • Dozens of other resources[34]

The main building is home to the Chemistry, Environmental Studies, and Health Sciences departments.

McCreary Hall is the other building in the complex, and is older but was renovated during the construction of the Science Center and in 2012.[32] It is home to the Biology and Psychology departments, with the latest equipment including a vast deionized pure water system, infant research lab, space for cognitive neuroscience, and many animal facilities.

Masters Hall[edit]

Masters Hall is home to the physics department, and houses several specialized labs, the largest classroom on campus (Mara Auditorium), a machine shop, and a Physics student lounge. In addition, the building also includes an indoor planetarium, Hatter Planetarium which gives students glimpses of what the night sky will look like each month.[35] It also has private shows for classes and performances on different, special topics. Some of the equipment available for student use and regularly used for professor's research includes:

  • Modernized telescopes and microscopes
  • An advanced laser research lab used for investigating plasma and laser interactions; includes 25-milliwatt He-Ne laser, two 5 watt argon ion lasers, nitrogen dye laser, and other equipment
  • Optical isolation table and optical tweezers
  • Other technology relevant to specific classes and professors' research[36]

The building houses astronomy classes and uses the campus' observatory, which is located just past the quarry. The observatory is used for undergraduate astronomical research and includes a 16-inch f/11 Ealing Cassegrain reflector, computer controlled.[37] It also houses a classroom and six Meade telescopes. Since its construction in 1996, the observatory has been a huge benefit to astronomy students and has even made several star discoveries in the early 2000s.[38] The Physics Department has supported Project CLEA for Astronomy.[39]

Brua Hall[edit]

Brua Hall is the home of the college's theater department. Kline Theatre is the building's main attraction, seating 234 people with a thrust stage and an advanced sound and lighting system, including computer lighting memory control.[40] The stage is home to many performances throughout the year, and is very often used by the theater department in addition to the student run theatre club, the Owl and Nightingale Society. Brua Hall also has a 48-seat blackbox, which with flexible playing space is constantly converted to fit the needs of the performance. The blackbox, Stevens Laboratory Theatre, is used for thesis productions from seniors as well as one-act plays written by students.[40] The building has a fully equipped scene shop facility, studio and classroom space, dressing rooms, an Actors' Lounge and reception area known as Arms Green Room, and other storage and workroom areas.

Large-scale productions are generally performed in the Majestic Theater.

Other buildings[edit]

Economics and Africana studies are housed in a former house that was fully renovated in 2013, as well as in rooms in Glatfelter Hall.

Breidenbaugh Hall and Weidensall Hall are two adjacent buildings that house the English, Asian Studies, Civil War Era Studies, Classics, Education, Globalization Studies, History, Interdisciplinary Studies, Philosophy, and Religion departments. Weidensall Hall was originally built as a YMCA building, complete with a swimming pool, but was massively renovated in 1987.[41] Both buildings feature a revived colonial design, with large columns supporting spacious porches.


Full network capabilities in all campus buildings and each residence hall room. Students have access to more than 1,300 computers and a complex system of workstations and laboratories. Wireless connectivity is available across 97% of the campus (the other 3% being the practice fields) and in all of the residence halls.

The school provides a large network of technological assistance, known as G-Tech, which is student staffed and IT supported. It offers free technical services including help with personal computers, removing adware or viruses, connecting to the college network, building computers, accessing school servers, and general troubleshooting assistance. The college's network infrastructure has been consistently updated over the past decade to keep up with student demand and modernity. In addition, the technology department has deals for students and faculty to receive discounted personal computers and programs.[42]

The campus welcomed Google in July 2012 to open the 225 acre campus to Google Streetview.[43] Prospective students are able to walk through every inch of campus to see the facilities and fields.

The Center for Athletics, Recreation and Fitness[edit]

The college broke ground on the new $25 million athletic center, named the John F. Jaeger Center for Athletics, Recreation and Fitness, on May 30, 2008.[44] The 55,000 foot Center is an upgrade from the former athletic facility, known as the Bream/Wright/Hauser Complex. Bream/Wright/Hauser still exists next to the additions. The Center opened in stages. A dedication ceremony on April 30, 2010, marked its completion.[45] The center was officially named for the 1965 alumnus John F. Jaeger on May 4, 2012.[46]

The Center features:

  • A natatorium, complete with eight lanes, four warm-up lanes, and enough space for 350 seated spectators
  • A 10,000 foot weight and cardio room complete with flat-screen TVs
  • Additional spaces for yoga, aerobics, spinning and martial arts classes
  • An upgraded training room with a Hydroworx pool
  • Rock climbing walls
  • A student lounge and dining space called "The Dive"[47][48]

The center was created in order to provide more opportunities for the high percentage of students who like to maintain their fitness regimens and engage in intramural, club sports programs, and exercise classes. About 25 percent of the student body participate in varsity sports, while over 75 percent are active in intramural sports. More space was needed, and the center is important to improve life on campus.[47]

John Jaeger, a 1965 Gettysburg College graduate, donated $1.2 million to encourage others to fund the project. Another important donor, Robert Ortenzio, provided the largest single gift by a living person in the history of the college, by giving $2 million.[47]

Campus safety[edit]

Gettysburg College's Department of Public Safety (DPS) is the primary agency responsible for the enforcement of college policies, security, and emergency response on the campus. Emergency medical services (EMS) are provided by Adams Regional EMS's MICU 54–1 and Biglerville Fire Department's MICU 6–1, when needed. The college falls under Gettysburg's Volunteer Fire Department's first-due response area.

Academics and student life[edit]

Academic rankings
Liberal arts
U.S. News & World Report[49]63
Washington Monthly[50]72
WSJ/College Pulse[52]122

As an independent institution, the college operates under a charter granted in 1832 by the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. The college is governed by a 39-member board of trustees comprising leaders from a range of professions and walks of life. Thirty of the college's trustees are graduates of Gettysburg. Gettysburg is considered a more selective college, with admission rates recently hovering around 40%. The Class of 2022 had a 45.4% acceptance rate, and Gettysburg often competes with comparable schools Dickinson and Franklin & Marshall for applicants.[53] 83% of the class of 2022 was in the top 25% of their high schools, 62% of students were in the top 10% of their school.[54]

Nearly 2,600 students, approximately one-half men and one-half women and representing 41 states, Washington, D.C., and 39 countries, attend the college. 75% of these students come from outside of Pennsylvania. Around 85% of the student body will graduate in five years,[55] and almost 60% of graduates will study at least one semester abroad. The college has high retention rates, historically hovering around 90%.[55]

The college employs 225 full-time faculty, with 100% of the permanent faculty holding a doctorate or highest earned degree in their fields. The student/faculty ratio is 10:1, with an average class size of 18 students. The college hosts one of only 19 chapters of Phi Beta Kappa in Pennsylvania, as well as 15 other academic honor societies in a variety of disciplines.[56]

Gettysburg is known to be generous with financial aid, with over 70% of students receiving some form of aid.[56] The Princeton Review has called Gettysburg a Best Value College,[57] an award given to schools with exceptional financial aid systems and high rates of employment after graduation. 94% of alumni one year after graduation were either in graduate school or employed. This distinction is given to only 150 colleges in the United States, only 8 of which are in Pennsylvania. The Princeton Review has also called Gettysburg a College That Pays You Back, ranking the college 11th in Best Schools for Internships,[58] one of only four liberal arts colleges to make the top 25.

Academic programs[edit]

Gettysburg College offers numerous fields of study and four possible degrees; Bachelor of Arts, Bachelor of Science, Bachelor of Music, and Bachelor of Music Education.[59]

In addition to its many majors and minors, the college offers several programs. Students may petition to design their own, individual, major. The major must consist of at least 17 courses, including a methods course and a 400-level capstone. Students design a curriculum of their own and choose a faculty advisor. During the senior year, the student takes a 400-level individualized study capstone which is the culmination of their program.[60]

An engineering program is offered as a five-year, Dual Degree program in conjunction with Columbia University, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Washington University in St. Louis, and University of Pittsburgh. Engineering students may choose any of these schools to travel to, taking three courses of liberal arts, mathematics, and physics at Gettysburg College, and two years of advanced engineering and physics classes at their chosen university. Upon completion of the program, students are awarded a Bachelor of Arts degree from Gettysburg College and a Bachelor of Science degree in an engineering discipline from one of the affiliated institutions.

The most popular majors, by 2021 graduates, were:[61]

Econometrics & Quantitative Economics (64)
Political Science & Government (64)
Health Sciences (60)
Business Administration & Management (56)
History (38)
Experimental Psychology (35)
Environmental Studies (34)
Biology/Biological Sciences (33)

Sunderman Conservatory of Music[edit]

Music at Gettysburg College began in 1900 with a glee club and a guitar and mandolin club. It wasn't until 1934 that music classes were first taught at Gettysburg College; Professor Frederick Shaffer taught music appreciation. The following year the college hired Parker Wagnild to direct a new choir open to both men and women. Wagnild would graduate from the Gettysburg Theological Seminary with a divinity degree in 1937, and would then be hired as an English professor by the college to continue directing the choir. After Wagnild received a master's degree from New York University in 1948, a music department was established at Gettysburg College with Wagnild as the chair. He received an honorary doctorate of music from Thiel College in 1972, as well as an honorary doctorate of divinity from Gettysburg College.[62]

Today, Gettysburg College is home to the Sunderman Conservatory of Music, which was established in 2006. Sunderman bequeathed $14 million, a large library of scores and parts, and a collection of 18th and 19th century violins and bows to Gettysburg College.[63]

The Sunderman Conservatory of Music offers a Bachelor of Arts in music and a Bachelor of Music in Performance with tracks for Voice, Keyboard, Strings, and Winds/Percussion. The conservatory also offers a Bachelor of Music Education with students completing all requisite classes in seven semesters and teaching in their eighth.[64]

Major ensembles include a Symphony Orchestra, a Wind Symphony and the College Choir. Students can also perform in the jazz band, jazz combo, as well as numerous chamber ensembles.[65] The Bullets Marching Band, and ensemble of 100-120 student from within and outside the conservatory, performs every fall at home football games, and is routinely selected to perform as a part of the Collegiate Marching Band Festival in Allentown, PA.[66] Students in these ensembles have opportunities to perform within the conservatory, throughout the college, and abroad with major ensembles touring nationally and internationally.[67][68]

Performance venues for the Sunderman Conservatory include Paul Recital Hall in Schmucker Hall; Christ Chapel, the college's center for religious and spiritual life; and the Majestic Theater, an 816-seat theater renovated in 2004–2005 that serves as the conservatory's main performance venue.[69]

Greek organizations[edit]

There are several fraternities and sororities on campus. Students can only rush as sophomores. Around 1/3 of all students are involved in some form of Greek life, and around 1/2 of eligible students are involved in Greek life.[3]

Activities and traditions[edit]

The college boasts a wide variety of different events on campus, with an estimated 3,200 cultural events occurring during a four-year period.[3]


There are more than 120 clubs and organizations on campus, focusing on areas of interest such as community service, art and music, theater and media, academics, student government, career fields, LGBTQA[70] and outdoor adventure. These provide students with over 1,000 leadership opportunities each year, in addition to trips to surrounding metropolitan areas.

There are resources for Jewish, Buddhist, Christian, Muslim, atheist, and Hindu students. The college provides nondenominational worship in the campus chapel and Glatfelter Lodge, and various resources for religious holidays.[71]

First year walk[edit]

On November 19, 1863, students marched through town to the National Cemetery to hear President Abraham Lincoln deliver his now famous Gettysburg Address. In 2003, Peter Holloran, a Gettysburg graduate and marketing consultant to the college proposed recreating the walk to promote community among students and the town.[72] The Orientation Chair at the time, Lindsay Morlock, saw the walk as an opportunity to encourage new students to step "off campus from day one" and "acknowledge the history of Gettysburg College".[73] Since the first walk on August 28, 2003, first year students have marched along the same one-mile path to be welcomed into town and hear the same words spoken over a century ago.[74] Faculty, students, and townspeople cheer the arriving first-years along their walk as the main streets of town shut down to participate.[75]

Twilight hour[edit]

Upon completion of the first semester, first-year students walk from the college union building to Pennsylvania Hall along paths illuminated by upperclassmen holding candles. Initially known as the Twilight Walk, the name was changed to Twilight Hour for the class of 2020 in 2017. The tradition is designed to welcome first-year students into alumni status, and involves the passing of a Class Book to the college president and the singing of the college's alma mater.[75] The tradition was discontinued in 2019 by the college's Office of Student Activities and Greek Life.[76]

Thanksgiving dinner[edit]

Every Thanksgiving the dining center opens to serve dinner. Students organize themselves and their friends into groups of 8–14 people and receive unlimited turkey, mashed potatoes, stuffing, pumpkin pie, and more, served by professors and administrators. It is common practice for the president of the college to serve a table.[75]


Every spring, the weekend before finals the college hosts a well known musician on a constructed main stage in Stine Lake. Other musicians perform in the Attic, the campus' night club. The end of the term is celebrated with concerts, free food, merriment and play. It is common for there to be blow-up obstacle courses, and free beer for students of age.[75]


Twenty-four sports programs for both men and women participate in NCAA Division III. Gettysburg has earned the distinction of having the best win–loss record in the Centennial Conference for the past 14 years.[when?]

Twenty-five percent of Gettysburg's students participate in intercollegiate programs, which include twelve sports for men and twelve sports for women. Although the mascot for Gettysburg College is the Bullet, there is no official Bullet mascot at sporting events. In 2014, 1000 to 1: The Cory Weissman Story was filmed at Gettysburg College. Cory Weissman was a student-athlete who had a stroke before his freshman basketball season.

Notable alumni[edit]


Arts and entertainment[edit]





Notable faculty[edit]



  1. ^ As of June 30, 2020. U.S. and Canadian Institutions Listed by Fiscal Year 2020 Endowment Market Value and Change in Endowment Market Value from FY19 to FY20 (PDF) (Report). National Association of College and University Business Officers and TIAA. February 19, 2021. Retrieved February 20, 2021.
  2. ^ "President's Biography". Gettysburg College. Archived from the original on July 14, 2019. Retrieved July 14, 2019.
  3. ^ a b c "Gettysburg College – Facts and Figures". Gettysburg.edu.
  4. ^ "Gettysburg College - Athletics". Gettysburg.edu.
  5. ^ Glatfelter, Charles H. (1987). A Salutary Influence: Gettysburg College, 1832–1985. Mechanicsburg, PA: Gettysburg College. p. 16.
  6. ^ Morton, Samuel George (1849). Biographical Notice of the Late George McClellan, M. D. . Philadelphia: College of Physicians of Philadelphia – via Wikisource.
  7. ^ Darrach, William (1847). Memoir of George McClellan, M.D. . Philadelphia: King & Baird – via Wikisource.
  8. ^ "Extinct Philadelphia Medical Schools". Philadelphia Medical History and the University of Pennsylvania. University of Pennsylvania, University Archives and Records Center. Archived from the original on April 23, 2018. Retrieved April 27, 2015.
  9. ^ Nesbitt, Mark (1991). Ghosts of Gettysburg: Spirits, Apparitions and Haunted Places of the Battlefield. Thomas Publications. ISBN 978-0939631414.
  10. ^ "Institutional Profile: Gettysburg College". HigherEdJobs. HigherEdJobs.com. Retrieved May 12, 2014.
  11. ^ "About the Eisenhower Institute". The Eisenhower Institute at Gettysburg College. The Eisenhower Institute. Retrieved May 12, 2014.
  12. ^ Dalton, Andrew. "Gettysburg College Through Time". Andrewdalton2019.sites.gettysburg.edu. Retrieved June 15, 2017.
  13. ^ "Gettysburg College - The Value of Visiting". Gettysburg College. Retrieved May 12, 2014.
  14. ^ "Majestic Theater - Behind the Scenes". Archived from the original on February 10, 2015. Retrieved March 8, 2015.
  15. ^ "Gettysburg College - Majestic Theater Facilities". Archived from the original on March 10, 2015. Retrieved March 8, 2015.
  16. ^ "Gettysburg College – Musselman Library". Gettysburg.edu.[permanent dead link]
  17. ^ "MUSCAT – Musselman Library Catalog". library.gettysburg.edu.
  18. ^ "Musselman Library's journal locator". Ll3ep3kc7k.search.serialssolutions.com. Retrieved August 10, 2017.
  19. ^ "Gettysburg College – A-Z Databases". Musselman Library Research Guides.
  20. ^ "Gettysburg College – Current Exhibits". Gettysburg.edu. Archived from the original on August 29, 2015. Retrieved August 14, 2015.
  21. ^ "Gettysburg College Institutional Repository". Cupola.gettysburg.edu. Retrieved August 10, 2017.
  22. ^ "Gettysburg College – Special Collections & College Archives". Gettysburg.edu.
  23. ^ "Gettysburg College – GettDigital Collections". Gettysburg.edu.
  24. ^ "The Council of Independent Colleges: Historic Campus Architecture Project". hcap.artstor.org. Retrieved September 22, 2015.
  25. ^ a b Glatfelter, Charles H. (1987). "A Salutary Influence: Gettysburg College, 1832–1985". Gettysburg College Faculty Books. Gettysburg College: 849.
  26. ^ "Gettysburg College – Happy 25th Birthday Musselman Library". Gettysburg.edu. Archived from the original on August 10, 2017. Retrieved September 22, 2015.
  27. ^ "Jacobsen Architecture-awards". Hughjacobsen.com. Archived from the original on September 13, 2015. Retrieved September 22, 2015.
  28. ^ "Gettysburg College – Wind Symphony/Selected Strings Asia Tour 2014". Gettysburg.edu. Archived from the original on March 10, 2018.
  29. ^ "Gettysburg College - Inside Schmucker Hall". Archived from the original on March 10, 2015. Retrieved March 8, 2015.
  30. ^ a b "The Council of Independent Colleges: Historic Campus Architecture Project". 403 Forbidden. Retrieved July 22, 2015.
  31. ^ "Glatfelter Hall renovation in full swing; underground construction photos and video". Gettysburg College. September 3, 2013. Archived from the original on January 11, 2019. Retrieved July 22, 2015.
  32. ^ a b "Gettysburg College – Science Center & McCreary Hall – Barton Associates". Ba-inc.com. Retrieved August 10, 2017.
  33. ^ "PKAL » Science Center". Archived from the original on April 2, 2015. Retrieved March 8, 2015.
  34. ^ "Gettysburg College – Chemistry Department Facilities". Gettysburg.edu.
  35. ^ "Hatter Planetarium - Gettysburg College". Archived from the original on April 2, 2015. Retrieved March 8, 2015.
  36. ^ "Gettysburg College – Physics Department Facilities". Gettysburg.edu.
  37. ^ "Gettysburg College – The Observatory". Gettysburg.edu.
  38. ^ Marschall, Laurence A. "GETTYSBURG COLLEGE OBSERVATORY HOME PAGE". public.gettysburg.edu.
  39. ^ "Planetarium". doi:10.1036/1097-8542.522000. {{cite journal}}: Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  40. ^ a b "Gettysburg College – Facilities". Gettysburg.edu. Archived from the original on September 10, 2018.
  41. ^ Gettysburg College (May 19, 2009). "A Brief History of Weidensall Hall presented by Professor Michael Birkner". Archived from the original on November 18, 2021 – via YouTube.
  42. ^ "Gettysburg College – Purchasing Computers and Software". Gettysburg.edu.
  43. ^ "Gettysburg College – Virtual Tour". Gettysburg.edu. Archived from the original on March 9, 2015. Retrieved March 8, 2015.
  44. ^ Murphy, Jan (May 28, 2008). "Gettysburg College will break ground on $25 million athletic facility". Penn Live. Retrieved May 12, 2014.
  45. ^ "Gettysburg College to dedicate new athletic center, add name to its Benefactors Wall". News @ Gettysburg. Gettysburg College. April 27, 2010. Archived from the original on June 19, 2017. Retrieved May 12, 2014.
  46. ^ Gettysburg College (May 2, 2012). "Center set for Naming Ceremony". Retrieved May 16, 2012.
  47. ^ a b c Gettysburg Alumni Page, Gettysburg College's alumni page description of the Center.
  48. ^ Gettysburg Sports Page, Gettysburg College's sports page.
  49. ^ "Best Colleges 2024: National Liberal Arts Colleges". U.S. News & World Report. Retrieved September 20, 2023.
  50. ^ "2023 Liberal Arts Rankings". Washington Monthly. Retrieved September 25, 2023.
  51. ^ "Forbes America's Top Colleges List 2023". Forbes. Retrieved September 22, 2023.
  52. ^ "2024 Best Colleges in the U.S." The Wall Street Journal/College Pulse. Retrieved January 27, 2024.
  53. ^ "Gettysburg College - Class Profile". Gettysburg College. Retrieved May 12, 2014.
  54. ^ "Gettysburg College – Class Profile". Gettysburg.edu. Retrieved October 5, 2016.
  55. ^ a b "Facts & Figures: Student body". Gettysburg College. Archived from the original on May 12, 2014. Retrieved May 12, 2014.
  56. ^ a b "Gettysburg College – At a glance". Gettysburg.edu. Archived from the original on May 9, 2017. Retrieved October 5, 2016.
  57. ^ Gettysburg, 300 North Washington Street; top, Pennsylvania 17325 717 337 6300 Back to. "Gettysburg named a". Gettysburg College. Retrieved October 5, 2016.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
  58. ^ Gettysburg, 300 North Washington Street; top, Pennsylvania 17325 717 337 6300 Back to. "Gettysburg ranked No. 11 in nation for internship opportunities by The Princeton Review". Gettysburg College. Retrieved October 5, 2016.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
  59. ^ "Gettysburg College - Degree Requirements". www.gettysburg.edu. Archived from the original on May 9, 2018. Retrieved May 8, 2018.
  60. ^ "Gettysburg College – Individual Major". Gettysburg.edu. Archived from the original on March 9, 2015. Retrieved March 8, 2015.
  61. ^ "Gettysburg College". nces.ed.gov. U.S. Dept of Education. Retrieved February 8, 2023.
  62. ^ Bonnes, Stephanie. Hidden in Plain Sight: Parker B. Wagnild Painting in Schmucker Hall. Gettysburg College. Gettysburg.edu. Spring 2006. Accessed May 8, 2018. http://www.gettysburg.edu/library/gettdigital/hidden/bonnes_paper.pdf Archived October 20, 2016, at the Wayback Machine
  63. ^ "Gettysburg College - Record gift to establish music conservatory at Gettysburg College". www.gettysburg.edu. Archived from the original on March 9, 2018. Retrieved May 8, 2018.
  64. ^ "Gettysburg College - Conservatory Scholarships". www.gettysburg.edu. Archived from the original on May 9, 2018. Retrieved May 8, 2018.
  65. ^ "Gettysburg College - Ensembles". www.gettysburg.edu. Archived from the original on May 8, 2018. Retrieved May 8, 2018.
  66. ^ "Collegiate Marching Band Festival". Vivace Productions. October 4, 2014. Archived from the original on October 1, 2021. Retrieved May 8, 2018.
  67. ^ "Gettysburg College - College Choir Tour". www.gettysburg.edu. Archived from the original on March 10, 2018. Retrieved May 8, 2018.
  68. ^ "Gettysburg College - Wind Symphony Prague Tour 2018". www.gettysburg.edu. Archived from the original on May 9, 2018. Retrieved May 8, 2018.
  69. ^ "Gettysburg College - Visiting the Conservatory". www.gettysburg.edu. Archived from the original on May 9, 2018. Retrieved May 8, 2018.
  70. ^ "Gettysburg College – LGBTQA". Gettysburg.edu. Archived from the original on July 19, 2017. Retrieved June 26, 2017.
  71. ^ "Gettysburg College – Religious and Spiritual Life". Gettysburg.edu. Archived from the original on April 23, 2017. Retrieved March 8, 2015.
  72. ^ Kanagy, Beth. "First Year Walk". Gettysburg Times. Retrieved June 15, 2017.
  73. ^ Kanagy, Beth. "First Year Walk". Retrieved June 15, 2017.
  74. ^ "Gettysburg College First Year Walk". Gettysburg.edu. Archived from the original on June 20, 2017. Retrieved June 15, 2017.
  75. ^ a b c d "Gettysburg College – All Traditions". Gettysburg.edu. Archived from the original on June 20, 2017. Retrieved March 8, 2015.
  76. ^ "Students Reflect on New and Changed Traditions at the College". The Gettysburgian. May 5, 2023. Retrieved May 6, 2024.
  77. ^ "Distinguished Alumni Award Citations". Gettysburg College Alumni and Friends. Archived from the original on March 23, 2017. Retrieved March 22, 2017.
  78. ^ Nails, Katie (2019). "In memoriam: William R. "Bill" Fleischman. Jr". The Review. University of Delaware. Retrieved January 8, 2022.
  79. ^ Greene, Sean (May 1, 2019). "Fleischman, former Philly Daily News sports reporter & UD professor, dies". WDEL (AM). Wilmington, Delaware. Retrieved January 8, 2022.
  80. ^ Susan King (February 7, 2011). "Cameraman turns his lens on his peers". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved August 20, 2012. ... Owen Roizman has spent his career behind a camera, first as the five-time Oscar-nominated cinematographer of such classics as 1971's "The French Connection,"
  81. ^ "Owen and Eric Roizman – Two Biographies". Local 600 International Cinematographers Guild. February 8, 2003. Retrieved August 20, 2012. Roizman majored in math and physics at Gettysburg College ... The following year, he earned the first of five Oscar nominations for his work on The French Connection. During the subsequent 11 years, Roizman compiled a total of 18 narrative film credits, including Oscar nominations for The Exorcist, Network and Tootsie.
  82. ^ Richard W. Solberg, Lutheran Higher Education in North America (1885), p. 64

External links[edit]