Geydar Dzhemal

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Geydar Jemal
Geidar Dzhemal.jpeg
Born (1947-06-10)10 June 1947
Moscow, Russia
Died 5 December 2016(2016-12-05) (aged 69)
Almaty, Kazakhstan
Education Moscow State University (expelled)
Occupation Political Islam
Years active 2011–2016
Children Orhan Dzhemal
Kausar Dzhemal

Geydar Dzhahidovich Dzhemal (Russian: Гейда́р Джахи́дович Джема́ль, Azerbaijani: Heydər Cahid oğlu Camal, sometimes transliterated as Heydar Jamal; 10 June 1947 – 5 December 2016) was a Russian Islamic revolutionist, philosopher, poet, and political and social activist.

Dzhemal was the founder and chairman of the Islamic Committee of Russia.[1][2]


Dzhemal's maternal grandfather, Shapovalov, was the director of the Maly Theatre and First Deputy Minister of Culture of the Soviet Union. Irina Shapovalova gave birth to Geydar at age 18, divorcing his Azerbaijani father soon afterwards. Her second marriage was to a military seaman, who moved with her to Estonia (then the Estonian SSR). A few years later, with a third husband, she returned to Moscow. Dzhemal was raised by his grandparents.

In 1965, after graduation from school and with assistance from his grandfather, Dzhemal entered the Institute of Oriental Languages at Moscow State University, but a year later was expelled "for bourgeois nationalism".[3] He then took a job as an editor at "Medicine" Publishing House, where he met a graduate of the Moscow State University, Ilya Moskvin. He worked at the "Medicine" as an editor and edited many books on psychiatry.

In the mid-1970s, friends advised Dzhemal, who was interested in psychiatry, to feign a mental illness in order to solve some problems with the police, who tried to prosecute him "for parasitism". This worked as he was subsequently registered at a psychiatric institution. By that time, Dzhemal was already married; he raised his son Orkhan ("Yury").

Dzhemal died on December 5, 2016. He was 69 years old.


Since 1979, he was active in the underground All-Soviet Islamic movement. In the late 1980s, together with Aleksandr Dugin, Dzhemal became a member of the nationalist Pamyat Society, but then disassociated with the organization completely. In 1990, Dzhemal took part in the creation of the Islamskaya Partiya Vozrozhdeniya (Islamic Renaissance Party) in Astrakhan and became a deputy chairman of the party. In the same year he established an information center "Tauhid". From 1991 to 1993, he published the newspaper Al-Vakhdat (Unity). From 1993 to 1996, Dzhemal put on a few TV shows on Islamic issues (Nyne (Today), Minaret, etc.). In 1998, Dzhemal did a lecture tour in South Africa. In 1999, at the Orthodox-Islamic conference in St. Petersburg he put forward the thesis of the possibility of an anti-imperialist strategic alliance between people of Islam and Orthodox Christianity's spirituality.

Dzhemal was among the 34 first signatories of the online anti-Vladimir Putin manifesto, "Putin must go", published on 10 March 2010.

Dzhemal commented on the Armenian-Azerbaijani Nagorno-Karabakh conflict.[4]


Dzhemal's political analysis can be characterized as Islamic Marxism. In Dzhemal's writing, Marxism and Islam are both characterized by eschatology, and the Islamic ummah play the messianic role of Marx's proletariat in ushering in the final stage of history. The modern world, in which imperialism has been replaced by what Dzhemal calls mundialization, has at its core a conflict between transnational corporations and the government of the United States. The transnational corporations are run by a "superelite," which has its roots in European (and primarily British) aristocratic families. He believes that the events on September 11th are a grandiose provocation of superelite against the United States and the Islamic world. He has called Osama bin Laden and Taliban "creatures CIA" and Zionism together with the KGB, tools leading the superelite to domination over a planet.

In philosophy of religion, Dzhemal has drawn on the tradition of German Romanticism to distinguish the religion of prophets (which he sees as the religion of passionate expression) and the religion of priests. He believes that the prophets in the tradition of Abraham began from a position of creativity and novelty, while priests are always fierce advocates of tradition. True religion, Dzhema believed is the religion of faith and death. Dzhemal did not accept all of the sects of Islam. He rejects Sufism, the Hashemite Islam of the Arab establishment and "the rule of the Turkic elements" that he believes has led to stagnation.

The anthropology of Dzhemal is based on a dichotomy of a divine spark and "clay" in the person.

List of works[edit]

Year Title Publisher ISBN Language
2003 Orientation - North Ultra.Kultura ISBN 5-98042-018-5 (in Russian)
2003 The Revolution of the Prophets Ultra.Kultura ISBN 5-98042-018-5 (in Russian)
2004 Exemption of Islam UMMA ISBN 5-98587-006-5 (in Russian)
2004 A Window Into the Night. Poems Ekaterinburg: Ultra.Kultura ISBN 5-9681-0020-6 (in Russian)
2005 Islamic Intellectual Initiative in the 20th Century (under the general editorship of Mr. Dzhemal) UMMAH ISBN 5-98587-017-0 (in Russian)
2010 Dawud vs Jalut (David vs. Goliath) Social and Political Thought ISBN 978-5-91579-046-8 (in Russian)
2010 Wall of Zulkarnayn Social and Political Thought ISBN 978-5-91579-047-5 (in Russian)
2010 Fusils and Karamultuks Social and Political Thought ISBN 978-5-91579-040-6 (in Russian)


  1. ^ Taratorin, Dimitry (July 26, 2004). Гейдар Джемаль "Власть берет человека на заметку" (in Russian). Новые Известия. Archived from the original on January 9, 2013. Retrieved 11 February 2011. 
  2. ^ Ragozin, Leonid (14 October 2005). "Russian Islam goes its own way". BBC Online. BBC News. Retrieved 11 February 2011. 
  3. ^ Гейдар Джемаль (in Russian). Russian Expert Review. Retrieved 11 February 2011. 
  4. ^ Hasanov, A. (15 February 2010). "Heydar Jamal: By His London Speech Armenian President Announced His Consent to Withdraw From Azerbaijan's Occupied Lands". Retrieved 14 February 2014. 

External links[edit]