Gezer (kibbutz)

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Gezer
גֶּזֶר
Kibbutzgezer.JPG
Gezer is located in Central Israel
Gezer
Gezer
Coordinates: 31°52′31.07″N 34°55′17.03″E / 31.8752972°N 34.9213972°E / 31.8752972; 34.9213972Coordinates: 31°52′31.07″N 34°55′17.03″E / 31.8752972°N 34.9213972°E / 31.8752972; 34.9213972
District Central
Council Gezer
Affiliation Kibbutz Movement
Founded 1945
Founded by European immigrants
Population (2017)[1] 274

Gezer (Hebrew: גֶּזֶר‬) is a kibbutz in central Israel. Located in the Shephelah between Modi'in, Ramle and Rehovot, it falls under the jurisdiction of Gezer Regional Council. In 2017 it had a population of 274.[1]

History[edit]

The kibbutz was established in 1945 on land purchased by the Ancient Order of Maccabeans in England,[2] a philanthropic society founded in 1896.[3] The pioneers were immigrants from Europe, who named the kibbutz after the biblical city of Gezer (Joshua 21:21), identified as a tell (archaeological mound) located nearby.[4]

On 10 June 1948, the day after an attempt to take Latrun was performed by Yiftah and Harel brigades during the 1948 Arab–Israeli War, a battalion-size force of the Arab Legion, supported by irregulars and a dozen of armored cars, attacked the kibbutz. This was defended by 68 Haganah soldiers. After four hours of battle, the kibbutz fell. 39 defenders were killed, a dozen escaped, and the remaining were taken prisoner. Two Arab legionnaires were killed. At the evening, the kibbutz abandoned to the irregulars was taken back by two Palmach squads.[5]

Kibbutz Gezer in 1948

After the war it was rebuilt, but came apart in 1964 due to social difficulties. The current kibbutz was founded on 4 July 1974, by a Gar'in from North America.

Kibbutz Gezer Field is one of the few regulation baseball fields in Israel.[4] Construction of the field in 1983, funded by American donors, took six weeks. The first game was played within a few months. A backstop, covered benches for players and a refreshment stand were added at a later date. In 1989, a scoreboard and outfield fence were erected for the Maccabiah Games.[6]

Since 2014, a red-hair event has been held at the Kibbutz for the local Israeli red hair community.[7] However, the number of attendees has to be restricted due to the risk of rocket attacks, leading to anger in the red-hair community.[8]

Notable residents[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "List of localities, in Alphabetical order" (PDF). Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved August 26, 2018.
  2. ^ Encyclopedia Judaica, Volume 7, Gezer, p.536.
  3. ^ Order of Ancient Maccabeans Jewish Virtual Library
  4. ^ a b Mapa's concise gazetteer of Israel (in Hebrew). Yuval Elʻazari (ed.). Tel-Aviv: Mapa Publishing. 2005. p. 108. ISBN 965-7184-34-7.
  5. ^ Benny Morris, 1948, (2008), pp.229-230.
  6. ^ Out there: Kibbutz Gezer; King Solomon's Nines New York Times, 23 August 1992
  7. ^ "Israel holds first conference for 'gingers'". Al-monitor.com. 29 August 2014. Retrieved 19 August 2017.
  8. ^ Finally, a Red Alert This Summer That (Most) Israelis Welcomed Roy Arad, Haaretz.com, August 30, 2014

External links[edit]