|Founded by||European immigrants|
Gezer (Hebrew: גֶּזֶר) is a kibbutz in central Israel. Located in the Shephelah between Modi'in, Ramle and Rehovot, it falls under the jurisdiction of Gezer Regional Council. In 2018 it had a population of 286.
The kibbutz was established in 1945 on land purchased by the Ancient Order of Maccabeans in England, a philanthropic society founded in 1896. The pioneers were immigrants from Europe, who named the kibbutz after the biblical city of Gezer (Joshua 21:21), identified as a tell (archaeological mound) located nearby.
On 10 June 1948, the day after an attempt to take Latrun was performed by Yiftah and Harel brigades during the 1948 Arab–Israeli War, a battalion-size force of the Arab Legion, supported by irregulars and a dozen of armored cars, attacked the kibbutz. This was defended by 68 Haganah soldiers. After four hours of battle, the kibbutz fell. 39 defenders were killed, a dozen escaped, and the remaining were taken prisoner. Two Arab legionnaires were killed. At the evening, the kibbutz abandoned to the irregulars was taken back by two Palmach squads.
Kibbutz Gezer Field is one of the few regulation baseball fields in Israel. Construction of the field in 1983, funded by American donors, took six weeks. The first game was played within a few months. A backstop, covered benches for players and a refreshment stand were added at a later date. In 1989, a scoreboard and outfield fence were erected for the Maccabiah Games.
Since 2014, a red-hair event has been held at the Kibbutz for the local Israeli red hair community. However, the number of attendees has to be restricted due to the risk of rocket attacks, leading to anger in the red-hair community.
- Alon Leichman, baseball player and coach
- Gezer (biblical city) and the Sack of Gezer
- Gezer calendar - ancient artifact
- Israel Baseball League
- "Population in the Localities 2018" (XLS). Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. 25 August 2019. Retrieved 26 August 2019.
- Encyclopedia Judaica, Volume 7, Gezer, p.536.
- Order of Ancient Maccabeans Jewish Virtual Library
- Mapa's concise gazetteer of Israel (in Hebrew). Yuval Elʻazari (ed.). Tel-Aviv: Mapa Publishing. 2005. p. 108. ISBN 965-7184-34-7.CS1 maint: others (link)
- Benny Morris, 1948, (2008), pp.229-230.
- Out there: Kibbutz Gezer; King Solomon's Nines New York Times, 23 August 1992
- "Israel holds first conference for 'gingers'". Al-monitor.com. 29 August 2014. Retrieved 19 August 2017.
- Finally, a Red Alert This Summer That (Most) Israelis Welcomed Roy Arad, Haaretz.com, August 30, 2014