Ghana National Petroleum Corporation

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Ghana National Petroleum Corporation
IndustryOil and gas industry
Founded1983 (1983)
Key people
K. K. Sarpong (CEO)[1]
OwnerGovernment of Ghana

The Ghana National Petroleum Corporation (GNPC) is the state agency responsible for the exploration, licensing, and distribution of petroleum-related activities in Ghana.[2]


The corporation was established in 1983 to replace the Petroleum Department which was an agency under the Ministry of Fuel and Power.[3][4] The department was responsible for the importation of crude oil and petroleum products for the Ghanaian economy.[2] The mandate for oil exploration was held to be the Technical Directorate of the Ministry of Fuel and Power and the Geological Survey Department. The corporation was created to promote the Government of Ghana's objective of supplying adequate and reliable petroleum for the country and the discovery of crude oil in the country's territories.


The corporation was established as a state-owned company with the statutory backing of PNDC Laws 64 and 84. The laws mandated the corporation to engage in exploration, production and disposal of petroleum products. The laws also established the legal structure that informed the corporation in contractual agreements between the Government of Ghana and private oil exploration companies. In 1987, the Petroleum Income Tax Law were added to the corporation's mandate to permit it to tax various petroleum products for consumption. The law was the PNDC Law 188.


The corporation has amongst it functions to promote petroleum exploration activities, to appraise existing petroleum discoveries, to ensure that Ghana benefit the most from the development of the country's petroleum resources. The corporation promotes the training of Ghanaians in petroleum related activities and ensure environmental protection in all petroleum related activities.

Jubilee fields[edit]

Jubilee Oil Field of the Ghana National Petroleum Corporation (GNPC) and National Petroleum Authority located off the coast of the Western Region in Ghana in the South Atlantic Ocean.

The corporation announced in 2007 that the Petroleum Agreement signed in 2004 between Ghana represented by the Ministry of Energy and the Corporation, on the one hand, and Kosmos Energy HC and its partners had yielded in the discovery of oil in commercial quantities.[5] Production of crude oil begun in December 2010. The country's oil fields are known as Jubilee fields and is situated at Cape Three Points in the Western region of the country. The corporation has controlling stake in all the oil wells that produce crude oil. In April 2011, GNPC confirmed that it had an initial 10% interest in a new oil discovery at the Paradise prospect offshore Ghana. The discovery was announced in April 2011 by Hess Corporation, a New York-based oil company.[6] In June 2011, the corporation lifted 135,675 metric tonnes of Jubilee crude oil from the FPSO Kwame Nkrumah. This represented crude oil on behalf of the Ghana Group, comprising the Government of Ghana (GoG) and GNPC. It represented the first lifting of crude oil from the Jubilee fields. The barrels lifted comprised accumulated government royalties of 37,557 metric tonnes and accumulated GNPC’s 13.75 per cent participating interest entitlement of 98,119 metric tonnes.[7]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Alex Mould heads GNPC". 6 October 2013. Retrieved 20 February 2014.
  2. ^ a b "About GNPC". Archived from the original on 1 December 2011. Retrieved 4 June 2011.
  3. ^ Yire, Iddi (2017-12-31). "GNPC wins two awards". Ghana News Agency. Retrieved 2018-05-21. GNPC was established in 1983 under the Ghana National Petroleum Corporation (GNPC) Law 1983, PNDC Law 64 and started operations in 1985.
  4. ^ "Ghana National Petroleum Corporation (GNPC)". State Enterprises Commission - Ghana. Retrieved 2018-05-21. Prior to the establishment of GNPC in 1983
  5. ^ "SIGNIFICANT OIL DISCOVERY IN GHANA". Archived from the original on 25 March 2012. Retrieved 5 June 2011.
  6. ^ "GNPC confirms 10% initial interest in newly found oil in Ghana". Retrieved 5 June 2011.
  7. ^ "GNPC Lifts 994,691 Barrels Of Crude Oil". Retrieved 5 June 2011.