Ghana National Science and Maths Quiz
|National Science and Maths Quiz|
|Presented by||Elsie Effah Kaufmann|
|Country of origin||Ghana|
|Original release||1993 –|
The National Science and Maths Quiz is an annual science and mathematics content-based national level quiz competition for senior high schools in Ghana. It has been produced by Primetime Limited, an education-interest advertising and public relations agency, since 1993.
The objective of the National Science & Maths Quiz is to promote the study of the sciences and mathematics, help students develop quick thinking and a probing and scientific mind about the everyday world around them, while fostering healthy academic rivalry among senior high schools.
The quiz, originally sponsored by "Brillant Soap", is popularly referred to as “Brilla” by many who have gone through the secondary school system and it is one of the few academic events that brings all of Ghana's secondary schools together. The National Science and Maths Quiz is the longest running educational programme on Ghanaian television. It is broadcast on GTV during the quiz season every Saturday at 11am and Wednesdays at 4pm.
The idea for the production of a quiz programme aimed at encouraging the study of the sciences and mathematics was not mooted at a national science fair or conference. It happened on the tennis court of the University of Ghana, Legon in 1993. Kwaku Mensa-Bonsu, then Managing Director of Primetime, was on the court to play a tennis game with his playmates, the late Professors Marian Ewurama Addy and Ebenezer Kweku Awotwe. Mensa-Bonsu was curious as to why birds could stand on a live electric wire without getting electrocuted, but human beings could not do same. From Awotwe's explanation, Mensa-Bonsu got the idea of putting together a quiz programme on science and maths.
When the quiz started, it involved only 32 schools across the country, and these were divided into the Northern Sector and Southern Sector, with 16 schools per sector. Winners in both sectors were then brought to Accra for the national championship. Prempeh College won the maiden edition.
In 1997, the geographical sector system was abandoned, and two northern sector schools (from the old format), Opoku Ware School and Prempeh College made it to the finals where Opoku Ware School won their first trophy.
In 1998, the tournament became known as the National Science & Maths Quiz, when it lost its sponsorship from Brillant Soap. Subsequently, in 2012, the Ghana Education Service, through the Conference of Heads of Assisted Schools took up the sponsorship of the programme. In terms of participation, beginning in 2000, the number of schools was increased to 40. The number of participating schools again, was increased in 2013 up to 81, although 66 ultimately showed up for the competition. Thus, the participation format was changed to a three-team contest instead of the two-team contest which had characterized the competition since its inception in 1993. To give the programme a national character, the quiz has since 2014 involved 135 schools from all parts of Ghana. Since 2014, 108 schools are selected from regional competitions to join 27 seeded schools (quarter-finalists from the previous year's competition) at the National Championships.
The first quiz mistress was the late Professor Marian Ewurama Addy, a professor of biochemistry at the University of Ghana, Legon. She was quiz-mistress from 1993 till 2000. “When in 1993/94, during the planning of a televised quiz programme on Science, I was asked to be the Quiz Mistress, I could not say No”, she wrote in her memoir, Rewards: An Autobiography. “I was interested in females becoming scientists and this was an opportunity to invite the young ones to become scientists…I thought that this was a most effective way of being a role model,” she added. In recognition of her contribution to promoting the study of Science and Mathematics among girls through the NSMQ, Prof. Addy was named the Marketing Woman of the Year by the Chartered Institute of Marketing Ghana in 1995.
Eureka Emefa Adomako, a botanist at the University of Ghana, Legon, took over as quiz-mistress from 2001 to 2005, having been recommended by Prof. Addy. Dr. Adomako took charge of the programme until she had to leave for postgraduate studies. Before leaving, just as Prof. Addy recommended her as quiz mistress, Dr. Adomako recommended that Dr. Kaufmann take over as quiz mistress.
In 2006, Dr. Elsie Effah Kaufmann, the founding Head of the Biomedical Engineering Department at the University of Ghana, Legon, took over as quiz mistress. Over the past ten years, she has succeeded in bringing her own style to the programme, occasionally injecting some humour into an otherwise formal programme. As the chairperson of the moderation team, Dr. Kaufmann is supported by a team of consultants made up of Prof. W. A. Asomaning, Dr. Ebenezer Owusu, Dr. Amos Kuditcher and Dr. Douglas Adu-Gyamfi, all of the University of Ghana, Legon.
Presbyterian Boys' Secondary School, (PRESEC-Legon) has been the most successful school in the quiz so far, having been to the finals a record 9 times and winning the competition six times. Achimota School is the only unisex school to have won the competition. No all-girls school has ever won the competition. Only 11 schools out of the more than 900 senior high schools in Ghana have won the competition since its inception.
Three schools compete in each contest and each school is represented by two contestants. The current quiz mistress is Dr. Elsie Effah Kaufmann. Presently, every contest is composed of five rounds with the following rules:
- Round 1 — The round of fundamental questions. Each contesting school has to answer 4 Biology, 4 Chemistry, 4 Physics and 4 Mathematics questions. A wrongly answered question may be carried over as a bonus. Partial credit is sometimes awarded by the quiz mistress.
- Round 2 — This round is called the speed race. All three schools are presented with same questions at the same time. A school answers a question by ringing the bell. There are no partial credits at this stage and a school gains a maximum of three points for answering a question correctly.
- Round 3 — This round is known as the Problem of the Day. The contestants are required to solve a single question, worth 10 points, within 4 minutes.
- Round 4 — True or False statements are given to the contestants in turns. The objective is to determine whether each statement is true or false. A correctly answered question fetches 2 points. A wrongly answered question attracts a penalty of -1 point. One may decide not to answer a question, in which case it will be carried over to the next contesting school as a bonus for the full benefit of the two points.
- Round 5 — Riddles; clues are given to the contesting schools. The schools compete against each other to find the answers to the riddles. Getting the correct answer on the first clue fetches 5 points. On the second clue, 4 points are awarded for a correct answer. On the third or any other subsequent clue, a question answered correctly is given 3 points. There are 4 riddles in all.
List of Past Winners
|Year||Winning school||1st Runner-up||2nd Runner-up|
|1994||Prempeh College, Kumasi||Achimota School|
|1995||Presbyterian Boys’ Secondary School, Legon||Opoku Ware School|
|1996||Prempeh College, Kumasi||Presbyterian Boys' Secondary School, Legon|
|1997||Opoku Ware School, Kumasi||Prempeh College|
|1998||Achimota School, Accra||St. Peter's Senior High School|
|1999||Mfantsipim School, Cape Coast||Wesley Girls' High School|
|2000||St. Peter's Senior Secondary School, Nkwatia||Mfantsipim School|
|2001||Pope John Secondary School, Koforidua||Ghana Secondary Technical School|
|2002||Opoku Ware School, Kumasi||St. Peter's Senior High School|
|2003||Presbyterian Boys’ Secondary School, Legon||Opoku Ware School|
|2004||Achimota School, Accra||St. Peter's Senior Secondary School|
|2005||St. Peter's Senior Secondary School, Nkwatia||Opoku Ware School|
|2006||Presbyterian Boys’ Secondary School, Legon||St. Peter's Senior High School|
|2007||St. Augustine's College, Cape Coast||Kumasi Anglican Senior High School|
|2008||Presbyterian Boys’ Secondary School, Legon||Opoku Ware School|
|2009||Presbyterian Boys’ Secondary School, Legon||Achimota School|
|2010||No competition held|
|2011||No competition held|
|2012||Ghana Secondary Technical School, Takoradi||St. Francis Xavier Junior Seminary|
|2013||St. Thomas Aquinas Secondary School, Accra||Presbyterian Boys' Secondary School||Mfantsiman Girls Senior High School|
|2014||Mfantsipim School, Cape Coast||Ghana Secondary Technical School||St. Francis Xavier Junior Seminary|
|2015||Prempeh College, Kumasi||Adisadel College||University Practice Senior High School|
|2016||Adisadel College||Opoku Ware School||Mfantsipim School|
|2017||Prempeh College, Kumasi||St. Thomas Aquinas Senior High School||Adisadel College|
|2018||St. Peter's Senior High School||West Africa Senior High School||Adisadel College|
|2019||St. Augustine's College, Cape Coast||Presbyterian Boys’ Secondary School, Legon||St. Peter's Senior Secondary School|
|2020||Presbyterian Boys’ Secondary School, Legon||Adisadel College||Opoku Ware School|
Here is the league of finalists at the National Science and Math Quiz.
|Rank||School||Number of wins||Years won||Number of finals||1st Runner-up||2nd Runner-up|
|1||Presbyterian Boys' Secondary School||6||1995, 2003, 2006, 2008, 2009, 2020||9||3||0|
|2||Prempeh College||4||1994, 1996, 2015, 2017||5||1||0|
|3||St. Peter's Senior High School||3||2000, 2005, 2018||8||4||1|
|4||Opoku Ware School||2||1997, 2002||8||5||1|
|5||Achimota School||2||1998, 2004||4||2||0|
|6||Mfantsipim School||2||1999, 2014||4||1||1|
|7||St. Augustine's College||2||2007, 2019||2||0||0|
|9||Ghana Secondary Technical School||1||2012||3||2||0|
|10||St. Thomas Aquinas Senior Secondary School||1||2013||2||1||0|
|11||Pope John Secondary School||1||2001||1||0||0|
|12||St. Francis Xavier Junior Seminary||0||N/A||2||1||1|
|13||Kumasi Anglican Senior High School||0||N/A||1||1||0|
|13||Wesley Girls' High School||0||N/A||1||1||0|
|13||West Africa Senior High School||0||N/A||1||1||0|
|16||Mfantsiman Girls' Senior High School||0||N/A||1||0||1|
|16||University Practice Senior High School||0||N/A||1||0||1|
- "Inside Ghana's wild and raucous quiz show". BBC News. Archived from the original on 2018-07-22. Retrieved 2018-07-22.
- "Winners Of The National Science and Maths Quiz From 1994 – 2019". afrosages.com. 12 July 2019. Retrieved 2019-11-06.
- "National Science & Maths Quiz". seniorhighub.com. Retrieved 2019-11-15.
- "Elsie A. B. Effah Kaufmann (BSE MSE PhD (Pennsylvania)) | Department of Biomedical Engineering". www.ug.edu.gh. Retrieved 2020-10-09.
- "Elsie Effah Kaufmann".
- "Education in Ghana". www.ghanaweb.com. Archived from the original on 2019-07-10. Retrieved 2019-07-11.
- "Past Winners - NSMQ". Archived from the original on 2017-06-30. Retrieved 2017-06-26.
- "CIMG Awards: National Science and Maths Quiz is TV Programme of the Year 2017". www.ghanaweb.com. Archived from the original on 2018-10-06. Retrieved 2018-10-05.
- "McDan Chief Executive Officer emerges CIMG Marketing Man of the Year". www.ghanaweb.com. Archived from the original on 2018-10-06. Retrieved 2018-10-05.