|Founded||29 July 1959 – present
(58 years, 7 months)
|Allegiance||Constitution of Ghana|
|Branch||GAF Navy Military Branch|
|Part of||GAF; Ghanaian Ministry of Defence and GN Central Defence Headquarters|
|GN HQ||Accra, Greater Accra, Ghana|
|Colors||Ultramarine, Iceberg and Blue-Gray|
|Chiefs of the Naval Staff||Rear Admiral Peter Kofi Faidoo|
|Naval Ensign 1957−1964
|Naval Ensign 1964−1966|
The Ghana Navy (GN) is the naval warfare organizational military branch of the Ghanaian Armed Forces (GAF). The Ghanaian navy, along with the Ghanaian army (GA) and Ghanaian air force (GHF), make up the Ghanaian Armed Forces (GAF) which are controlled by the Ghanaian Ministry of Defence (MoD).
- 1 History
- 2 Organization
- 3 Roles
- 4 Current active naval vessels
- 5 Past naval vessels
- 6 Future plans
- 7 Substantive Chiefs of the Naval Staff
- 8 Rank structure
- 9 References
- 10 External links
The nucleus of the Ghana Navy is the Gold Coast Naval Volunteer Force formed during World War II. It was established by the colonial British administration to conduct seaward patrols to ensure that the coastal waters of the colony were free from mines. Following Ghana's attainment of independent nationhood on 6 March 1957 from the UK, the country's military was reorganized and expanded to meet its new challenges. A new volunteer force was raised in June, 1959 with headquarters at Takoradi in the Western Region of Ghana. The men were drawn from the existing Gold Coast Regiment of Infantry. They were under the command of British Royal Navy officers on secondment. On 29 July 1959, the Ghana Navy was established by an Act of Parliament. The force had two divisions based at Takoradi and Accra respectively. On 1 May 1962, the British Navy formed the Royal Navy Element of the British Joint Services Training Team, thus changing the nature of its relationship with the Ghana Navy. The first Chief of the Naval Staff was Captain D. A. Foreman, a retired British Naval Officer. He was granted a Presidential Commission as a Ghana naval officer in the rank of Commodore. In September 1961 Nkrumah terminated the employment of British officers in the armed forces: the first Ghanaian to become Chief of the Naval Staff was Rear Admiral David Anumle Hansen, who was transferred from the Ghana army to head the navy.
The Ghana Navy command structure consists of the Naval Headquarters at Burma Camp, Accra. There are three operational commands, the Western Naval Command at Sekondi, the Eastern Naval Command at Tema and The Naval Training Command at Agota.
The command comprises the following elements:
- HQ Western Naval Command
- Ghana Navy Fleet
- The Naval Dockyard Complex
- Ghana Navy Stores Depot
- Naval Base, Sekondi - West Command
- The Naval Trade Training School
The command comprises the following elements:
- HQ Eastern Naval Command
- Basic and Leadership Training School
- Naval Base,Tema
- Ghana Navy Band
The navy is organized into the following departments.
- Logistics (Supply)
- Intelligence and
- Research and Development
The Ghana Navy fulfills a broad range of roles. These include:
- The monitoring, control and surveillance of fishing activities
- Maritime Presence in the West African Waters and Naval Support in the Region and Crises Areas when requested
- Surveillance, Effective Patrol and Control of Ghana's Territorial Waters and Economic Zone
- Evacuation operations of Ghanaian and other nationals from troubled spots
- Fighting and checking criminal activities such as piracy/armed robbery at sea, smuggling of illicit drugs, stowaways and dissident activities
- Disaster and humanitarian relief operations, search and rescue, and other mercy missions at sea
- Assisting civil authorities such as the Ghana Police, the Volta River Authority, the Electoral Commission, Ghana Ports and Harbours Authority
Snake Class Patrol Vessels
46.8m patrol vessels ordered from China's Poly Technologies subsidiary of China Poly Group Corporation in 2011 and delivered to GN (Ghana Navy) in October 2011. The boats were commissioned 21 February 2012.
|GNS Blika||P34||Qingdao Qianjin Shipyard, China||1 April 2011?||21 Feb 2012||Active|
|GNS Garinga||P35||Qingdao Qianjin Shipyard, China||1 April 2011?||21 Feb 2012||Active|
|GNS Chemle||P36||Qingdao Qianjin Shipyard, China||1 April 2011?||21 Feb 2012||Active|
|GNS Ehwor||P37||Qingdao Qianjin Shipyard, China||1 April 2011?||21 Feb 2012||Active|
Balsam Class Patrol Ships
U. S. Coast Guard vessels. After serving the USCG for 57 years, Woodrush was decommissioned on March 2, 2001 and sold to GN (Ghana Navy) to serve as GNS Anzone P30.
|GNS Anzone (~shark)||P30||Marine Iron & Ship Builders||28 April 1944||22 September 1944||2001||Active||USCGC Woodrush (WLB-407)|
|GNS Bonsu (~whale)||P31||Marine Iron & Ship Builders||31 December 1943||26 July 1944||2001||Active||USCGC Sweetbrier (WLB-401)|
Chamsuri Class Patrol Boat
Republic of Korea Navy vessels. Chamsuri means 'Sea Dolphin'.
|GNS Stephen Otu||P33||Korea Tacoma, Hyundai Heavy Industries, Hanjin Heavy Industries||July 1980||21 January 2011||Active||PKM 237|
Albatros Class Fast Attack Craft
German navy. Purchased in 2005 at $35 million for the two ships.
|GNS Sebo (~leopard)||P27||Fr Lurssen Werft GmbH & Co||19 September 1979||2 May 1980||2010||Active|
|GNS Dzata (~lion)||P31||Fr Lurssen Werft GmbH & Co||19 September 1979||4 December 1979||2010||Active|
Warrior class/Gepard Class Fast Attack Craft
German navy S74 Nerz and S77 Dachs. Purchased at $37 million for the two ships.
|GNS Yaa Asantewaa||Fr Lurssen Werft GmbH & Co||14 July 1983||31 July 2012||Active|
|GNS Naa Gbewaa||Fr Lurssen Werft GmbH & Co||22 March 1984||31 July 2012||Active|
USCG Defender Class Boat
U. S. Coast Guard. In 2008, the Ghana Navy acquired three such boats from the US navy. They were handed over to the GN Western Naval Command in Sekondi-Takoradi. On 13 March 2010, presented 4 additional boats.
- GNS Achimota (P28) - Flagship of the Ghana Navy. German built FPB 57 class patrol ship (Launched: 14 March 1979, commissioned: 27 March 1981)
- GNS Yogaga (P29) - German built FPB 57 class patrol ship (1979)
- GNS David Hansen - Named after David Animle Hansen, first Ghanaian Chief of Staff of the Ghana Navy. A single 20 m-long ex-US Navy PB Mk III inshore patrol craft that was built in the 1970s and transferred to Ghana in 2001.
- On 10 December 2010, the Ghana Navy received six new speedboats with complete accessories from Ghana Red Cross to facilitate its rescue mission in the country. The accessories included six Yamaha outboard motors, life jackets, life lines, first aid equipment and maintenance tools.
The initial fleet of the navy consisted of two Ham class minesweepers, GNS Yogaga and GNS Afadzato. They were re-commissioned on 31 October 1959. They were joined by four T43-class minesweepers from the Soviet Union between 1961–64, three Komar-class missile boats between 1962–65 and another in 1980, and two Yurka-class minesweepers in 1981-82. In 1965, a large frigate was ordered by the government of President Nkrumah, intended to also serve as the presidential yacht. The warship was laid down by Yarrow Shipbuilders in Scotland under the name Black Star, but when Nkrumah was deposed in a coup in the following year, the project was cancelled. The ship was eventually bought by the Royal Navy and then sold to Malaysia as the KD Hang Tuah.
The Ghanaian Defence Minister, Lieutenant General J. H. Smith, announced in June 2010 that over 10 ships would be acquired as part of a short-term plan to re-equip the navy, and defend Ghana's exclusive economic zone.
There have been 17 heads of the Ghana navy since its inception. One officer, Rear Admiral Dzang served two terms.
The GN officers in descending order of seniority:
- Lieutenant Commander
- Acting Sub-Lieutenant
The GN ratings in descending order of seniority:
- Master Chief Petty Officer
- Fleet Chief Petty Officer
- Chief Petty Officer Class I
- Chief Petty Officer Class II
- Petty Officer Class I
- Petty Officer Class II
- Leading Seaman
- Able Seaman Class I
- Able Seaman Class II
- Ordinary Seaman
- "Historical Background of The Ghana Navy". Official website. Ghana Armed Forces. Archived from the original on 2007-08-27. Retrieved 2007-06-11.
- S. Addoe, General History of Ghana Armed Forces: a reference volume, 2005, pp.466-7
- Navy to secure country's maritime boundaries. ghana.gov.gh.
- Germany delivers two of its decommissioned FACs to the Armed Forces of Ghana Archived September 15, 2014, at the Wayback Machine.. Germanydefence.com
- Ghana navy takes delivery of two German fast attack craft, maritime security
- "The Security Services" (PDF). National Reconciliation Commission Report Volume 4 Chapter 1. Ghana government. October 2004. pp. 3 & 4. Archived from the original (pdf) on October 16, 2006. Retrieved 2007-06-11.
- Marriott, Leo (1990). Royal Navy Frigates since 1945, Second Edition. London: Ian Allen Ltd. p. 102. ISBN 0-7110-1915-0.
- "Past Chiefs of Naval Staff 1959 - 2000". Official website. Ghana Armed Forces. Archived from the original on 2011-07-21. Retrieved 2008-11-04.
- "Immediate Past Chief of Naval Staff - Ghana Navy". Official website. Ghana Armed Forces. 22 April 2005. Retrieved 2007-06-11.
- "Chief of Naval Staff - Ghana Navy". Official website. Ghana Armed Forces. 21 May 2005. Retrieved 2007-06-11.
- "Profile of Rear Admiral GM Biekro Chief of the Naval Staff – Ghana Navy". Official website. Ghana Armed Forces. 24 April 2014. Check date values in:
|year= / |date= mismatch(help)
- "Ghana - Republic of Ghana Navy". The International Encyclopedia of Uniform Insignia around the world. WORLD INSIGNIA COLLECTORS UNION. Retrieved 2007-06-11.