Ghana national football team
|Sub-confederation||WAFU (West Africa)|
|Most caps||André Ayew (113)|
|Top scorer||Asamoah Gyan (51)|
|Current||61 1 (6 October 2022)|
|Highest||14 (April–May 2007, February 2008)|
|Lowest||89 (June 2004)|
| Gold Coast and British Togoland 1–0 Nigeria |
(Accra, British Gold Coast; 28 May 1950)
| Nyasaland 0–12 Gold Coast |
(Nyasaland; 15 October 1962)
Nyasaland 0–12 Ghana 
(Malawi; 12 December 1965)
| Bulgaria 10–0 Ghana |
(Leon, Mexico; 2 October 1968)
|Appearances||4 (first in 2006)|
|Best result||Quarter-finals (2010)|
|Africa Cup of Nations|
|Appearances||23 (first in 1963)|
|Best result||Champions (1963, 1965, 1978, 1982)|
|African Nations Championship|
|Appearances||3 (first in 2009)|
|Best result||Runners-up (2009, 2014)|
The Ghana national football team represents Ghana in men's international football, doing it since 1957. The team consists of twenty players including the technical team. The team is nicknamed the Black Stars after the Black Star of Africa in the flag of Ghana. It is governed by the Ghana Football Association (GFA) the governing body for football in Ghana and the oldest football association in Africa (founded in 1920). Prior to 1957, the team played as the Gold Coast. The team is a member of both FIFA and CAF.
Ghana qualified for the FIFA World Cup for the first time in 2006. The team has won the Africa Cup of Nations four times (1963, 1965, 1978, and 1982), while finishing as runners-up five times (1968, 1970, 1992, 2010, and 2015). After going through 2005 unbeaten, the Ghana national football team won the FIFA Best Mover of the Year Award and reached the second round of the 2006 FIFA World Cup. At the 2010 FIFA World Cup in South Africa, they became only the third African team to reach the World Cup quarter-finals, and in 2014 they competed in their third consecutive World Cup.
Charles Kumi Gyamfi became coach in 1961, and it won successive African Cup of Nations titles, in 1963 and 1965, and achieved its record win, 13–2 away to Kenya, after the second of these. It reached the final of the tournament in 1968 and 1970, losing 1–0 on each occasion, to DR Congo and Sudan respectively. Its domination of this tournament earned it the nickname "the Black Stars of Africa" in the 1960s.
It failed to qualify for 3 successive African Cup of Nations in the 1970s, and qualified for the Olympic Games football tournaments, becoming the first team from sub-Saharan Africa to qualify for the Games, reaching the quarter-finals in 1964 and withdrawing after qualifying in 1976 and 1980. It later won the 1982 African Cup of Nations. After 3 failures to reach the tournament final, the 1992 African Cup of Nations saw it finish second.
Prior to the year 2000, disharmony among the squad which led to parliamentary and executive intervention to settle issues between 2 squad members, Abedi Pele and Tony Yeboah in the 1990s, may have played some part in the failure of the team to build on the successes of the national underage teams in the 1990s, and a generation of Black Stars players who went to the 2001 FIFA World Youth Championship final became the "core" of the team at the 2002 African Cup of Nations, and were undefeated for a year in 2005 and reached the final tournament of the 2006 FIFA World Cup. The Black Stars started by succumbing to a 2–0 defeat to eventual champions Italy, and wins over Czech Republic (2–0) and United States (2–1) saw it through to the second round, where it lost 3–0 to Brazil.
Under head coach Milovan Rajevac, the Black Stars went on to secure a 100% record in its qualification campaign, winning the group and becoming the first African team to qualify for the 2010 FIFA World Cup. In the final tournament, it is in Group D with Germany, Serbia and Australia. It reached the round of 16 where it played the United States, winning 2–1 in extra time to become the third African nation to reach the World Cup quarter-finals. It then lost to Uruguay in a penalty shootout in the quarter-finals, having missed a penalty kick in extra time after what would have been the winning goal to send Ghana to the semi-finals was prevented by Luis Suárez's handball, who was then shown a red card for his actions.
In 2013 it became the only team in Africa to reach 4 consecutive semi-finals of the CAF Africa Cup of Nations twice, the first time since between 1963 and 1970.
It was sufficiently ranked by FIFA to start its qualifying for the 2014 World Cup in the Second round. It won the group, and in the following round qualified for the 2014 World Cup finals in November 2013, beating Egypt 7–3 on aggregate in a 2-legged play-off. It was drawn in Group G for the finals, where it faced Germany, Portugal, and the United States. It exited in the group stages recording 1 draw and was the only team to not lose to Germany in the tournament.
In the 2015 Africa Cup of Nations, it reached the final, to be denied the title on penalties against Ivory Coast. While its 2017 Africa Cup of Nations campaign ended in a 4th place finish - the third one in 4 consecutive editions of the tournament - in the qualifiers for the 2018 World Cup, it finished behind Egypt and Uganda in their final group. At the 2019 Africa Cup of Nations, it was eliminated by Tunisia in the Round of 16. In 2021, Rajevac was brought back, and the team ended up failing to win a match at the 2022 Africa Cup of Nations where it lost 2–3 to debutants the Comoros after an André Ayew red card to finish bottom of its group and thus fail to progress beyond the group stage for the first time since 2006. It drew 0–0 vs Nigeria and drew 1–1 in Nigeria to qualify for the 2022 FIFA World Cup on the away goals rule.
Kits and crest
The Black Star kit is used instead of the original gold, green, and red coloured association football kit based on the colors of the Ghana flag. The Black Stars have used an all-white and partly black kit which was worn from the years 1957 to 1989 and from 2006 until December 2014.
Between 1990 and 2006 the Ghana national 3 team used the kit in the colours of the national flag of Ghana, with gold, green and red used, as in the team's crest and also known as the Pan-African colours. The gold with green and red kit concept and design was used in the 60s and 70s, and designed with gold and green vertical stripes and red shoulders. An all black second kit was introduced in 2008 and in 2015, Black Stars' gold-red-green coloured kit and all black coloured kit is to be reassigned to the position of 1st and 2nd kits following the induction of a brown with blue and gold coloured Black Stars 3rd kit in 2012.
2008 Africa Cup of Nations 1st and 2nd kits
There is no fixed home stadium. World Cup and Africa Cup of Nations qualifying matches have been played at the Sekondi-Takoradi Stadium in Sekondi-Takoradi, the Len Clay Stadium, Kumasi Sports Stadium and Abrankese Stadium in Kumasi, the Cape Coast Sports Stadium in Cape Coast, the Accra Sports Stadium in the Accra and the Tamale Stadium in Tamale. Some smaller, regional stadia (stadiums) were used in the 2002 Africa Cup of Nations qualifying and 2004 African Cup of Nations qualification qualifying campaigns.
The training facilities and training grounds are located at Agyeman Badu Stadium, Berekum Sports Stadium in Brong-Ahafo, the Tema Sports Stadium in Tema and the multi-functional Lizzy Sports Complex in Legon.
Organization and finance
The Black Stars had no official head because of "corrupt" practices by the then president, Kwesi Nyantakyi. and vice-president George Afriyie, with Frank Davis as director of football, and Edward Bawa as treasurer. The Ghana Football Association (GFA) signed a CN¥92.2 million (US$15 million) deal with Ghanaian state-run oil and gas exploration corporation, Ghana National Petroleum Corporation (GNPC), to sponsor the Black Stars and the renewable contract saw the oil and gas exploration corporation become the global headline sponsor of the Black Stars, with a yearly Black Stars player salary wage bill, following the gold mining corporations Ashanti Goldfields Corporation and Goldfields Ghana Limited (GGL), which had been sponsoring the Black Stars since 2005.
On 28 August 2013, Ghana Football Association (GFA) launched a TV channel and named GFA TV. The channel has the exclusive rights to broadcast all the Black Stars' matches. In November 2013, the Black Stars signed a 2013–2015 CN¥30.6 million (US$5 million) and an additional classified multi-million private bank sponsorship deal with the Ghanaian state-run private banking institution UniBank.
The Black Stars maintain an average stadium match attendance of 60,000+ and a match attendance high of 80,000+, such as in the case of its 2010 FIFA World Cup quarter-final against Uruguay in which was attended by 84,017 spectators. Ghana's match against England on 29 March 2011 had the largest away following for any association football national team since the re-opening of Wembley Stadium in 2007. The match was watched by 700 million people around the world.
A rivalry is with the Super Eagles, the national team of Nigeria. The "Battle of Supremacy on the Gulf of Guinea" is between 2 of the "most successful teams on the African continent". The proximity of the 2 countries to each other, a dispute between the different association football competitions and wider diplomatic competition for influence across West Africa add to this rivalry. The match between these 2 countries is called the Jollof derby.
Media and arts
Match schedules are broadcast in English as in the case of inter-continental matches and in Akan nationally by Adom TV, PeaceFM, AdomFM and HappyFM. During the scheduled qualification for the 2014 World Cup national broadcaster GTV, a sub-division of the Ghana Broadcasting Corporation (GBC), broadcast to the Ghanaian public home qualifiers with away qualifiers broadcast by the satellite television broadcasting corporation Viasat 1. The friendly match against Turkey in August 2013 was televised by Viasat 1 and the qualifiers for the 2015 Africa Cup of Nations and the 2018 Inter-Continental Championships are scheduled for public broadcast by the corporations GFA TV, GBC and Viasat 1.
Products including books, documentary films, Azonto dances and songs have been made in the name of the team. These may be intended with commercial motives and are focused on previous and future World Cups or Africa Cup of Nations tournaments.
- Books: books have been published on the team's history and participation in tournaments. These include Ghana, The Rediscovered Soccer Might: Watch Out World!, about the history and performance of the Black Stars and association football national teams that the Black Stars have played against, and The Black Stars of Ghana by Alan Whelan; about Black Stars commencing their progress through the final rounds of the 2010 World Cup and into the quarter-finals.
- Documentary films: In 2010 Miracle Films Ghana Limited showcased a vintage documentary film picture, Kwame Nkrumah & Ghana's Black Stars, about Osagyefo Kwame Nkrumah "Africa's man of the 2nd millennium" and "Pan-African pioneer", who invested energy into making Ghana's association football national team – the Black Stars – a force in African soccer.
- Nickname: The Black Star Line, a shipping industry line incorporated by the founder of the Back-to-Africa movement, civil rights movement leader Marcus Garvey and the organiser of the Universal Negro Improvement Association and African Communities League (UNIA) from 1919 to 1922, gives the Ghana team its nicknames, the Black Stars of West Africa and the Black Stars of Africa.
- Dances: upon the Black Stars scoring against opposition teams, dance forms of the Ghanaian Azonto were performed by Black Stars players in their goal celebrations in match victories at the 2010 World Cup and in 2013, an elite dance version of the Ghanaian Azonto named; "(Akan: Mmonko)" (shrimp), was established and showcased at the 2013 Africa Cup of Nations by the Black Stars players. Black Stars goal celebrations in match victories at the 2014 World Cup and upon scoring against opposition teams, are to establish and showcase Alkayida.
- Songs: On occasions of past World Cups or African Championships, a number of musicians with music producers created hiplife football songs which were composed in the Akan language – the 2006 World Cup song, "Akan: Tuntum Nsorom Ye Ko Yen Anim", (Black Stars, We are moving forward) musical composed by the Musicians Union of Ghana, is to motivate the Black Stars to perform creditably in its quest for the capturing of the World Cup trophy. Black Stars' captain and top-goalscorer Asamoah Gyan recorded and released a Hiplife song with 'Castro The Destroyer', where he features under the alias 'Baby Jet'. The song is entitled "African Girls" and is sung in the Akan language and was launched onto the Ghanaian screens, continental West Africa screens and onto the Sub-Saharan Africa screens. The music video shows the "Asamoah Gyan Dance" goal celebration which he demonstrated at the 2010 World Cup. The song "African Girls" won an award at the Ghana Music Awards in 2011. The 2010 World Cup song, "Ghana Black Stars (Official Song 2010 World Cup)" composed by Ghanaian hiplife music group "Kings and Queens Entertainment" approved by the Ghana Football Association (GFA) as GFA has indicated that the Black Stars are a protected brand.
Fixtures and results
The following is a list of match results from the previous 12 months, as well as any future matches that have been scheduled.
|5 January Friendly||Algeria||3–0||Ghana||Al Rayyan, Qatar|
|19:00 UTC+3||Report||Stadium: Education City Stadium|
Referee: Saoud Ali Al-Adba (Qatar)
|10 January 2021 AFCON||Morocco||1–0||Ghana||Yaoundé, Cameroon|
||Report||Stadium: Stade Ahmadou Ahidjo|
Referee: Joshua Bondo (Botswana)
|14 January 2021 AFCON||Gabon||1–1||Ghana||Yaoundé, Cameroon|
||Stadium: Stade Ahmadou Ahidjo|
Referee: Lahlou Benbraham (Algeria)
|18 January 2021 AFCON||Ghana||2–3||Comoros||Garoua, Cameroon|
|20:00 UTC+1||Report||Stadium: Roumdé Adjia Stadium|
Referee: Boubou Traore (Mali)
|25 March 2022 FIFA World Cup qualification||Ghana||0–0||Nigeria||Kumasi, Ghana|
|19:30 UTC±0||Report||Stadium: Baba Yara Stadium|
Referee: Redouane Jiyed (Morocco)
|29 March 2022 FIFA World Cup qualification||Nigeria||1–1|
(1–1 (a) agg.)
||Stadium: Moshood Abiola National Stadium|
Referee: Sadok Selmi (Tunisia)
|1 June 2023 AFCON qualification||Ghana||3–0||Madagascar||Cape Coast, Ghana|
|19:00 UTC±0||Report||Stadium: Cape Coast Sports Stadium|
Referee: Mahamadou Kéïta (Mali)
|5 June 2023 AFCON qualification||Central African Republic||1–1||Ghana||Luanda, Angola|
||Stadium: Estádio 11 de Novembro|
Referee: Pierre Atcho (Gabon)
|10 June 2022 Kirin Cup Soccer||Japan||4–1||Ghana||Kobe, Japan|
||Stadium: Noevir Stadium Kobe|
Referee: Ams Kurt (Australia)
|14 June 2022 Kirin Cup Soccer||Chile||0–0|
|15:15 UTC+9||Report||Stadium: Panasonic Stadium Suita|
Referee: Hiroki Kasahara (Japan)
|23 August Friendly||Qatar||2–1||Ghana||Vienna, Austria|
|18:30 UTC+2||Source Source||Stadium: Ernst-Happel-Stadion|
|23 September Friendly||Brazil||3–0||Ghana||Le Havre, France|
|19:30 UTC+2||Report||Stadium: Stade Océane|
Referee: Mikael Lesage (France)
|27 September Friendly||Nicaragua||0–1||Ghana||Lorca, Spain|
||Stadium: Estadio Francisco Artés Carrasco|
Referee: Dario Bel (Croatia)
|17 November Friendly||Ghana||2–0||Switzerland||Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates|
|14:00 UTC+4||Report||Stadium: Zayed Sports City Stadium|
Referee: Ahmed Issa (United Arab Emirates)
|24 November 2022 FIFA World Cup||Portugal||3–2||Ghana||Doha, Qatar|
|19:00 UTC+3||Report||Stadium: Stadium 974|
Referee: Ismail Elfath (United States)
|28 November 2022 FIFA World Cup||South Korea||2–3||Ghana||Al Rayyan, Qatar|
||Report||Stadium: Education City Stadium|
Referee: Anthony Taylor (England)
|2 December 2022 FIFA World Cup||Ghana||0–2||Uruguay||Al Wakrah, Qatar|
||Stadium: Al Janoub Stadium|
Referee: Daniel Siebert (Germany)
- As of 9 February 2022
|Head coach||Otto Addo|
|Technical advisor||Chris Hughton|
|Assistant coach||George Boateng|
|Assistant coach||Mas-Ud Didi Dramani|
|Goalkeeping coach||Richard Kingson|
Since 1957 it has had 32 different head coaches and 3 caretakers. C. K. Gyamfi led the Black Stars to 3 Africa Cup of Nations titles – in 1963, 1965 and 1982 – making Gyamfi the "joint most successful coach" in the competition's history. Fred Osam Duodu led the Black Stars to their 1978 Africa Cup of Nations title; Ratomir Dujković, Milovan Rajevac, and James Kwesi Appiah have led the Black Stars to World Cup qualification. 2 Serbian managers guided Ghana to the 2 first World Cup debuts. The team is being headed by Otto Addo who is the head coach and supported by Chris Hughton, George Boateng and Mas-Ud Didi Dramani as coaches of the senior national team, the Black Stars until the end of December 2022.
Caps and goals correct as of 2 December 2022, after the match against Uruguay.
|No.||Pos.||Player||Date of birth (age)||Caps||Goals||Club|
|1||GK||Lawrence Ati-Zigi||29 November 1996||14||0||St. Gallen|
|12||GK||Ibrahim Danlad||2 December 2002||4||0||Asante Kotoko|
|16||GK||Abdul Manaf Nurudeen||8 February 1999||2||0||Eupen|
|2||DF||Tariq Lamptey||30 September 2000||4||0||Brighton & Hove Albion|
|3||DF||Denis Odoi||27 May 1988||5||0||Club Brugge|
|4||DF||Mohammed Salisu||17 April 1999||6||2||Southampton|
|14||DF||Gideon Mensah||18 July 1998||13||0||Auxerre|
|15||DF||Joseph Aidoo||29 September 1995||11||0||Celta Vigo|
|17||DF||Baba Rahman||2 July 1994||51||1||Reading|
|18||DF||Daniel Amartey||21 December 1994||49||0||Leicester City|
|23||DF||Alexander Djiku||9 August 1994||20||1||Strasbourg|
|26||DF||Alidu Seidu||4 June 2000||6||0||Clermont|
|5||MF||Thomas Partey||13 June 1993||43||13||Arsenal|
|6||MF||Elisha Owusu||7 November 1997||3||0||Gent|
|8||MF||Daniel-Kofi Kyereh||8 March 1996||18||0||SC Freiburg|
|10||MF||André Ayew||17 December 1989||113||24||Al-Sadd|
|13||MF||Daniel Afriyie||26 June 2001||7||3||Hearts of Oak|
|20||MF||Mohammed Kudus||2 August 2000||21||7||Ajax|
|21||MF||Salis Abdul Samed||26 March 2000||4||0||Lens|
|7||FW||Abdul Fatawu Issahaku||8 March 2004||14||1||Sporting CP|
|9||FW||Jordan Ayew||11 September 1991||87||19||Crystal Palace|
|11||FW||Osman Bukari||13 December 1998||9||2||Red Star Belgrade|
|19||FW||Iñaki Williams||15 June 1994||6||0||Athletic Bilbao|
|22||FW||Kamaldeen Sulemana||15 February 2002||15||0||Rennes|
|24||FW||Kamal Sowah||9 January 2000||1||0||Club Brugge|
|25||FW||Antoine Semenyo||7 January 2000||6||1||Bristol City|
The following have also been called up in the past twelve months.
The football association of Ghana (GFA) administers national teams at different levels, including 1 for the local national team. The team is restricted to players who only play in the local league, thus the Ghana Premier League. It is nicknamed Local Black Stars.
- As of 2 December 2022
- Players in bold are still active with Ghana.
|5||Karim Abdul Razak||25||62||0.4||1975–1988|
- Awuley Quaye (1978)
- Kuuku Dadzie (1980–1982)
- Emmanuel Quarshie (1982–1984)
- Isaac Paha (1984)
- James Kwesi Appiah (1984–1992)
- Abedi Pele (1992–1998)
- Charles Akonnor (1999–2001)
- Stephen Appiah (2002–2010)
- John Mensah (2010–2012)
- Asamoah Gyan (2012–2019)
- André Ayew (2019–)
FIFA World Cup
Ghana have qualified for 4 FIFA World Cup tournaments; 2006, 2010, 2014, and 2022. In 2006, it was the only African side to advance to the second round of the World Cup in Germany, and was the 6th nation in a row from Africa to progress beyond the group stages of the World Cup. It had the youngest team in the 2006 edition with an average age of 23 years and 352 days, and were praised for their improving performance. FIFA ranked it 13th out of the 32 countries who competed in the tournament.
In the 2010 World Cup, it progressed beyond the group stages of the World Cup in South Africa, and reached the quarter-finals where it was eliminated by Uruguay. It was defeated on penalty shootout after Luis Suárez hand-balled on the goal line into extra time, preventing a possible winning goal. Of the 32 countries that participated in the 2010 edition, FIFA ranked it 7th.
After beating Egypt 7–3 on aggregate in November 2013, it qualified for the 2014 World Cup in Brazil. It was drawn in Group G with Germany, United States and Portugal. For the first time, it fell in the group stage, tying Germany 2–2 and losing to the United States and Portugal by 2–1.
|World Cup Finals||15||5||3||7||18||23||−5|
|World Cup Quals (H)||34||24||8||2||78||19||+59|
|World Cup Quals (A)||33||9||8||16||37||42||−5|
|FIFA World Cup record||Qualification record|
|1930||Part of United Kingdom||Part of United Kingdom|
|1962||Did not qualify||2||1||1||0||2||0||1962|
|1974||Did not qualify||6||3||1||1||14||5||1974|
|1990||Did not qualify||2||0||1||1||0||2||1990|
|2006||Round of 16||13th||4||2||0||2||4||6||12||8||3||1||24||4||2006|
|2018||Did not qualify||8||2||5||1||9||5||2018|
Africa Cup of Nations
It has won the Africa Cup of Nations 4 times – in 1963, 1965, 1978, and 1982 – bettered by Cameroon and Egypt. As the first winner of 3 Nations Cup tournaments, it obtained the right to permanently hold the trophy in 1978. It qualified for the tournament 23 times, finishing as runners-up 5 times, third once, and 4th 4 times. Thus, Ghana has the second-most final game appearances at the tournament behind Egypt (who has 10) with 9. It holds the record of most consecutive semi-final appearances, with 6 straight between 2008 and 2017.
|1959||Not affiliated to CAF|
|1962||Did not qualify|
|1972||Did not qualify|
|1986||Did not qualify|
|2004||Did not qualify|
|2019||Round of 16||12th||4||1||3||0||5||3|
- *Denotes place was determined via penalty shoot-out.
African Nations Championship
|2016||Did not qualify|
West African Nations Cup and WAFU Nations Cup
West African Nations Cup [SCSA Zone III]
|London 1908||Did not participate|
|Helsinki 1952 [a]|
|Rome 1960||Did not qualify|
|Mexico 1968||Round 1||12th||3||0||2||1||6||8|
|Munich 1972||Round 1||16th||3||0||0||3||1||11|
|Montreal 1976||Withdrew after qualifying|
|Los Angeles 1984||Did not qualify|
Last updated 8 February 2015
- Winners: 1983, 2006, 2010
- Nkrumah Cup
- Winners: 1959, 1960, 1963
- Third place: 1991
- Winners: 1962
- Runners up: 1982
- Samuel K. Doe Cup 1986
- Runners up: 1986
- Black Stars Tournament 1993 (Libreville, Gabon)
- Third: 1993
- Great Artificial River Championship 1999 (Libya)
- Runners up: 1999
- Third: 2003
- Winner: 2005
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