Ghana national football team

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Shirt badge/Association crest
Nickname(s)Black Stars
AssociationGhana Football Association (GFA)
ConfederationCAF (Africa)
Sub-confederationWAFU (West Africa)
Head coachJames Kwesi Appiah
CaptainAsamoah Gyan
Most capsAsamoah Gyan (106)
Top scorerAsamoah Gyan (51)
First colours
Second colours
FIFA ranking
Current52 Decrease 1 (25 October 2018)[1]
Highest14 (February 2008, April–May 2008)
Lowest89 (June 2004)
Elo ranking
Current55 Increase 2 (13 November 2018)[2]
Highest13 (30 June 1966)
Lowest97 (14 June 2004)
First international
 Gold Coast and United Kingdom British Togoland
1–0 Nigeria 
(Accra, British Gold Coast; 28 May 1950)
Biggest win
 Nyasaland 0–12 Ghana 
(Nyasaland; 12 October 1962)[3]
 Kenya 2–13 Ghana 
(Nairobi, Kenya; 12 December 1965)[3][4]
Biggest defeat
 Bulgaria 10–0 Ghana 
(León, Mexico; 14 October 1968)[5]
World Cup
Appearances3 (first in 2006)
Best resultQuarter-finals, 2010
Africa Cup of Nations
Appearances21 (first in 1963)
Best resultChampions, 1963, 1965, 1978 and 1982
African Nations Championship
Appearances3 (first in 2009)
Best resultSecond place, 2009, 2014

The Ghana national football team represents Ghana in international association football and has done so since the 1950s. The team is nicknamed the Black Stars after the Black Star of Africa in the flag of Ghana. It is administered by the Ghana Football Association, the governing body for football in Ghana and the oldest football association in Africa (founded in 1920). Prior to 1957, the team played as the Gold Coast.

Although the team qualified for the senior FIFA World Cup for the first time in 2006, they had qualified for four Olympic Games Football Tournaments when the tournament was still a full senior national team competition; their best achievement was the third position at the 1992 Summer Olympics. The team has won the Africa Cup of Nations four times[6] (in 1963, 1965, 1978, and 1982) and has been runner-up five times (in 1968, 1970, 1992, 2010, and 2015). After going through 2005 unbeaten, the Ghana national football team won the FIFA Best Mover of the Year Award and reached the second round of the 2006 FIFA World Cup. At the 2010 FIFA World Cup in South Africa, they became only the third African team to reach the World Cup quarter-finals, and in 2014 they competed in their third consecutive World Cup.


20th century[edit]

Black Stars members in the 1960s pose with some of Ghana's successive international football trophies won.

The Gold Coast Football Association was founded in 1920, succeeded by the Ghana Football Association (GFA) in 1957, which affiliated to Confederation of African Football and FIFA the following year.

On 19 August 1962 at the Accra Sports Stadium, the Black Stars played Spanish giants Real Madrid, who were at the time Spanish champions, former European champions and intercontinental champions, and drew 3–3.[7]

Charles Kumi Gyamfi became coach in 1961, and the Black Stars won successive African Cup of Nations titles, in 1963 and 1965, and achieved their record win, 13–2 away to Kenya, shortly after the second of these. They also reached the final of the tournament in 1968 and 1970, losing 1–0 on each occasion, to DR Congo and Sudan respectively. Their domination of this tournament earned the Black Stars team the nicknames of "the Black Stars of West Africa" and "the Black Stars of Africa" in the 1960s.[8]

The team had no success in FIFA World Cup qualification during this era, and failed to qualify for three successive African Cup of Nations in the 1970s, but qualified for the Olympic Games football tournaments, becoming the first team from sub-Saharan Africa to qualify for the Games,[9] and reaching the quarter-finals in 1964 and withdrawing on political grounds in 1976 later winning the 1982 African cup of nations. After three failures to reach the tournament final, the 1992 African Cup of Nations saw the Black Stars finish second.

21st century[edit]

Black Stars Continuum

Prior to the year 2000, disharmony among the squad which eventually led to parliamentary and executive intervention to settle issues between two squad members, Abedi Pele and Anthony Yeboah in the late 1990s, may have played some part in the failure of the team to build on the successes of the national underage teams in the late 1990s, but a new generation of Black Stars players who went to the 2001 FIFA World Youth Championship final became the core of the team at the 2002 African Cup of Nations, and were undefeated for a year in 2005 and reached the finals of the 2006 FIFA World Cup, the first time the team had reached the global stage of the tournament. The Black Stars started by succumbing to a 2–0 defeat to eventual champions Italy, but wins over the Czech Republic (2–0) and the United States (2–1) saw them through to the second round, where they lost 3–0 to Brazil.[10]

Black Stars squad line-up prior to match

In 2008, Ghana reached a high ranking of 14 according to the FIFA World Rankings. The Black Stars went on to secure a 100 percent record in their qualification campaign, winning the group and becoming the first African team to qualify for the 2010 FIFA World Cup. In the final tournament, the team competed in Group D with Germany, Serbia and Australia. Ghana reached the round of 16 where they played the United States, winning 2–1 in extra time to become the third African nation to reach the World Cup quarter-finals. The team then lost to Uruguay in a penalty shootout in the quarter-finals, having missed a penalty kick in extra time after a certain goal was prevented by Luis Suárez's deliberate handball, who was then shown a red card for his actions.[11]

In 2013 Ghana became the only team in Africa to reach four consecutive semi-finals of the CAF Africa Cup of Nations twice, from 1963 and 1970 and from 2008 and 2013.[12]

Ghana was sufficiently highly ranked by FIFA to start their qualifying for the 2014 World Cup in the Second round. They won the group, and in the following round qualified for the 2014 World Cup finals in November 2013, beating Egypt 7–3 on aggregate in a two-legged play-off.[13][13] Ghana was drawn in Group G for the finals, where they faced Germany, Portugal, and the United States.[14] The World Cup finals ended up in disappointment as Ghana exited in the group stages with issues of poor planning and payment bonuses being blamed for the poor performance, although they did manage a 2–2 draw with Germany, who ended up winning the competition.

Team image[edit]

Kits and crest[edit]

Ghana home shirt: 1970s–1980s

The black star is present on the Flag of Ghana and national coat of arms in the centre of the national crest. Adopted following the independence of Ghana in 1957, the black star has always been included in its kits.[8] The Black Stars' kits were sponsored by Puma SE from 2005, with the deal ending in 2014.[15]

The Black Star kit is used instead of the original gold, green, and red coloured football kit based on the colours of the Ghana national flag. The Black Stars have used an all-white and partly black football kit which was worn from the years 1957 to 1989 and again from 2006 until December 2014.

Between 1990 and 2006 the Ghana national football team used the kit in the colours of the national flag of Ghana, with gold, green and red used extensively, as in the team's crest and also known as the Pan-African colours. The gold with green and red kit concept and design was also used in the sixties and seventies, and designed with gold and green vertical stripes and red shoulders. An all black second kit was introduced in 2008 and in 2015, Black Stars' gold-red-green coloured kit and all black coloured kit is to be reassigned to the position of 1st and 2nd kits following the induction of a brown with blue and gold coloured Black Stars 3rd kit in 2012.[16][17]

The Ghana national football team's football kit for the 2014 FIFA World Cup was ranked as the best kit of the tournament by BuzzFeed.[18]

Ghana home kit 2008.svg
Ghana away kit 2008.svg
Black Stars 2008 Africa Cup of Nations 1st and 2nd kits

Kit suppliers[edit]

Kit supplier Period Notes
Germany Erima 1991–1992
Germany Adidas 1992–2000
Italy Kappa 2000–2005
Germany Puma 2005–

Kit deals[edit]

Kit supplier Period Contract date Contract duration Value Notes
Germany Puma 2005–present

Grounds and training grounds[edit]

Lizzy Sports Complex

There is no home stadium for the Black Stars. World Cup and Africa Cup of Nations qualifying matches have been played at the Essipong Stadium and Sekondi-Takoradi Stadium in Sekondi-Takoradi, the Len Clay Stadium, Kumasi Sports Stadium and Abrankese Stadium in Kumasi, the Cape Coast Sports Stadium in Cape Coast, the Accra Sports Stadium in the Accra and the Tamale Stadium in Tamale. Some smaller, regional stadia (stadiums) were also used in the 2002 Africa Cup of Nations qualifying and 2004 African Cup of Nations qualification qualifying campaigns.

The Black Stars' training facilities and training grounds are located at Agyeman Badu Stadium, Berekum Sports Stadium in Brong-Ahafo, the Tema Sports Stadium in Tema and the multi-functional Lizzy Sports Complex in Legon.[19]

Media coverage[edit]

83 percent of the Ghanaian people are Akan-speakers, and about 21 percent are English-speakers; match schedules of the Black Stars are broadcast both in English as in the case of inter-continental matches and in Akan nationally by Adom TV, PeaceFM, AdomFM and HappyFM. During the scheduled qualification for the 2014 World Cup national broadcaster GTV, a sub-division of the Ghana Broadcasting Corporation (GBC), broadcast to the Ghanaian public home qualifiers with away qualifiers broadcast by the satellite television broadcasting corporation Viasat 1. The friendly match against Turkey in August 2013 was televised by Viasat 1 and the qualifiers for the 2015 Africa Cup of Nations and the 2018 Inter-Continental Championships are scheduled for public broadcast by the corporations GFA TV, GBC and Viasat 1.[20]

Organization and finance[edit]

The Black Stars as it stands now has no official head because of corrupt practices by the then president, Kwesi Nyantakyi.[21] and vice-president George Afriyie,[22] with Frank Davis as director of football, and Edward Bawa as treasurer.[23] The Ghana Football Association (GFA) signed a CN¥92.2 million (US$15 million) deal with Ghanaian state-run oil and gas exploration corporation, Ghana National Petroleum Corporation (GNPC), to sponsor the Black Stars and the renewable contract saw the oil and gas exploration corporation become the global headline sponsor of the Black Stars, with a yearly Black Stars player salary wage bill,[24][25] following the gold mining corporations Ashanti Goldfields Corporation and Goldfields Ghana Limited (GGL), which had been sponsoring the Black Stars since 2005.[26]

On 28 August 2013, Ghana Football Association (GFA) launched a TV channel and named GFA TV, thus becoming the first football association on the African continent to launch its own TV network. The channel has the exclusive rights to broadcast all the Black Stars' matches.[27] In November 2013, the Black Stars signed a 2013–2015 CN¥30.6 million (US$5 million) and an additional classified multi-million private bank sponsorship deal with the Ghanaian state-run private banking institution UniBank.[28]


The Black Stars maintain an average stadium match attendance of 60,000+ and a match attendance high of 80,000+, such as in the case of the Black Stars' 2010 FIFA World Cup quarter-final against Uruguay in which was attended by 84,017 spectators.[29] Ghana's match against England on 29 March 2011 had the largest away following for any association football national team since the re-opening of Wembley Stadium in 2007.[30] The match was watched by 700 million people around the world.[30]

Following the team's appearances at the 2006 and 2010 World Cup tournaments they were greeted by several hundred avid fans dancing and singing at Kotoka International Airport in Accra.[31]


The Black Stars' main footballing rivalry is with the Super Eagles, the national team of Nigeria. The "Battle of Supremacy on the Gulf of Guinea" is between two of the most successful teams on the African continent.[32] The proximity of the two countries to each other, a dispute between the different association football competitions and wider diplomatic competition for influence across West Africa add to this rivalry.[32]

In books and popular culture[edit]

Products including books, documentary films, Azonto dances and songs have been made in the name of the Ghana national football team. These may be intended with commercial motives but are focused on previous and future World Cups or Africa Cup of Nations tournaments.

  • Books: Several books have been published on the team's history and participation in major tournaments. These include Ghana, The Rediscovered Soccer Might: Watch Out World!,[33] about the history and performance of the Black Stars and also all the major association football national teams that the Black Stars have ever played against, and The Black Stars of Ghana by Alan Whelan;[34] about Black Stars commencing their progress through the final rounds of the 2010 World Cup and into the quarter-finals.
Osagyefo Dr. Kwame Nkrumah
  • Documentary films: In 2010 Miracle Films Ghana Limited showcased a vintage documentary film picture, Kwame Nkrumah & Ghana's Black Stars, about Osagyefo Kwame Nkrumah "Africa's man of the 2nd millennium" and "Pan-African pioneer",[35] who invested a lot of energy into making Ghana's association football national team – the Black Stars – a force in African football.[36]
  • Nickname: The Black Star Line, a shipping industry line incorporated by the founder of the Back-to-Africa movement, civil rights movement leader Marcus Garvey and the organiser of the Universal Negro Improvement Association and African Communities League (UNIA) from 1919 to 1922, gives the Ghana national football team their nicknames, the Black Stars of West Africa and the Black Stars of Africa.[36]
  • Dances: Upon the Black Stars scoring against opposition teams, dance forms of the worldwide popular Ghanaian Azonto were performed by Black Stars players in their goal celebrations in match victories at the 2010 World Cup and in 2013, a new elite dance version of the Ghanaian Azonto named; "(Akan: Mmonko)" (shrimp), was established and showcased at the 2013 Africa Cup of Nations by the Black Stars players.[37] Black Stars goal celebrations in match victories at the 2014 World Cup and upon scoring against opposition teams, are to establish and showcase Alkayida.[38]
  • Songs: On occasions of past World Cups or African Championships, a number of Ghanaian musicians with music producers created hiplife football songs which were composed in the Akan language – the 2006 World Cup song, "Akan: Tuntum Nsorom Ye Ko Yen Anim", (Black Stars, We are moving forward) musical composed by the Musicians Union of Ghana, is to motivate the Black Stars to perform creditably in their quest for the capturing of the World Cup trophy.[39] Black Stars' captain and top-goalscorer Asamoah Gyan recorded and released a Hiplife song with 'Castro The Destroyer', where he features under the alias 'Baby Jet'. The song is entitled "African Girls" and is sung in the Akan language and was launched onto the Ghanaian screens, continental West Africa screens and onto the Sub-Saharan Africa screens. The music video shows the famous "Asamoah Gyan Dance" goal celebration which he demonstrated at the 2010 World Cup and in the Premier League. The song "African Girls" won an award at the Ghana Music Awards in 2011. The 2010 World Cup song, "Ghana Black Stars (Official Song 2010 World Cup)" composed by Ghanaian hiplife music group "Kings and Queens Entertainment" approved by the Ghana Football Association (GFA) as the GFA has indicated that the Black Stars are a protected brand.[40]


Current technical staff[edit]

Head Coach Ghana James Kwesi Appiah
Assistant Coach Ghana Maxwell Konadu
Assistant Coach Ghana Ibrahim Tanko
Goalkeeper Coach Ghana Richard Kingson
Goalkeeper Coach Ghana Simon Addo
Technical Coordinator Ghana Franklin Appiah
Technical Coordinator Ghana Joseph Asamoah
Head Scout Ghana Otto Addo
Head Masseur Ghana Samuel Ankomah
Physiotherapists Ghana Colonel Ofosu Anim
Ghana Ralph Frank
Head Psychologist Ghana Professor Joseph Mintah
Head Doctor Ghana Prof. Dr.Chris Adomako
Video Analyst Ghana Michael Okyere
Business Manager Ghana Anthony Baffoe
Equipment Manager Ghana Ismail Amidu
Dentist Ghana David Yaw Edu Arthur

Last updated: October 2014
Source: Ghana Football Association official website

Former head coaches[edit]

Since 1957 Ghana has had 32 different head coaches and three caretakers. C. K. Gyamfi is the most successful of these, leading the Black Stars to three Africa Cup of Nations titles – in 1963, 1965 and 1982 – making Gyamfi the joint most successful coach in the competition's history.[41] Fred Osam Duodu led the Black Stars to their 1978 Africa Cup of Nations title;[42] Ratomir Dujković, Milovan Rajevac, and James Kwesi Appiah, have all led the Black Stars to World Cup qualification.[43][44]


Current squad[edit]

The following players were selected for the 2019 Africa Cup of Nations qualification match against Sierra Leone in October 2018.[45]
Caps and goals updated as 7 June 2018 after the game against Iceland.

No. Pos. Player Date of birth (age) Caps Goals Club
1GK Richard Ofori (1993-11-01) 1 November 1993 (age 25) 12 0 South Africa Maritzburg United
1GK Lawrence Ati-Zigi (1996-11-29) 29 November 1996 (age 21) 1 0 France Sochaux
1GK Felix Annan (1994-11-22) 22 November 1994 (age 23) 0 0 Ghana Asante Kotoko

2DF Harrison Afful (1986-06-24) 24 June 1986 (age 32) 76 0 United States Columbus Crew
2DF John Boye (1987-04-23) 23 April 1987 (age 31) 62 5 France Metz
2DF Jonathan Mensah (1990-07-13) 13 July 1990 (age 28) 60 1 United States Columbus Crew
2DF Daniel Amartey (1994-12-01) 1 December 1994 (age 23) 24 0 England Leicester City
2DF Lumor Agbenyenu (1996-08-15) 15 August 1996 (age 22) 8 0 Portugal Sporting CP
2DF Nicholas Opoku (1997-08-11) 11 August 1997 (age 21) 4 0 Italy Udinese
2DF Andy Yiadom (1991-12-02) 2 December 1991 (age 26) 4 0 England Reading

3MF Kwadwo Asamoah (1988-12-09) 9 December 1988 (age 29) 69 4 Italy Internazionale
3MF Christian Atsu (1992-01-10) 10 January 1992 (age 26) 57 10 England Newcastle United
3MF Wakaso Mubarak (1990-07-25) 25 July 1990 (age 28) 51 12 Spain Alavés
3MF Afriyie Acquah (1992-01-05) 5 January 1992 (age 26) 30 1 Italy Empoli
3MF Thomas Partey (1993-06-13) 13 June 1993 (age 25) 17 7 Spain Atlético Madrid
3MF Thomas Agyepong (1996-10-10) 10 October 1996 (age 22) 5 0 Scotland Hibernian
3MF Isaac Sackey (1994-04-04) 4 April 1994 (age 24) 4 0 Turkey Alanyaspor
3MF Bernard Mensah (1994-10-17) 17 October 1994 (age 24) 3 1 Turkey Kayserispor
3MF Nana Ampomah (1996-01-02) 2 January 1996 (age 22) 3 0 Belgium Waasland-Beveren

4FW Asamoah Gyan (Captain) (1985-11-22) 22 November 1985 (age 32) 106 51 Turkey Kayserispor
4FW Majeed Waris (1991-09-19) 19 September 1991 (age 27) 23 4 France Nantes
4FW Richmond Boakye (1993-01-28) 28 January 1993 (age 25) 13 5 Serbia Red Star Belgrade
4FW Emmanuel Boateng (1996-05-23) 23 May 1996 (age 22) 2 1 Spain Levante

Recent call-ups[edit]

The following players have been called up for Ghana in the last 12 months.

Pos. Player Date of birth (age) Caps Goals Club Latest call-up
GK Joseph Addo (1990-11-02) 2 November 1990 (age 28) 0 0 Ghana Aduana Stars v.  Egypt, 12 November 2017

DF Daniel Opare (1990-10-18) 18 October 1990 (age 28) 17 0 Belgium Royal Antwerp v.  Kenya, 8 September 2018
DF Kasim Nuhu (1995-06-22) 22 June 1995 (age 23) 4 2 Germany 1899 Hoffenheim v.  Kenya, 8 September 2018
DF Rashid Sumaila (1992-12-18) 18 December 1992 (age 25) 10 0 Serbia Red Star Belgrade v.  Iceland, 7 June 2018
DF Joseph Attamah (1994-05-22) 22 May 1994 (age 24) 4 0 Turkey İstanbul Başakşehir v.  Iceland, 7 June 2018
DF Abass Mohamed (1994-07-15) 15 July 1994 (age 24) 0 0 Ghana Inter Allies v.  Egypt, 12 November 2017

MF Frank Acheampong (1993-10-13) 13 October 1993 (age 25) 15 2 China Tianjin TEDA v.  Kenya, 8 September 2018
MF Ebenezer Ofori (1995-07-01) 1 July 1995 (age 23) 7 1 United States New York City FC v.  Kenya, 8 September 2018
MF Edwin Gyasi (1991-07-01) 1 July 1991 (age 27) 4 1 Bulgaria CSKA Sofia v.  Kenya, 8 September 2018
MF Albert Adomah (1987-12-13) 13 December 1987 (age 30) 18 2 England Aston Villa v.  Iceland, 7 June 2018
MF Godfred Donsah (1996-06-07) 7 June 1996 (age 22) 1 0 Italy Bologna v.  Egypt, 12 November 2017
MF Nasiru Mohammed (1994-06-06) 6 June 1994 (age 24) 0 0 Sweden Häcken v.  Egypt, 12 November 2017

FW Raphael Dwamena (1995-09-12) 12 September 1995 (age 23) 7 2 Spain Levante v.  Kenya, 8 September 2018
FW William Owusu (1989-09-13) 13 September 1989 (age 29) 0 0 Belgium Royal Antwerp v.  Kenya, 8 September 2018
FW Kwasi Okyere Wriedt (1994-07-10) 10 July 1994 (age 24) 2 0 Germany Bayern Munich v.  Iceland, 7 June 2018
FW Patrick Twumasi (1994-05-09) 9 May 1994 (age 24) 3 0 Spain Alavés v.  Egypt, 12 November 2017
  • DEC Player refused to join the team after the call-up.
  • INJ Withdrew because of injury.
  • PRE Preliminary squad.
  • RET Player has retired from international football.
  • SUS Suspended from the national team.

Youth teams[edit]

The football association of Ghana (GFA) administers several national teams at different age levels between 16 and 23 years of age.


The under-23 level (or Olympic team) from the 1992 Summer Olympics competes in Olympic football tournaments, Football at the All-Africa Games, CAF U-23 Championship and is restricted to using players aged 23 years and under.[46] The football at the Olympic Games is thus considered as an under-23 World Cup and since the Olympic Games of 1992; the under-23 level has participated in 5 Olympic Games, becoming the first African team to win an Olympic medal when they won bronze in 1992.[46]


The under-20 level is considered as the feeder level to the Black Stars senior squad and has competed at the FIFA U-20 World Cup since its inception in the 1970s. The under-20 level captured the FIFA U-20 World Cup in 2009 after defeating Brazil 4–3 on penalties after the match finished 0–0 in extra time, and becoming the first on the Africa continent to do so. The under-20 level has been champions of the African Youth Championship three times: in 1995, 1999 and 2009, as well as twice runners-up in 2001 and 2013.


The under-17 level is the youngest level and players chosen may not be more than 17 years of age. The team represents Ghana in the FIFA U-17 World Cup. The under-17 team have twice been FIFA U-17 World Cup champions, in 1991 and 1995. Additionally they finished as runners up on two occasions, 1993 and 1997. The under-17 level has participated in eight of the 15 tournaments of the FIFA U-17 World Cup, debuting in Scotland 1989 FIFA U-16 World Championship and dominating the FIFA U-17 World Cup competition in the 1990s, where they reached four consecutive finals.[47] They also twice won the African U-17 Championship.

Competitive record[edit]

Black Stars at the CAF Africa Cup of Nations

Africa Cup of Nations record[edit]

Ghana has won the Africa Cup of Nations four times – in 1963, 1965, 1978, and 1982 – bettered by Cameroon and Egypt. As the first winner of three Nations Cup tournaments, Ghana obtained the right to permanently hold the trophy in 1978.[48] The Black Stars have qualified for the tournament 20 times in total, finishing as runners-up five times, third once, and fourth three times. Thus, Ghana has the most final game appearances at the tournament with nine, essentially making the final in half of its appearances in the tournament. Ghana also holds the record of most consecutive semi-final appearances with five straight between 2008 and 2015.

Africa Cup of Nations Record
Africa Cup of Nations Record GP W D L GF GA GD
Africa Cup of Nations Finals 92 52 17 20 123 71 +48
Africa Cup of Nations
Titles: 4
Appearances: 21
Year Position Year Position Year Position Year Position
Sudan 1957 Did not enter Ghana 1978 Champions Burkina Faso 1998 Round 1 Gabon 2017 Fourth place
Egypt 1959 Did not enter Nigeria 1980 Round 1 GhanaNigeria 2000 Quarter-finals Cameroon 2019 TBD
Ethiopia 1962 Did not qualify Libya 1982 Champions Mali 2002 Quarter-finals Ivory Coast 2021 TBD
Ghana 1963 Champions Ivory Coast 1984 Round 1 Tunisia 2004 Did not qualify Guinea 2023 TBD
Tunisia 1965 Champions Egypt 1986 Did not qualify Egypt 2006 Round 1
Ethiopia 1968 Second place Morocco 1988 Did not qualify Ghana 2008 Third place
Sudan 1970 Second place Algeria 1990 Did not qualify Angola 2010 Second place
Cameroon 1972 Did not qualify Senegal 1992 Second place* GabonEquatorial Guinea 2012 Fourth place
Egypt 1974 Did not qualify Tunisia 1994 Quarter-finals South Africa 2013 Fourth place
Ethiopia 1976 Did not qualify South Africa 1996 Fourth place Equatorial Guinea 2015 Second place*
*Denotes place was determined by penalty kicks.
** Gold background colour indicates that the team won the tournament.
***Red border color indicates the team was a host nation.

African Nations Championship record[edit]

Ghana has competed in three African Nations Championship tournaments, twice finishing as runners-up.

Year Round Position GP W D L GF GA Squad
Ivory Coast Ivory Coast 2009 Runner-up 2nd 5 1 3 1 8 6 Team
Sudan Sudan 2011 Round 1 14th 3 0 0 3 1 4 Team
South Africa South Africa 2014 Runner-up 2nd 6 3 3 0 4 1 Team
Rwanda Rwanda 2016 Did not qualify
Total 3/3 4th 14 4 6 4 13 11 3

African Games[edit]

Football at the African Games has been an under-23 tournament since 1991.
African Games Record
Year Result GP W D L GS GA
Republic of the Congo 1965 - 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nigeria 1973 - 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algeria 1978 - 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kenya 1987 - 0 0 0 0 0 0
1991–present See Ghana national under-23 football team
Total 4/4 0 0 0 0 0 0

West African Nations Cup and WAFU Nations Cup record[edit]

Olympic record[edit]

Bernard Aryee former Black Stars Central midfielder and part of the Bronze Medalist squad at the Barcelona 1992 Olympic football tournament.
Year Round Position GP W D L GF GA
Greece Athens 1896 No association football competition
France Paris 1900 At the 1900 and 1904 Olympics, clubs competed.
United States St. Louis 1904
United Kingdom London 1908 The Gold Coast team did not participate
Sweden Stockholm 1912
Belgium Antwerp 1920
France Paris 1924
Netherlands Amsterdam 1928
United States Los Angeles 1932 No association football competition
Nazi Germany Berlin 1936 The Gold Coast team did not participate
United Kingdom London 1948
Finland Helsinki 1952 Did not participate [a]
Australia Melbourne 1956
Italy Rome 1960 Did not qualify
Japan Tokyo 1964 Quarter-final 7th 4 1 1 2 7 12
Mexico Mexico 1968 Round 1 12th 3 0 2 1 6 8
West Germany Munich 1972 Round 1 16th 3 0 0 3 1 11
Canada Montreal 1976 Round 1 (Did not participate)
Soviet Union Moscow 1980 Did not qualify
United States Los Angeles 1984
South Korea Seoul 1988
Spain Barcelona 1992 Since 1992 olympic football is competed by U-23 [n]
Total 3/19 24th 10 1 3 6 14 31
a. Note: The Gold Coast national football team established in 1950; country known as Gold Coast then renamed Ghana in 1957, not competing in international competitions and not being part of neither FIFA nor CAF until 1958, and therefore also recognized by the International Olympic Committee (IOC).
n. Note: Football at the Summer Olympics has been an under-23 tournament since 1992.

World Cup record[edit]

The Black Stars have qualified for three FIFA World Cup tournaments; 2006, 2010, and 2014. In 2006, Ghana was the only African side to advance to the second round of the World Cup in Germany, and was the sixth nation in a row from Africa to progress beyond the group stages of the World Cup.[49] The Black Stars had the youngest team in the 2006 edition with an average age of 23 years and 352 days,[49] and were praised for their improving performance.[50][51] FIFA ranked Ghana 13th out of the 32 countries who competed in the tournament.[52]

In the 2010 World Cup, Ghana progressed beyond the group stages of the World Cup in South Africa, and reached the quarter-finals where they were eliminated by Uruguay. The Black Stars were defeated on penalty shootout after Luis Suárez hand-balled on the goal line deep into extra time, preventing a certain winning goal.[53] Of the 32 countries that participated in the 2010 edition, FIFA ranked Ghana 7th.[54]

After beating Egypt 7–3 on aggregate in November 2013, Ghana qualified for the 2014 World Cup in Brazil.[55] They were drawn in Group G with Germany, the United States and Portugal.[56] For the first time, Ghana fell in the group stage, tying Germany 2–2 and losing to both the United States and Portugal by 2–1.[57]

Black Stars at the World Cup and Black Stars vs. Uruguay in the 2010 FIFA World Cup quarter-final match at Soccer City, Johannesburg on 2 July 2010
FIFA World Cup record
FIFA World Cup record GP W D L GF GA GD
World Cup Finals 9 4 3 5 13 16 −3
World Cup Quals (H) 34 24 8 2 78 19 +59
World Cup Quals (A) 33 9 8 16 37 42 −5
World Cup Total 76 37 18 21 124 71 +53
FIFA World Cup record
Year Round Position Pld W D L GF GA
Uruguay 1930 to Sweden 1958 Did not enter
Chile 1962 Did not qualify
England 1966 Withdrew
Mexico 1970 to Argentina 1978 Did not qualify
Spain 1982 Withdrew
Mexico 1986 to South Korea Japan 2002 Did not qualify
Germany 2006 Round of 16 13th 4 2 0 2 4 6
South Africa 2010 Quarter-finals 7th 5 2 2 1 5 4
Brazil 2014 Group stage 25th 3 0 1 2 4 6
Russia 2018 Did not qualify
Qatar 2022 To be determined
Canada Mexico United States 2026
Total Quarter-finals 3/21 12 4 3 5 13 16

Team honours[edit]

Last updated 8 February 2015

Continental tournaments[edit]

Winners (4): Gold medal africa.svg 1963, Gold medal africa.svg 1965, Gold medal africa.svg 1978, Gold medal africa.svg 1982
Runners-up (5): Silver medal africa.svg 1968, Silver medal africa.svg 1970, Silver medal africa.svg 1992, Silver medal africa.svg 2010, Silver medal africa.svg 2015
Runners-up (2): 2nd, silver medalist(s) 2009, 2nd, silver medalist(s) 2014

Continental Subregion[edit]

Winners (3): 1959, 1960, 1963
Winners (5): 1982, 1983, 1984, 1986, 1987
Third place (1): 1991
Winner (1): 2013
Third place (1): 2010

Other tournaments and cups[edit]

Runners up: 1982
  • Samuel K. Doe Cup 1986[60]
Runners up: 1986
  • Black Stars Tournament 1993 (Libreville, Gabon)[61]
Third: 1993
  • Great Artificial River Championship 1999 (Libya)[62]
Runners up: 1999
Third: 2003

Other awards[edit]

Results and fixtures[edit]






Most capped players[edit]

Asamoah Gyan is the top scorer with 51, and the most capped with 106
As of 12 November 2017
Players in bold are still active.
Most Capped Players
# Name Career Caps Goals
1 Asamoah Gyan 2003–present 106 51
2 Richard Kingson 1996–2011 92 1
3 John Paintsil 2001–2013 90 0
4 Sulley Muntari 2002–2014 85 20
5 John Mensah 2001–2012 83 3
6 André Ayew 2007–present 79 14
7 Emmanuel Agyemang-Badu 2008–present 78 11
8 Harrison Afful 2008–present 76 0
9 Kwadwo Asamoah 2009–present 69 4
10 Abedi Pele 1982–1998 67 19

See also[edit]



  1. ^ "The FIFA/Coca-Cola World Ranking". FIFA. 25 October 2018. Retrieved 25 October 2018.
  2. ^ Elo rankings change compared to one year ago. "World Football Elo Ratings". 13 November 2018. Retrieved 13 November 2018.
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Titles chronology[edit]

Last updated 28 November 2013

Preceded by
1962 Ethiopia 
African Champions
1963 (First title)
1965 (Second title)
Succeeded by
1968 DR Congo 
Preceded by
1976 Morocco 
African Champions
1978 (Third title)
Succeeded by
1980 Nigeria 
Preceded by
1980 Nigeria 
African Champions
1982 (Fourth title)
Succeeded by
1984 Cameroon 
Preceded by
Inaugural Champions
West African Champions
1982 (First title)
1983 (Second title)
1984 (Third title)
1986 (Fourth title)
1987 (Fifth title)
Succeeded by
WAFU Nations Cup
Preceded by
2011 Togo 
WAFU Nations Cup Champions
2013 (First title)
Succeeded by

External links[edit]