Ghanaian general election, 2016

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Ghanaian presidential election, 2016

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Opinion polls

  Nana Akufo-Addo at European Development Days 2017.jpg John Dramani Mahama 2014 (cropped).jpg
Nominee Nana Akufo-Addo John Mahama
Party NPP NDC
Popular vote 5,716,026 4,713,277
Percentage 53.9% 44.4%

Ghana 2016 Election Regional Results Map.svg
Presidential election results map. Green denotes provinces won by Mahama, and Blue denotes those won by Akufo-Addo.

President before election

John Dramani Mahama
NDC

President-elect

Nana Akufo-Addo
NPP

Coat of arms of Ghana.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Ghana
Constitution

General elections were held in Ghana on 7 December 2016 to elect a President and Members of Parliament.[1] They had originally been scheduled for 7 November 2016,[2] but the date was later rejected by Parliament.[1] Former foreign minister Nana Akufo-Addo of the opposition New Patriotic Party was elected President on his third attempt, defeating incumbent President John Mahama of the National Democratic Congress.

The election results were announced on 9 December 2016 due to a delay of voting in two areas. At 19:51 local time, Mahama called Akufo-Addo to concede defeat. At 20:45, the Electoral Commission declared that Akufo-Addo had defeated Mahama in a single round, the first time that a sitting president of Ghana had failed to win a second term.

Electoral system[edit]

The president is elected using the two-round system, whilst the 275 members of Parliament are elected in single-member constituencies using first-past-the-post voting.

Eligible voters must be Ghanaian citizens who are at least 18 years old, although those declared insane are disenfranchised. Parliamentary candidates must be Ghanaian citizens at least 21 years old, and either be resident in their constituency or have lived there for at least five of the ten years prior to the election.[3]

Candidates[edit]

Presidential candidates[edit]

Over 16 people filed with the election commission to run for president. However, 13 presidential candidates were disqualified due to incorrect filing procedures. The disqualified candidates included former first lady Nana Konadu Agyeman Rawlings, the president of the National Democratic Party.[4] There was some controversy due to allegations that the candidates were disqualified for political reasons. The Electoral Commission denied all accusations. After the disqualification, only four presidential candidates remained. However, the presidential candidate of the Progressive People's Party (PPP) Paa Kwesi Nduom took the EC to court over his disqualification. The court finally ruled in his favour, allowing him to join the race.[5] Two other candidates who were disqualified also followed suit, leading to there being seven candidates.

Ivor Greenstreet from the Convention People's Party was the first physically challenged candidate to contest a presidential election.[6]

Party Presidential Candidate Running Mate
National Democratic Congress John Dramani Mahama Kwesi Amissah-Arthur[7]
Convention People's Party Ivor Greenstreet Gabby Nsiah Nketiah[8]
New Patriotic Party Nana Akufo-Addo[9] Mahamudu Bawumia[7]
Progressive People's Party Paa Kwesi Nduom Brigitte Dzogbenuku[10]
People's National Convention Edward Mahama Emmanuel Anyidoho[11]
National Democratic Party Nana Konadu Agyeman Rawlings Kojo Mensah Sosu[12]
Independent Candidate Jacob Osei Yeboah Daniel Wilson Torto[13]

Parliament[edit]

A total of 1,144 candidates contested the 275 seats in Parliament. The NDC and NPP both ran full slates of 275 candidates, whilst the CPP (222 candidates) and PPP (163) were the only two other parties to run in over half the seats. The PNC nominated 64 candidates, the NDP 33, the APC 20, the GCPP 10, the UFP six and the DPP and UPP both had only one candidate. The other 74 candidates were independents.[14]

Opinion polls[edit]

President[edit]

Poll source Date Sample size Undecided Mahama
NDC
Akufo-Addo
NPP
Nduom
PPP
Greenstreet
CPP
Other candidates Notes
Restart International 5 December 2016 2,000 54.7% 43.7%
Ben Ephson 28 November 2016 N/A 52.4% 45.9% 1.7% 2% margin of error
Ben Ephson October 2016 N/A 50.8% 47.5% 1.7% 2% margin of error
Goodman AMC August 2016 2,184 N/A 48% 45% 7% 0% 2.1% margin of error
Goodman AMC June 2016 1,644 N/A 44% 49% 6% 1% 2.3% margin of error
Goodman AMC April 2016 1,216 N/A 32% 65% 3% 0%

Preliminary results[edit]

Constituencies won by
– Nana Akufo-Addo
– John Dramani Mahama

President[edit]

Candidate Party Votes %
Nana Akufo-Addo New Patriotic Party 5,716,026 53.85
John Dramani Mahama National Democratic Congress 4,713,277 44.40
Paa Kwesi Nduom Progressive People's Party 105,682 1.00
Ivor Greenstreet Convention People's Party 25,395 0.24
Edward Mahama People's National Convention 22,214 0.21
Nana Konadu Agyeman Rawlings National Democratic Party 16,878 0.16
Jacob Osei Yeboah Independent 15,889 0.15
Invalid/blank votes 166,248
Total 10,781,917 100
Registered voters/turnout 15,712,499 68.62
Source: Electoral Commission Ghana

By region[edit]

Region Nana Akufo-Addo at European Development Days 2017.jpg John Dramani Mahama 2014 (cropped).jpg
Nana Akufo-Addo
NPP
John Dramani Mahama
NDC
Votes % Votes %
Ashanti 1,647,220 76.27 497,242 23.02
Brong-Ahafo 510,501 54.07 421,451 44.64
Central 495,583 53.21 404,648 43.44
Eastern 647,334 63.92 355,163 35.07
Greater Accra 1,006,458 51.79 918,476 47.27
Northern 398,384 42.25 521,850 55.35
Upper East 157,607 34.17 273,193 59.22
Upper West 96,762 36.64 153,338 58.06
Volta 104,365 15.79 545,309 82.53
Western 530,146 52.37 459,446 45.38
Source: Peace FM

Parliament[edit]

Party Votes % Seats +/–
New Patriotic Party 5,663,786 52.50 171 +48
National Democratic Congress 4,567,429 42.34 104 –44
Progressive People's Party 187,078 1.73 0
Convention People's Party 72,677 0.67 0 –1
People's National Convention 42,405 0.39 0 –1
National Democratic Party 10,067 0.09 0
All People's Congress 2,352 0.02 0
United Front Party 896 0.01 0
Democratic People's Party 867 0.01 0
Great Consolidated Popular Party 831 0.01 0
United Progressive Party 430 0.00 0
Independents 238,790 2.21 0 –3
Invalid/blank votes
Total 10,787,608 100 275 0
Registered voters/turnout 15,712,499
Source: Peace FM

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Parliament rejects November 7 Election date". Ghana News Agency. 21 July 2016. Retrieved 22 July 2016. 
  2. ^ Parliament approves GHC826m for 2016 elections Ghana Web, 21 December 2015
  3. ^ Electoral system IPU
  4. ^ Clottey, Peter. "Ghana Electoral Body Denies Candidates' Disqualifications Politically Motivated". VOA. Retrieved 2016-10-28. 
  5. ^ Nduom back in the race; floors EC in court Citi FM, 28 October 2016
  6. ^ "Who is Ivor Greenstreet?". www.ghanaweb.com. Retrieved 2016-10-28. 
  7. ^ a b Bilie Adwoa McTernan. "Ghana's NPP prepares for the 2016 presidential race - West Africa". Retrieved 7 September 2014. 
  8. ^ "CPP chooses Gabby Nketia as running mate". www.citifmonline.com. citifmonline.com. Retrieved 3 October 2016. 
  9. ^ "Ghana: Akuffo Addo to contest 2016 Presidential Election - TVC NEWS". Retrieved 7 September 2014. 
  10. ^ Myjoyonline.com (4 August 2016). "Nduom picks former Miss Ghana as running mate". 
  11. ^ "PNC settles on Havard-trained economist as running mate". www.citifmonline.com. citifmonline.com. Retrieved 12 November 2016. 
  12. ^ "NDP unveils Kojo Mensah Sosu as running mate". www.ghanaweb.com. Ghanaweb.com. Retrieved 12 November 2016. 
  13. ^ "JOY selects Wilson Torto as running mate". www.ghanaweb.com. ghanaweb.com. Retrieved 12 November 2016. 
  14. ^ Parliament: Election 2016 Peace FM