Ghanaian passports are issued exclusively by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Regional Integration to Ghanaians granted citizenship in accordance with the Ghanaian nationality law. There are three types of passport booklets – contemporary (regular), service, and diplomatic passports. Ghanaian passport booklets are valid for travel by Ghanaians anywhere in the world, although the holder may need to obtain a visa from the destination country when travelling for some purposes. More than one valid Ghanaian passport of the same type may not be held.
There are three types of Ghanaian passports:
- Contemporary – Issuable to all citizens and non-citizen nationals and valid for ten years from the date of issue.
- Service – Issuable to officials attached to government institutions who travel on official business.
- Diplomatic – Issuable to Ghanaian diplomats accredited overseas and their eligible dependents.
- Paper size B7 (ISO/IEC 7810 ID-3, 88 mm × 125 mm (3.5 in × 4.9 in))
- 32 pages (passports with more pages can be issued to frequent travelers)
Contemporary passports are hunter green in color, service passports are cadet grey, and diplomatic passports are auburn. At the top is printed "ECONOMIC COMMUNITY OF WEST AFRICAN STATES (ECOWAS)" followed by "COMMUNAUTE ECONOMIQUE DES ETATS DE L'AFRIQUE DE L'OUEST (CEDEAO)". The words "REPUBLIC OF GHANA" follow. The CEDEAO/ECOWAS emblem appears next. At the bottom are the words "PASSPORT" and "PASSEPORT", "SERVICE PASSPORT" and "PASSEPORT DE SERVICE", or "DIPLOMATIC PASSPORT" and "PASSEPORT DIPLOMATIQUE", depending on the type of passport (contemporary, service, or diplomatic, respectively).
The following information about the owner is printed on the identification page in both English and French:
The standards for the photograph are:
- 2 in × 2 in (5.1 cm × 5.1 cm)
- Front view, full face, open eyes, closed mouth, and natural expression
- Full head from top of hair to shoulders
- Plain background
- No shadows on face or in background
- No sunglasses; no hat
- Normal contrast and lighting but must not be blurred
Passports of many countries contain a message, nominally from the official who is in charge of passport issuance (e.g., secretary of state, minister of foreign affairs), addressed to authorities of other countries. The message identifies the bearer as a citizen of the issuing country, requests that he or she be allowed to enter and pass through the other country, and requests further that, when necessary, he or she be given help consistent with international norms. In Ghanaian passports, the message is in English and reads:
These are to request and require in the name of the President of the Republic of Ghana all those whom it may concern to allow the bearer to pass freely without let or hindrance and to afford him or her every assistance and protection of which he or she may stand in need.
As of February 2018[update], the fee for a new passport with regular (15-day) delivery time was GH₵50.00 (US$11.20 in February 2018) Three-day express service is available for GH₵50.00 additional.
To conform to the recommended standards (i.e., size, composition, layout, technology) set by the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO), Ghana has issued biometric passports as standard since March 2010, though existing non-biometric passports were valid until November 2015.
To facilitate the application for and acquisition of Ghanaian passports, Passport Application Centers (PACs) have been set up around the major cities of Ghana, including Accra, Kumasi, Tamale, Ho, Sekondi-Takoradi, and in Sunyani.
In December 2018, the Government of Ghana introduced a new Premium Passport Application Centre, located at the Accra Digital Centre, to process online passport applications faster. The Premium Passport Application Centre enables applicants to go through the passport application process within 30 minutes but at an additional charge of GH₵50.00 (US$10.30 in December 2018).
Passports issued for applications received starting 31 March 2019 have a validity period of ten years (it was previously five years). RECENT
- Tetteh, Cherko (29 September 2019). "Ghana Passport Application Procedures And All Details: Updated 2019/2020". Avenuegh.com. Retrieved 2019-10-06.
- "United States dollar (USD) and Ghanaian cedi (GHS) Year 2018 Exchange Rate History. Yahoo Finance (Yahoo!)". freecurrencyrates.com. Retrieved 2019-10-06.
- "Ghanaian Passport Acquisition". Ghana Immigration Service. 27 February 2018. Retrieved 2019-10-06. Note: The site quotes a price of GH₵50 as being equal to US$35, but the real market rate in February 2018 was US$11.20. It is not clear which fee is actually charged.
- "Bio-Passports Ready: Migration Starts Tuesday". GhanaWeb.com. 19 March 2010. Retrieved 2019-10-06.
- Ghanaian Times (22 May 2009). "Ghanaians to get biometric passports in 2010 : Ghana Business News". GhanaBusinessNews.com. Archived from the original on 2011-01-22. Retrieved 2019-10-06.
- "Ghana Passport: Full Guide - Apply Online & Get it Delivered in 15 Days". Mfidie.com. 29 April 2019. Archived from the original on 2019-05-01. Retrieved 2019-10-06.
- Daily Graphic (19 March 2019). "Ghana's biometric passport ready". GhanaBusinessNews.com. Archived from the original on 2011-07-22. Retrieved 2019-10-06.
- "Premium Ghana Passport Centre to cost GHS 50 more for express service". Mfidie.com. 26 December 2018. Archived from the original on 2019-05-01. Retrieved 2019-10-06.