Ghanaian general election, 2012
|This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
A general election was held in Ghana on Friday 7 December 2012 to elect a president and members of parliament in 275 electoral constituencies. Owing to the breakdown of some biometric verification machines, some voters could not vote, and voting was extended to Saturday 8 December 2012. A run-off was scheduled for 28 December 2012 if no presidential candidate received an absolute majority of 50% plus one vote. Competing for presidency were incumbent president John Dramani Mahama of the National Democratic Congress, his main challenger Nana Akufo-Addo of the New Patriotic Party and six other candidates.
Incumbent president John Mahama was declared winner of the election with 50.7% of the vote, just a few thousand votes over the threshold for avoiding a run-off election. Nana Akufo-Addo received 47.74%. The opposition alleged tampering with results by the Electoral Commission (EC), and filed a petition at the Ghanaian Supreme Court to review the election results. NPP produced more than 11,000 so-called "pink sheets" to the judges who had to compare them to similar papers from the EC, NDC and possibly other parties. These pink sheets state the results as counted in single polling stations, before aggregating them to any higher level, such as municipality, district and region. NPP claimed that there were differences between the results as stated immediately after their counting in polling stations, and those which were used in aggregations, and that this can be proven by the pink sheets. In a separate part of the procedure, the EC was challenged to prove that 14,000 expat Ghanaians had voted abroad, and failed to produce any registered voters in foreign countries due to, so EC, the fatal work of a virus in its computer.
Biometric voters registration
The Electoral Commission of Ghana successfully held a biometric system of registration for the electorate from 24 March 2012 to 5 May 2012. The move was aimed to prevent double registration and to eliminate ghost names in the old register.
|Region||New Constituencies in 2012||Total seats|
Observers from ECOWAS Observer Mission led by former Nigerian president, General Olusegun Obasanjo also monitored the elections. The mission noted the technical glitches caused by faulty biometric machines but added that it had not undermined the fairness and transparency of the election.
There have been accusations against the media for not covering the election in a fair manner after a media have projected that the main opposition.
Following the death of incumbent President John Atta Mills amid concerns for the election, leader of the Electoral Commission of Ghana Kwadwo Afari-Gyan said that "the election calendar remains unchanged—it's purely a party matter" and the National Democratic Congress had to decide who to nominate as its new candidate.
The main talking point following the close of nominations was the disqualification of Nana Konadu Agyeman Rawlings, leader of the newly formed National Democratic Party. This was due to errors in the documentation presented to the Electoral Commission.
Eight candidates were on the ballot.
|Party||Candidate Name||Religion||Date of Birth||Hometown and Region||Highest Educational Qualification||Institution||Present or Last Employer||Position||Profession||Marital Status|
|People's National Convention||Hassan Ayariga||Muslim||4 September 1972||Bawku, Upper East Region||Ex. Masters in Governance and Leadership||Graduate School of Governance and Leadership||Clean Up Ghana||Managing Director||Accountancy||Married|
|National Democratic Congress||John Dramani Mahama||Christian||29 November 1958||Bole, Northern Region||Post Graduate Degree||University of Ghana||Government of Ghana||President of the Republic of Ghana||Communications/Media||Married|
|Progressive People's Party||Papa Kwesi Nduom||Catholic||15 February 1953||Elmina, Central Region||PHD||University of Wisconsin||First National Savings and Loans Company||CEO||Management Consultant||Married|
|New Patriotic Party||Nana Addo Dankwa Akufo-Addo||Christian||29 March 1944||Kyebi, Eastern Region||Bsc. Econ||University of Ghana||Government of Ghana||Minister for Foreign Affairs||Legal Practitioner||Married|
|Convention People's Party||Michael Abu Sakara Foster||Christian||15 August 1958||Mankuna, Northern Region||Doctor of Philosophy||University of Reading||Unknown||Executive Director||Agronomist||Married|
|United Front Party||Akwasi Addai Odike||Christian||13 September 1964||Adwumakase Kese, Ashanti Region||'O' Level||Aduman Secondary School||Odike Ventures||CEO||Businessman||Married|
|Independent Candidate||Jacob Osei Yeboah||Christian||28 October 1968||Atonsu, Nsuta, Ashanti Region||MBA||University of Warwick||Vital Source Limited||Director for West Africa||Engineering Consultant||Married|
|Great Consolidated Popular Party||Henry Herbert Lartey||Christian||5 February 1954||Osu, Greater Accra Region||MBA Economics and Finance||University of Bath||Unknown||Executive Director||Finance, Agriculture And International Trade||Single|
The following eight candidates have been approved by their parties and the Electoral Commission of Ghana as running mates of the above listed presidential candidates for the election on 7 December 2012.
|People's National Convention||Helen Sanorita Dzatugbe Matrevi||F||Bilingual Translator|
|National Democratic Congress||Kwesi Amissah-Arthur||M||Economist|
|Progressive People's Party||Eva Lokko||F||CEO|
|New Patriotic Party||Mahamudu Bawumia||M||Economist|
|Convention People's Party||Nana Akosua Frimpomaa||F||Social Activist|
|United Front Party||Fred Osei Agyen||M||Agriculturist|
|Independent Candidate||Kelvin Nii Tackie||M||Business Executive|
|Great Consolidated Popular Party||John Amekah||M||Retired Educationist|
|John Dramani Mahama||National Democratic Congress||5,574,761||50.70|
|Nana Akufo-Addo||New Patriotic Party||5,248,898||47.74|
|Paa Kwesi Nduom||Progressive People's Party||64,362||0.59|
|Henry Herbert Lartey||Great Consolidated Popular Party||38,223||0.35|
|Ayariga Hassan||People's National Convention||24,617||0.22|
|Michael Abu Sakara Foster||Convention People's Party||20,323||0.18|
|Jacob Osei Yeboah||Independent||15,201||0.14|
|Akwasi Addai Odike||United Front Party||8,877||0.08|
|Source: Electoral Commission of Ghana|
|New Patriotic Party||5,248,862||47.51||123||+16|
|National Democratic Congress||5,127,671||46.41||148||+32|
|Progressive People's Party||182,649||1.65||0||0|
|Convention People's Party||81,009||0.73||1||0|
|People's National Convention||72,618||0.66||1||–1|
|National Democratic Party||33,857||0.31||0||0|
|United Front Party||3,322||0.03||0||0|
|Democratic People's Party||3,013||0.03||0||0|
|New Vision Party||1,232||0.01||0||0|
|United Renaissance Party||840||0.01||0||0|
|Independent People's Party||679||0.01||0||0|
|Great Consolidated Popular Party||653||0.01||0||0|
|Yes People's Party||145||0.00||0||0|
|United Renaissance Party||140||0.00||0||0|
|Ghana Freedom Party||77||0.00||0||0|
|Source: Electoral Commission of Ghana[dead link]|
The non-partisan Coalition of Domestic Election Observers (CODEO), the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) and the African Union (AU) all declared that the elections were, for the most part, free and fair. Despite this, there were still widespread allegations of voting irregularities, though these were dismissed as unsubstantiated by the electoral commission chairman. As a result of these claims, the New Patriotic Party immediately rejected the results upon their release and its candidate, Nana Akufo-Addo, remarked that his party's leaders would be meeting on 11 December to consider their options, one of which is to contest the results by lodging an appeal in court. Violent opposition was however ruled out.
African Union commission chairman Thomas Yayi flew to Ghana to meet with the two men. He was also reported to have congratulated Mahama on his victory, and charged him to preside over an all-inclusive government. Yayi praised the conduct and the participants of the election.
In a statement after being declared the victor, Mahama gave a reconciliatory message, saying "I wish to welcome my fellow candidates to join me now as partners in the project of nation building and of creating a better Ghana.”
- "Regional Distribution of 275 Constituencies". Electoral Commission of Ghana. Retrieved 8 December 2012.
- "Ghana election: Voting enters second day". BBC. 8 December 2012. Retrieved 8 December 2012.
- "Profile of 2012 Presidential Candidates". Official website. Electoral Commission of Ghana. Retrieved 24 October 2012.
- "Ghana election: John Mahama declared winner". BBC News. 10 December 2012.
- "Ghana's Mahama wins election, opposition cries foul". Reuters. 9 December 2012.
- "Ghana swears in Mahama as new president". Al Jazeera. 25 July 2012. Retrieved 10 December 2012.
- "Pre-election in Ghana". Ajazeera. Retrieved 7 November 2012.
- "Compilation of Biometric Register Begins March 24". General news. Ghana Home Page. Retrieved 28 March 2012.
- "Ghana Think". Ghana Think. Retrieved 7 November 2012.
- "Controversy Over the Creation OF 45 New Constituencies". Modern Ghana. Retrieved 9 December 2012.
- "CODEO to deploy observers for 2012 elections". Ghana Business News. Retrieved 8 December 2012.
- "CODEO Ready To Observe Election 2012". Ghana Web. Retrieved 8 December 2012.
- "Electoral Challenges Has Not Undermined Election Process—Obasanjo Observes". Modern Ghana. Retrieved 8 December 2012.
- "Ghana: John Mahama declared election winner". The Daily Telegraph. London. 9 December 2012. Retrieved 27 January 2013.
- "Nana Konadu's Presidential dream crashed". General news. Ghana Home Page. 18 October 2012. Retrieved 25 October 2012.
- "Profile of 2012 Presidential Candidates". Official website. Electoral Commission of Ghana. Retrieved 14 November 2012.
- "Ghana election: NPP considers challenge to John Mahama win". BBC News. 10 December 2012. Retrieved 10 December 2012.
- Felix, Bate (10 December 2012). "Ghana opposition contender might challenge election results". Reuters. Retrieved 10 December 2012.
- Essel, Issac (10 December 2012). "Update: AU chairman to meet Nana Akufo-Addo, after meeting Mahama". Joy Online. Retrieved 10 December 2012.
- "Ghana's Judiciary sets up complaint secretariats for post elections petitions". Ghana Business News. 10 December 2012. Retrieved 10 December 2012.
- "Leave behind era of pettiness, intolerance and negativity – Mahama urges". Ghana Web. 10 December 2012. Retrieved 10 December 2012.