Ghanche District

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Ghanche District
ضلع گانچھے
Map of Gilgit–Baltistan with Ghanche District highlighted in maroon.
Map of Gilgit–Baltistan with Ghanche District highlighted in maroon.
Country Pakistan
Province Gilgit-Baltistan
Division Baltistan
Capital Khaplu
 • Total 4,052 km2 (1,564 sq mi)
Population (1998)
 • Total 88,366
Time zone PST (UTC+5)

Ghanche District(Urdu: ضلع گانچھے‎) (Balti: Gangchay) is the easternmost district of Gilgit–Baltistan, Pakistan.[1][2][3] To its northeast is Xinjiang (China), to the north and northwest is Skardu District, to its west is Astore District and to its south is Ladakh of Indian administered Jammu and Kashmir. The Actual Ground Position Line (AGPL) at the easternmost part of Ghanche District is located across the Saltoro Ridge. Territory east of the AGPL is currently controlled by India including the entire Siachen Glacier. It has been proposed by moderates in Pakistan and India to make the Siachen Glacier region a Peace Park. Pakistan controls west of Saltoro Ridge.

The capital of Ghanche District is Khaplu.[4] This region is the coldest place within Pakistan also called the "Third Pole" with temperatures reaching below -20 °C in the winter. Khaplu Valley and Hushe Valley form the gateway for the great Baltoro Muztagh, the subrange of Karakoram [5] that includes the mighty peaks of K2 (8,611 m), Broad Peak (8,047 m), Gasherbrums (8,000+ m) and Masherbrum (7,821 m) (all of which are included in the Skardu District).[6]


The word Gangchay is Balti and means "glacier". It is locally used by natives of the Khaplu Valley for Shyok river which flows the length of Khaplu town. When the Pakistani government gave it the grade of district, people of the valley selected the name of "Ghanche" willingly.[7]


An evening at Goma village, Ghanche, Gilgit and Baltistan in Pakistan was taken just before the start of winter season.

Khaplu consists of 56 blocks, each block containing many villages and these blocks have been divided into three subdivisions: Khaplu, Daghoni and Masherbrum. Four villages of Chorbat Valley were lost by Indian invasion in 1971. They were Chalunka, Tyakshi, Thang and Turtuk.[8] Some of them are given in the chart below.

Name of Village/Town[9] Muhallahs in the Village/Town
Khaplu Bala Mouldomar, Sargaib, Stodkhoor (Braqchansar, Khanser, Banpi, Hundili Gharalti, Laxar), Khanqah, Naqzigroung, Gamba Bathong, Goma Bathong, Goma staqji (Muhsinabad), Langkhong (Islamabad),Hatchhe khar, Hatchhe,Tasawof Abad Hatchhe, Dinis(faizbaksh sector), Bngriya,Doqsa, Garbochung
Khaplu Pain Kraming, Malaliwa, Ansoq, Kongbozang, Gongmayar, Baqerpi gund. Mekxerpi, Goqpi Mirpiser, Thaskong, Ghares, Morgoto, Helam groung, Braqchan, Chaqchan, mongrong, Beadenday, Hipi, Askari gond, Chilabatigond, Kowakhong, Stronpi, Konowa, Khsergroung, Garboung

Kharkoo Malayar, Mandik, Arabpa, Thana, Tranzong, Garbong, Yoskil, Tapari, Lahar,

Chorbat Siksa (Kalan, Sokhmos), Chowar, Siari, Pion, Hassanabad, Ameerabad, Dawoo, Marcha, Partook, Thoqmus, Franu
Saling Banpi Gabkhore,Doqbar ,Biliggrong,Sotol,Gond
Thagas Olday Groung, Garbi Groung, Kharat, Arif Abad, Chansoq, Newti Chan, Farol, Baqmacho, Kharkhor, Bandy Groung, Arappi Groung, Ool, Tholdi, Dung.
Yugo Baqir Colony
Ghawari Ghulu Khor, Manjar, Sain (Hill Town), Chogo Grong, Shahoba, Zangi Ba, Manowa, Sobi Gon, Rahinpi Khor, Mala Abdul pi khor, Mayokhor, Duskhor, Soq, Gintha
Kuro Farool, Khankah grong, Sato, Gharaqpi gond, Katchurdas,
Gulshan-e-Kabir Tranzong, Gonpon, Kharkhor (Kharkhor & Bongri), Farol (Gapkhor & Yarol)
Talis Nima bazar, hussani chock,
Surmo Choghogrong, Tarkari, Tishari, Gond, Khar
Kundos Karmanding, Choghogrong, Lachat, Thang, Hano, Khorkondo
Machulu Ashurpi, Malikpi, Manthalpi, Khadi, Badawa, Hilbi, Mallon, Teshari, Marin, Bongri, Baqdurpi
Balghar Lahar, marmung
BARA Valley Baltistan Gumba BARA (Hilfiyuoq, Kharfiyouq, Bara Gond, BrouqPa, Thupori), Gungma BARA (Spinpi, Sampa, MantholPa, Khanka,Pandiva, ChounPa, Mirikpa, Shourova, MominPa, QadeerPa, Tatous)
Thalay Haltagari Baltoro, daltir, yarkhor,taso,harangus,parangus,chondu,khasomik,bordas,gaworic,lodas.


All the people living in Ghanche are Muslims and mostly people belong to Nurbakhshi (90%) branch of Islam whereas there are Shia Ithna-ashri and others (10%) Muslims as well. The scholar is religious leader called ‘Bowa’ in local language and has very important place in society.


According to the Alif Ailaan Pakistan District Education Rankings 2015, Ghanche is ranked 54 out of 148 districts in terms of education. For facilities and infrastructure, the district is ranked 98 out of 148.[10]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "The serenity of Ghanche: Of mountains, rivers and valleys". 
  2. ^ "Mapping education in Pakistan 2015". 
  3. ^ "Rifts within Nurbakhshiyas: Dozens arrested after clashes in Ghanche Valley". 
  4. ^ "Khaplu — off the beaten path". 
  5. ^ Balghari, Sajjad H:"Sayyid Muhammad Nurbakhsh Qahistani", Monthly Nawa-i-Sufia, Islamabad, Issoue No.12, 1995
  6. ^ "History of Ganche and places to see". Archived from the original on 2013-06-18. 
  7. ^ Arz-e-Shimal by Alhaj Muhammad Ibrahim Zair
  8. ^ "geography of baltistan". 
  9. ^ District Body Ghanche
  10. ^ "Individual district profile link, 2015". Alif Ailaan. Retrieved 2015-05-07.