Ghantasala (singer)

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Ghantasala
Ghantasala statue at Tummalapalli Kshetrayya Kalakshetram.JPG
Ghantasala statue at Tummalapalli Kshetrayya Kalakshetram
Background information
Birth name Ghantasala Venkateswara Rao
Born (1922-12-04)4 December 1922
Choutapalli, Gudivada, Krishna district, Madras Presidency, India
Died 11 February 1974(1974-02-11) (aged 51)
Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
Genres Film music (playback singing), Indian classical music
Occupation(s) Singer, composer
Years active 1942–1974
Website www.ghantasala.info

Ghantasala Venkateswara Rao (4 December 1922 – 11 February 1974) was an Indian film, composer, Playback singer known for his works predominantly in Telugu cinema, and few Tamil, Kannada, Malayalam, Tulu and Hindi language films. In 1970, he received the Padma Shri award, India's fourth highest civilian award for his contribution to Indian cinema. According to "The Hindu", and "The Indian Express" Ghantasala was "Such a divine talent and with his songs he could move the hearts of the people." "Ghantasala's blending of classical improvisations to the art of light music combined with his virtuosity and sensitivity puts him a class apart, above all others in the field of playback singing"."[1][2] "Gifted with what Indian Film Historian V. A. K. Ranga Rao called "the most majestic voice", Ghantasala helped Telugu film music develop its own distinct character which remains unparalleled". He is referred to as the "Gaana Gandharva" for his mesmerising voice and musical skills.[3]

Ghantasala performed in the United States, England and Germany, and had the distinction for performing for the United Nations Organisation. The government of Andhra Pradesh marked the occasion of 25 years of his film career as Silver Jubilee Celebrations of Ghantasala in Hyderabad on 1 February 1970. More than 30,000 people attended the function held at the Lal Bahadur Stadium, Hyderabad.[4] Ghantasala continues to be popular. Statutes of his likeness have been installed across Andhra Pradesh. Every year, the anniversaries of his birth and death are celebrated in India and overseas.[5][6][7][8][9][10] [11][12]

The Ghantasala Puraskar Award 2014, given every year by Sharan Incorporation, has been conferred on Rao Bala Saraswathi Devi, who was the first Telugu playback singer.[13] The Government music college in Vijayawada, Andhra Pradesh, is named after Ghantasala.[14] Ghantasala Sangeetha Kalasala college in Hyderabad and Vizag offers six-month and one-year diploma courses on Ghantasala's light music, songs and music.[15]

Early life[edit]

Ghantasala was born in 1922 into a Telugu speaking family of Soorayya Ghantasala, a professional singer in Chowtapalli, a village in Gudivada taluk of Krishna District.[3] During his childhood, Ghantasala used to dance to his father's Tarangams. His father died when Ghantasala was a child, and he was brought up by his maternal uncle. He took formal music training from Patrayani Sitarama Sastry, and joined Maharajah's Government College of Music and Dance in Vijayanagram.[16]

Career[edit]

Ghantasala participated in the Quit India Movement of 1942, for which he was arrested and imprisoned for 18 months at the Alipore (Allipura) Jail, Bellary.[17] After leaving jail, he met Samudrala Raghavacharya, who advised him to try his luck in the film industry as a singer.[18] Ghantasala married Savitri, who lived in a village called Pedapulivarru. In that village, Ghantasala met lyricist Samudrala Raghavacharya, who was impressed with his voice and inducted him into the Madras film industry. Before Ghantasala found fame, he was already an accomplished Carnatic music singer.

Ghantasala's first break as a singer came from All India Radio. Later on, Peketi Siva Ram from HMV studios recorded Ghantasala's private songs. Ghantasala debuted as a chorus singer and for a character role in Seeta Rama Jananam by Pratibha Films. After this, he worked with well-known music directors Gali Penchala and C. R. Subbaraman. Ghantasala's first film as a music director was Laxmamma. He introduced the technique of changing the vocal pitch and diction to suit the actor singing the songs. Ghantasala was peerless at Padyam renderings and his way with the Telugu padyam was incomparable.

Producer Krishnaveni gave Ghantasala his first job as full-time music director for her film Mana Desam, which was N. T. Rama Rao's first film. It established Ghantasala as a music composer-cum-playback singer. He was the most prolific film composer and playback singer in Telugu cinema until the mid-1970s. He composed music for many popular Telugu movies, including Patala Bhairavi, Mayabazaar, Lava Kusa, Pandava Vanavasam, Rahasyam,Gundamma Katha, Paramanandayya Shishyula Katha and Pelli Chesi Chudu, and also for popular Tamil and Kannada films in the 1950s and 1960s. Ghantasala sang for and directed the music for a Hindi film Jhandaa ooncha Rahe Hamara (1964).[19] The song "Siva Sankari" from the film Jagadeka Veeruni Katha (1961) was sung by Ghantasala in a single take.[19] [20][21] [22] [23]

Private recordings and Bhagavad Gita[edit]

Ghantasala served as the Aaasthana Gaayaka (court musician) for the Tirumala Tirupati Devasthanams. He recorded private albums, including Bhagawad Gita, Patriotic Songs, Padyalu—a unique genre of Telugu, singing the verses in dramatic style—Pushpa Vilapam, Devotional and folk songs. His recording of "Bhagawad Gita", which he directed and sang, can now be heard daily in the Tirumala temple.[24] According to music director Pendyala Nageswara Rao and playback singer P Susheela, "Ghantasala alone is the foremost among playback singers who had a full-fledged melodious powerful voice range which could accommodate in uniformity, all the three octaves in music quite comfortably".[25][26]

Pendyala Nageswara Rao channelled Ghantasala's classical musical knowledge and skills in classical renditions and in Telugu films including siva sankari from film Jagadekaveeruni Katha, Rasika Raja taguvaramu kama from film Jayabheri, Syamala Dandakam – Manikya Veena from film Mahakavi Kalidasu. Pendyala said these renditions were recorded only in one take by Ghantasala.[27]

Death[edit]

Ghantasala died on 11 February 1974, two months after his 51st birthday due to cardiac arrest at a hospital in Chennai. The last song he recorded was for a documentary – Bhadrachala Ramadasu Vaibhavam (music by Master Venu) from the hospital bed the day before his death.

Legacy[edit]

The Indian government released a postage stamp and first day cover to celebrate Ghantasala's work on 11 February 2003. He is the first movie singer-composer of the south to be accorded this honour.[1][28] The US Postal Department has released a postal stamp on Ghantasala on 6 October 2014. The postal stamp was jointly released by the North American Telugu Society (NATS) in collaboration with Telugu Literary and Cultural Association (TLCA) in New York.[29][30] Various awards named after Ghantasala are given every year, including the "Ghantasala melody king award". Recipients of this award include playback singers K J Yesudas and P Suseela, and Indian Idol Sri Ramachandra.[7][31][32] Ghantasala Arts Academy has instituted the "Ghantasala National Award"; the first winner was playback singer S. P. Balasubrahmanyam.[33]

Awards[edit]

Ghantasala was honoured with the "Padmashri" by the Government of India.[34][35] He won the best playback singer award in Andhra Pradesh every year for nearly 30 years, a feat unachieved by any other playback singer.[3]

After the saint poet Annamacharya in the 15th century, Ghantasala has been the only singer to perform devotional songs inside the Tirumala Venkateswara Temple near the Lord Moola Virat.[3]

Tributes[edit]

The late singer remains an inspiration for many aspiring singers even to this day. A lot of books based on the life of Ghantasala have been published over the years. As a tribute, CH Rama Rao has written the script for the telefilm based on the life and time of the great singer, to be directed by award winning documentary filmmaker Karri Balaji. The film will be based on the discography of the legendary singer titled, "Ghantasala Patasala", that comprises 555 songs sung by Ghantasala.

"It is an honour to be directing the film based on Ghantasala. We will begin shooting for the film on December 4, which happens to be the 92nd birth anniversary of the great singer. The film will cover all aspects of the great man's life," said Karri Balaji.[36]

Personal life[edit]

Ghantasala Venkateswara Rao was married to Late Sarala Devi.[37] and Savithri. Ghantasala had eight children, four daughters (Syamala, Suguna,[38] Meera and Shanti) and four sons (Vijaya Kumar, Ravi Kumar, Shankar Kumar and Ratna Kumar).

Selected filmography[edit]

Playback singer and music director[edit]

Playback singer[edit]

Ghantasala recorded songs as playback singer for the movies under popular composers – S Rajeswara Rao, Pendyala Nageswara Rao, M S Viswanathan, K V Mahadevan, Adi Narayana Rao, Master Venu, T V Raju, T Chalapathi Rao, Shankar Jai Kishan, Susarla Dakshina Murthy, Galipenchala Narasimha Rao etc.

Private albums[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Honouring a legend". The Hindu (Chennai, India). 11 February 2003. 
  2. ^ http://www.ghantasala.info/theman/no_mere_singer.html
  3. ^ a b c d SriJa (4 December 2013). "Gana Gandharva Ghantasala". Andhra Wishesh. Wishesh Digital Media. Retrieved 19 November 2014. 
  4. ^ "Assorted Photographs". Ghantasala.info. 1 February 1970. Retrieved 30 December 2011. 
  5. ^ "Rich tributes paid to Ghantasala". Indian American. 14 December 2010. Retrieved 30 December 2011. 
  6. ^ "kiranextras: Ghantasala statues across state". Kiranextras.blogspot.com. 5 December 2008. Retrieved 30 December 2011. 
  7. ^ a b "Ghantasala's statue to adorn Guntur". The Hindu (Chennai, India). 11 December 2005. 
  8. ^ "Ghantasala music fest today". The Hindu (Chennai, India). 3 December 2010. 
  9. ^ "::The Hans India::". Thehansindia.info. Retrieved 30 December 2011. 
  10. ^ "NATIONAL / ANDHRA PRADESH: Statue of Ghantasala unveiled". Chennai, India: The Hindu. 12 February 2012. Retrieved 17 February 2012. 
  11. ^ Andhra Pradesh / Guntur News : Tributes paid to Ghantasala. The Hindu (19 February 2011)
  12. ^ Stage set for Ghantasala fete. The Hindu (30 September 2012).
  13. ^ Aruna Chandaraju. "Melodies of an era". The Hindu. 
  14. ^ "A homecoming for the maestro". The Hindu (Chennai, India). 23 July 2007. 
  15. ^ Thespian goes down memory lane. The Hindu (24 June 2012).
  16. ^ http://www.ghantasala.info/theman/ghantasala-vak-rao.html
  17. ^ "This jailhouse has a rich past". Retrieved 4 June 2010. 
  18. ^ http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0710550/bio
  19. ^ a b Homage to Ghantasala. Merinews.com (4 December 2009).
  20. ^ Ghantasala Biography. 8PM News (11 February 2011).
  21. ^ "మహమ్మద్ రఫీని విస్మయానికి గురి చేసిన ఘంటసాల పాట". 
  22. ^ http://www.thehansindia.com/posts/index/2014-02-09/Ghantasala-%E2%80%98Music%E2%80%99-Story-85297
  23. ^ "The Hindu : The melody imperial". 
  24. ^ "Ghantasala Biography | Tollywood News|latest news|telugu cinema|Live Tv Channels|telugu movie reviews|telugu songs|bollywood news gossips|Hyderabad news|ap news|Andhra news|telugu music|world news|business news|latest videos|entertainment news|World cup 2011|sports news". 8pmnews.com. 11 February 2011. Retrieved 30 December 2011. 
  25. ^ "Ghantasala's Biographical article ChimataMusic.com... A One-Stop for Melodious Telugu Songs!!!". Chimatamusic.com. Retrieved 30 December 2011. 
  26. ^ gaana gaMdharvuDu. Ghantasala.info
  27. ^ ఈమాట » ఘంటసాల–బాలసుబ్రహ్మణ్యం. Eemaata.com.
  28. ^ "Ghantasala adorns stamps - The Times of India". The Times Of India. 
  29. ^ "After ANR, Ghantasala Gets This Honour". CineJosh. 12 October 2014. 
  30. ^ Telugu News. "అలరించిన శరత్ చంద్ర ‘ఘంటసాల గాన విభావరి’ ***అమెరికాలో ఘంటసాల పోస్టల్ స్టాంపు విడుదల చేసిన నాట్స్". Telugu Community News. 
  31. ^ "Ghantasala Melody King Award for 'Indian Idol' Sree Ramachandra". The Hindu (Chennai, India). 5 December 2010. 
  32. ^ "Ghantasala Awards for Susheela, Nagoor Babu". The Hindu (Chennai, India). 4 December 2008. [dead link]
  33. ^ "Ghantasala national award presented to Balu". The Hindu (Chennai, India). 15 April 2011. 
  34. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 29 April 2012. Retrieved 1 March 2011. 
  35. ^ Assorted Photographs. Ghantasala.info.
  36. ^ "A telefilm on life of Ghantasala". The Times of India. 
  37. ^ "Sarala Devi Ghantasala". thaindian.com. 10 June 2009. 
  38. ^ "Ghantasala". Ghantasala.info. Retrieved 30 December 2011. 

External links[edit]