Ghar Parau

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Ghar Parau
Location Zagros Mountains, Iran
Depth 751 m (2,464 ft) [1]
Length 1.36 km (0.85 mi)[1]
Discovery 1971
Geology Limestone
Difficulty High
Hazards Vertical pitch

Ghar Parau is a limestone cave in the Zagros Mountains, north of Kermanshah in Western Iran.[2] At 751 m deep, it is the deepest cave in Iran.[3] Joujar Cave has been reported as the second deepest, at 568 m deep.[3]

History[edit]

A British led caving expedition to the Zagros Mountains in 1971 led to the discovery of the cave.[1] The cave was explored to a depth of 742 m by the time the expedition was forced to return to the surface.[1] The explorers believed that the cave might go on much further, possibly surpassing the Gouffre de la Pierre-Saint-Martin system, which at that time was the world's deepest known cave.[4]

The team returned the following year and passed their previous limit, but to their great disappointment the cave sumped almost immediately at a depth of 751 m and could be explored no further.[1] To be "Ghar Paraued" became a term used in British caving for a small, disappointing breakthrough following great effort to discover new passage.[citation needed]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Scheffel, Richard L.; Wernet, Susan J., eds. (1980). Natural Wonders of the World. United States of America: Reader's Digest Association, Inc. p. 158. ISBN 0-89577-087-3. 
  2. ^ "The Russian Iran-Ghar Parau Expedition 2006". Caving in Iran. 14 October 2009. Retrieved 17 April 2011. 
  3. ^ a b "Iran's second-deepest cave discovered". www.iran-daily.com. Retrieved 2017-03-12. 
  4. ^ "Ghar Parau: past and present / English. Adventure / Mountain.RU". www.mountain.ru. Retrieved 2017-03-12. 

External links[edit]