|Location||Zagros Mountains, Iran|
|Depth||751 m (2,464 ft) |
|Length||1.36 km (0.85 mi)|
Ghar Parau is a limestone cave in the Zagros Mountains, north of Kermanshah in Western Iran. At 751 m deep, it is the deepest cave in Iran. Joujar Cave has been reported as the second deepest, at 568 m deep.
A British led caving expedition to the Zagros Mountains in 1971 led to the discovery of the cave. The cave was explored to a depth of 742 m by the time the expedition was forced to return to the surface. The explorers believed that the cave might go on much further, possibly surpassing the Gouffre de la Pierre-Saint-Martin system, which at that time was the world's deepest known cave.
The team returned the following year and passed their previous limit, but to their great disappointment the cave sumped almost immediately at a depth of 751 m and could be explored no further. To be "Ghar Paraued" became a term used in British caving for a small, disappointing breakthrough following great effort to discover new passage.
- Scheffel, Richard L.; Wernet, Susan J., eds. (1980). Natural Wonders of the World. United States of America: Reader's Digest Association, Inc. p. 158. ISBN 0-89577-087-3.
- "The Russian Iran-Ghar Parau Expedition 2006". Caving in Iran. 14 October 2009. Retrieved 17 April 2011.
- "Iran's second-deepest cave discovered". www.iran-daily.com. Retrieved 2017-03-12.
- "Ghar Parau: past and present / English. Adventure / Mountain.RU". www.mountain.ru. Retrieved 2017-03-12.
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