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The typical shape of a ghara

Ghara is an earthen pot made in India and Pakistan. It is used for storing drinking water and keeping it cool.[1][2]

The word ghara has cognates in Pahari, Bengali and Odia languages that can all be traced to the Sanskrit word ghaṭa meaning pot.[3] It is spelled in Hindi: घ/ड़ा;[4] in Nepali: घड़ा ghaṛā;[5] in Urdu: گهاٿ‎;[6] and in Punjabi: ਘਡ਼ਾ.[7]

The word ghara is also used for the bulbous protuberance on the snout of mature adult male Ganges Gharials, Gavalis gangeticus, and is also the root of the common name gharial and the generic name Gavialis. The ghara enables the male gharial to produce a hissing sound as a sign of his dominance. Gharials are the only crocodilians that displays distinctive sexual dimorphism.[citation needed]


  1. ^ Sikdar, M. & Chaudhuri, P. (2015). "Pottery making tradition among the Prajapati community of Gujarat, India" (PDF). Eurasian Journal of Anthropology. 6 (1): 1–14.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  2. ^ Shafeeq, M. (2014). "Crafts of Cholistan (Bahawalpur Punjab Pakistan)". International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications. 4 (8): 193–199.
  3. ^ Parpola, A. (2011). "Crocodile in the Indus Civilization and later South Asian traditions" (PDF). In Osada, H.; Endo, H. (eds.). Linguistics, Archaeology and the Human Past. Kyoto, Japan: Indus Project Research Institute for Humanity and Nature. pp. 1–57. ISBN 978-4-902325-67-6.
  4. ^ Caturvedi, M. (1970). "घ/ड़ा". A practical Hindi-English dictionary. Delhi: National Publishing House. p. 186.
  5. ^ Turner, R. L. (1931). "घड़ा ghaṛā". A comparative and etymological dictionary of the Nepali language. London: K. Paul, Trench, Trubner. p. 153.
  6. ^ Platts, J. T. (1884). "گهاٿ घाट". A dictionary of Urdu, classical Hindi, and English. London: W. H. Allen & Co. p. 929.
  7. ^ Singh, M. (1895). "ਘਡ਼ਾ". The Panjabi dictionary. Lahore: Munshi Gulab Singh & Sons. p. 382.