Ghat Roads

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Coordinates: 13°38′32″N 79°22′20″E / 13.6422638°N 79.3721351°E / 13.6422638; 79.3721351

A view of the meandering Ghat Road leading to Yercaud in the Eastern Ghats

Ghat Roads are access routes into the mountainous Western and Eastern Ghats, mountain ranges of the Indian Subcontinent. These roads are remarkable feats of engineering and most were constructed during the British Raj. Ghat roads were built to connect to the famous Hill Stations established in the mountains for residents to avoid summer heat. They generally served to connect coastal (sea side) areas with the upper region Deccan plateau of the Indian Subcontinent.

There are many roads in India which can be classed as Ghat Roads.

Andhra Pradesh[edit]

Tirumala ghat roads[edit]

The Ghat roads between Tirupati and Tirumala to pilgrim Tirumala Venkateswara Temple. They are in Seshachalam Hills range in Pūrva Ghaṭ

Karnataka[edit]

The Western Ghat was built between coastal plains adjoining the Arabian Sea and the Deccan Plateau. There are many ghat roads which connect Karavali districts with that of Malenadu and Bayaluseemae region. Most of these ghats are very scenic during monsoon (rainy) season in the months of June, July and August. A few are mentioned below.

Agumbe (Kannada: ಆಗುಂಬೆ) is a small village located in Shimoga district, Thirthahalli taluk. Agumbe lies in a hilly, wet region of the Western Ghat mountains. Agumbe connects Udupi district (Udipi) with Shivamogga (Shimoga).[1] There is a sunset point at Agumbe ghats to view sunset in the evening. Agumbe ghat can be foggy during rains.

Charmadi. Charmadi ghat lies on the border of Dakshina Kannada and Chickmagalore districts of Karunadu. The national highway NH-73 (Old NH-234) passes through this ghat.[2]

Shiradi. Shirady ghat connects the coastal district of Dakshina Kannada with the Hassan district. The National highway 75 (Old NH-48) road starts from the seaport city of Mangaluru in Dakshina Kannada district and connects to Karnataka state capital Bengaluru.[3]

Hulikal. Hulikal ghat or Balebare ghat connects Udupi district with Shivamogga district, both in Karnataka state of India (Bharath). People and vehicles can travel from the low-lying coastal region to Deccan plateau through Western ghats.[4]

Sampaje. Sampaje ghat road is a part of Mangalooru to Mysuru highway.

Bisle. Bisle ghat road connects the temple town of Kukke Subramanya in Dakshina Kannada district, which lies below the western ghats, to Sakleshpura above the western ghats.[5] This ghat road is less used because of the dense forest and danger from wild elephants on the road. The Bisle ghat road lies in the Elephant corridor of Western Ghats, paths made by the elephants between water and food sources.

Devimane Ghat. Devimane ghat lies in Uttara Kannada district of Karnataka state, Bharat. It connects the coastal town of Kumta with Sirsi town above the western ghat. [6] Many KSRTC buses run through this ghat section. There is a Hindu temple at Devimane village.

Maharashtra[edit]

Amboli Ghat. This ghat connects Sawantwadi to Kolhapur and Belagavi in Karnataka. Amboli, Sindhudurg is a hill station on this ghat.

Bhor Ghat.The road connecting city of Mumbai to the city of Pune both in state of Maharashtra , Bharat passes through this ghat.

Kasara Ghat. This ghat is a passage through western ghats (Sahyadri) range of mountains for travelling from Thane city to Nasik city.

Malshej Ghat . A passage for road travellers from Thane district to Junnar in Pune district of Maharashtra state.

Tamhini Ghat. Located in Pune district of Maharashtra state.

Tamil Nadu[edit]

The state of Tamil Nadu in India has most of ghat roads.

Nilgiri Ghat Roads[edit]

They are situated in The Nilgiris District of Tamil Nadu. There are several ghat roads here.

Kodai Ghat Road[edit]

Also known as the state highway SH 156 to reach the Kodaikanal hill station, situated in Dindigul District in Tamil Nadu.

Yelagiri Ghat Road[edit]

It is situated in Vellore district and has 14 hairpin bends through 15 kilometres (9.3 mi). Ghat road begins at Ponneri village which lies in Vaniyambadi-Tirupattur Road.

Yercaud Ghat Road[edit]

This includes 20 sharp hairpin bends along 25 kilometres (16 mi) ghat road. This hill station is in Salem District.

Kollimalai Ghat Road[edit]

This road contains 72 hairpin bends and leads to this wonderful hill station which is situated in Namakkal district. The ghat road begins in Belukurichi village at the foot of the Kollimalai hills. Ghat road covers 24 kilometres (15 mi).

Valparai Ghat Road[edit]

The Ghat road begins at the Monkey Falls and has 40 hairpin bends. Valparai is a hill station in Coimbatore district.

Dhimbam Ghat Road[edit]

This 14 kilometres (8.7 mi) ghat road located close to Eastern Ghats extends from Bannari to Dhimbam is a part of NH 948 cutting across Sathyamangalam Wildlife Sanctuary. 27 Hairpin bends.

Sirumalai Ghat Road[edit]

This ghat road is located between Dindigul and Madurai districts of southern Tamil Nadu. It has 26 hairpin bends.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Traffic is now open on Agumbe Ghat road". thehindu.com. Retrieved 26 May 2017.
  2. ^ "Charmadi Ghat". karnatakaholidays.com. Retrieved 27 May 2017.
  3. ^ "State govt. cancels Shiradi Ghat road reconstruction contract". thehindu.com. Retrieved 26 May 2017.
  4. ^ "Balebare Ghat". yennaarudupi.blogspot.in. Retrieved 27 May 2017.
  5. ^ "Bisle Ghat road awaits repair". deccanherald.com. Retrieved 27 May 2017.
  6. ^ "Devimane Ghat opens for vehicles". thehindu.com. Retrieved 30 July 2018.