|Elevation||5 m (16 ft)|
|• Official||Bengali, English|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|ISO 3166 code||IN-WB|
|Lok Sabha constituency||Ghatal|
|Vidhan Sabha constituency||Ghatal|
Ghatal is the headquarters of the Ghatal subdivision in Paschim Medinipur district, West Bengal, India. It also has a community development block. Ghatal is a flood-prone area and in many years is flooded by the Rupnarayan River. This town is old. The river Shilabati divided the town into two parts. The Ghatal Police station lies on the west bank of the river. There is one peculiar floating bridge on the river made of by joining some boats tied with rope from both sides in the banks, called "Bhasa Pool" (floating bridge). Also one cement bridge is constructed on the main pitch road passing through Chandrakona Town, Ghatal, Daspur and Mechhogram.
Ghatal Sub-Division and the town Ghatal have their old history of civilisation, business, struggle for freedom of India. Many patriots, social reformers, and freedom fighters were the sons of this PS area. The river Darakeswar and Shilabati meet with rivers Jhumi and Damodar at a place named as Bandar (port) 3 km (2 mi) East from Ghatal PS. This is the subdivision of Pandit Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar, Patriot Pradyot Bhattacharya, Patriot Pravangsu Paul, Patriot Mohini Mondal, Raja Narendralal Khan, Patriot Manabendranath Roy and so many memorable persons.
In ancient times, Tamralipta was an important port for shipping for export and imoprt between Bangal and other countries including Sri Lanka. This Bandar of Ghatal was also used as port for anchoring boats and ships with goods. Ghatal was once famous for the manufacture of cotton, tusser silk ,bell-metal utensils, and earthenware. It was so important that the Dutch had a factory in the headquarters town, which is still used as a sub-divisional courts. In the early days of British occupation three commercial residents were located in the locality to supervise local trade. The old industries like the cultivation and weaving of silk and cotton for which Ghatal and its nearest areas were famous from ancient times were systematically wiped away by the policy of the East India Company's administration. Withdrawal of the company's investments, shrinkage in the marketability of textile goods at home and abroad, and heavy competition of the foreign goods were responsible for the decline of textile industries in Ghatal and the nearest areas like Radhanagar, Khirpai, Chandrokona, and Khrar. This area was also famous for the sugar industry (mainly in Radhanagar areas) in ancient times.
In 2002, Medinipur District was divided into two parts, Purba Medinipur and Paschim Medinipur, for the sake of administrative efficiency and expediency. Paschim Medinipur consists of four sub-divisions - Kharagpur, Medinipur Sadar, Ghatal, Jhargram. Ghatal sub-division now consists of five blocks- Chandrokona-I, Chandrokona-II, Daspur-I, Daspur-II, and Ghatal, and five municipalities - Ramjibanpur, Khirpai, Chandrokona, Kharar and Ghatal.
As of 2001[update] India census, Ghatal had a population of 51,586. Males constitute 52% of the population and females 48%. Ghatal has an average literacy rate of 76%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 83%, and female literacy is 69%. In Ghatal, 11% of the population is under 6 years of age.
As per the 2001 census, Ghatal CD Block had a population of 190,705 out of which 96,605 were males and 94,100 were females. Growth of population in the 1991-2001 decade was 11.83 per cent.
CD Block HQ
The headquarters of Ghatal Block are located at Ghatal.
Besides the town area the people of the villagers basically earn their livelihood by producing crops, like paddy, potato, wheat, jute and vegetables of different kinds. Some people earn money by fishing and hawking and weaving. A good many of the inhabitants are used to leave their houses to different states like Maharashtra and Gujarat and abroad in Dubai and other Arabian Countries to earn money by working as goldsmiths and silversmiths and employing themselves in private factories. A few of the percentage of the people are government employees or school teachers, or are employed in other small private sectors.
The financial status of most of the people is in the middle class and lower middle class category. There are some Muslim inhabitants in some villages. No communal tension exists. The manufacture of bell metal articles in Kharar Town under this subdivision is famous in the market of the state.
Its climate is moderate, but Ghatal is a flood-prone area and is flooded by the Shilaboti, Jhumi, Kethiya, Kansaboti and Rupnarayan Rivers. Rice, potato and other vegetable farming are the main occupation of the people of this subdivision.
Ghatal is well connected by roads and highways with nearby cities like Kolkata, Howrah, Midnapore, Kanthi, Digha, Burdwan, Bankura. For local transportation, buses, minibuses, and cycle-rickshaws are available. Panskura Railway Station is the nearest railway station. SH 4 passes through Ghatal.
There are number of well known schools and colleges in Ghatal. For higher education, there is a college named Ghatal Rabindra Satabarsiki Mahavidyalaya under Vidyasagar University. The literacy rate of Ghatal is 76%. The schools are:
- Daspur Vivekananda High School
- Ghatal Vidyasagar High School
- Rathipur Barada Banipith (H.S.)
- Ghatal Basantakumari Balika Vidyalaya
- Ghatal Gurudas High School
- Ghatal Yogoda Satsangha Sriyukteswar Vidyapith
- Rajnagar Union High School
- Panchberia Ram Chandra Smritishiksha Mandir
- Natuk vivakananda High School
- Maharajpur High School
Rakshabandhan For Education is a non-governmental educational organisation in Ghatal sub-division to help poor meritorious students.
Ghatal S.D Hospital is in the Ghatal town. The people of this subdivision mainly depend on this hospital. There is also a super specialty hospital. Ghatal town is famous for many private nursing homes; it has 23. The private hospitals and nursing Homes are:
- GFC Hospital (জি.এফ.সি হাসপাতাল);
- Lions Club Eye Hospital
- Dreamland Nursing Home
- Jibandeep Nursing Home
- Damodar Nursing Home
- South Point Nursing Home
- B.R.Sasmal Nursing Home
- Ramkrishna Nursing Home
- Bimal Sishu Sadan
- Bidhan Nursing Home
- Pal Nursing Home
- Vibekanda Nursing Home
- Shree Guru Nursing Home
- Indrani Nursing Home
- Moonlight Nursing Home
- Sabita Nursing Home
- Neramoy Nursing Home
- Nebedita Nursing Home
- Maity Nursing Home
- Sunview Nursing Home
- Sanjiban Nursing Home
- Newlife Nursing Home
- Nightingle Nursing Home
The common people of this area maintained a culture something different from other parts of the district in conducting and observing their way of work in rituals and customs. They cherish their old fashion and customs. For example, the people celebrating the worship of Maa Sitala Buri and other Maa Sitalas in an around Ghatal Town used to carry hundreds of dhaks in procession and arrange open operas acting on the stage dragged and pushed by the men on pitch road running through the town.
Among many festivals in Ghatal Sishu Mela is most popular. Many people of Ghatal town and its neighbouring blocks take part in the Sishu Mela. Vidyasagar Mela is also popular, which takes place in Birsingha (the birthplace of Iswarchandra Vidyasagar). The regular Bengali festivals like Durga Puja, Saraswati Puja and Kali Puja are well attended. Other common pujas in the worship of Sitala, Jagaddhatri, Holi, Janmastami, Bheema Puja also take place.
The Visalaxmi temple at Barada and Khipteswari temple at Ghatal are the main tourist attractions. There is one peculiar floating bridge on the river made of by joining some boats tied with rope from the both sides in the banks. This bridge is also called Bhasapool', and is one of the greatest tourist attractions in Ghatal. There is also the Kushpata Satsanga Ashram. The largest Thakur Anukul Chandra temple of West Bengal is situated on the bank of Shilabati River which is 1.5 km (1 mi) away from Ghatal Vidyasagar Setu. Here one can see several temples of Anukul Thakur. There is a large prayer room for the common people. Everyday a huge number of people go to visit the temple and spend time in this silent area. The peoples of the Ghatal are very religious. There are many ashramas like Anukul Thakurer Satsanga ashram, Nigamanand er ashram, Ramkrishna Mission,and Swami Debananda ashram.
Newspapers and magazines
There are many newspapers and magazines published from Ghatal Subdivision.
- Sthaniya Sambad (স্থানীয় সংবাদ), editor: Tripti Paul Karmakar; the most popular and largely circulated newspaper in this subdivision
- Daspur Barta (দাসপুর বার্তা), editor: Shyampada Patra
- Palli Prachar (পল্লী প্রচার), editor: Alok Kumar Ghosh
- Shilaboti (শিলাবতী), editor: Amiya Das Ghosh
- Chetua Sambad (চেতুয়া সংবাদ), editor: Ashoke Chatterjee
- Sangrami Krishijibi Samachar (সংগ্রামী কৃষিজীবী সমাচার), editor: Kamal Krishna Bera
- Satya Pathe Jatik (সত্য পথে যাতিক), editor: Shantinath Pahari; a registered newspaper
- Ghatal Barta (ঘাটাল বার্তা), editor: Gangadhar Roy; a registered newspaper
- Biplabi Janakantha (বিপ্লবী জনকন্ঠ), editor: Arun Kumar Paul and
- Akhon Ghatal (এখন ঘাটাল), editor: Dibakar Shee; a registered newspaper (RNI NO-WBBEN/2014/60272); one of the most popular and largely circulated newspapers in this subdivision
- Srijan (সৃজন), editor: Prof Laxman Karmakar
- Prakita Angikar (প্রকৃত অঙ্গীকার), editor: Ramranjan Roy
- Barne Barnan (বর্ণে বর্ণন), editor: Arindam Prithibi; popular magazine of Ghatal
- Bhasapool (Pontoon Bridge) - Heritage of India
- Kushpata Satsanga Ashram of Anukul Thakur
- Visalaxmi Temple at Barada
- Birsing - birthplace of Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar
- Alamgunj Mosque
- Eco park- picnic destination
- Vidyasagar School - established by Pandit Ishwar Vidyasagar
- Akinchan Chakrabarty, 18th-century Bengali poet
- Manabendra Roy
- Sova Singh, Raja from chetua, established Visalaxmi temple
- Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar, social reformer who dedicated his life for basic education of the people, development of women education and reformation of educational structure as a whole; writer of Barnaparichay
- Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Ghatal
- "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.
- "Provisional population totals, West Bengal, Table 4, (erstwhile) Medinipur District". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2011-09-28. Retrieved 2010-12-22.
- "District Census Handbook: Paschim Medinipur" (PDF). Map of Paschim Medinipur with CD Block HQs and Police Stations (on the fifth page). Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 20 November 2016.
- "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Paschim Medinipur". Tables 2.1, 2.2. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 14 October 2016.
- "District at a Glance". Paschim Medinipur District Police. Retrieved 27 October 2016.
- How India Clothed the World: The World of South Asian Textiles, 1500-1850. p. 240. ISBN 9789004176539. Retrieved 19 May 2016.
- Chatterjee, Gouripada. History of Bagree-Rajya (Garhbeta): With Special Reference to Its Anti-British Role, from Late 18th Century Till the Present Times. p. 141. ISBN 9788170990147.
- Midnapore, the Forerunner of India's Freedom Struggle. p. 100. Retrieved 19 May 2016.
- Das, Binod Sankar. Changing Profile of the Frontier Bengal, 1751-1833. p. 149. Retrieved 19 May 2016.
- District Handbooks: Malda. p. i. Retrieved 19 May 2016.