Ghatal (community development block)

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Ghatal
ঘাটাল
Community development block
সমষ্টি উন্নয়ন ব্লক
Ghatal is located in West Bengal
Ghatal
Ghatal
Location in West Bengal, India
Coordinates: 22°40′00″N 87°43′00″E / 22.666667°N 87.716667°E / 22.666667; 87.716667Coordinates: 22°40′00″N 87°43′00″E / 22.666667°N 87.716667°E / 22.666667; 87.716667
Country  India
State West Bengal
District Paschim Medinipur
Government
 • Type Community development block
Area
 • Total 216.05 km2 (83.42 sq mi)
Elevation 16 m (52 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 219,555
 • Density 1,000/km2 (2,600/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Bengali, English
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 721212 (Ghatal)
Area code(s) 03225
Vehicle registration WB-34
Literacy 81.08%
Lok Sabha constituency Ghatal
Vidhan Sabha constituency Ghatal
Website paschimmedinipur.gov.in

Ghatal is a community development block that forms an administrative division in Ghatal subdivision of Paschim Medinipur district in the Indian state of West Bengal.

Geography[edit]

In Ghatal CD Block the soil is fertile alluvial and the area is a flat deltaic country intersected by numerous rivers and water courses. It is a flood prone area and is affected by water logging in the rainy season. 95% of the cultivated area has alluvial soil and 5% has lateritic soil.[1]

Ghatal is located at 22°40′00″N 87°43′00″E / 22.666667°N 87.716667°E / 22.666667; 87.716667.

Ghatal CD Block is bounded by Goghat I CD Block, in Hooghly district, in the north, Khanakul I and Khanakul II CD Blocks, in Hooghly istrict, in the east, Daspur I CD Block in the south and Chandrakona I CD Block in the west.[2][3]

It is located 58 km from Midnapore, the district headquarters.[2]

Ghatal CD Block has an area of 216.05 km2. It has 1 panchayat samity, 12 gram panchayats, 166 gram sansads (village councils), 145 mouzas and 139 inhabited villages. Ghatal police station serves this block.[4] Headquarters of this CD Block is at Ghatal.[5]

Gram panchayats of Ghatal block/ panchayat samiti are: Ajabnagar I, Ajabnagar II, Birsingha, Dewanchak I, Dewanchak II, Irhpala, Mansuka I, Mansuka II, Mohanpur, Monoharpur I, Monoharpur II and Sultanpur.[6]

Notable people[edit]

Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar, scholar, social reformer and a key figure of the Bengal Renaissance, was born at Birsingha, now in this CD Block, on 26 September 1820.[7][8]

Demographics[edit]

Population[edit]

As per the 2011 Census of India Ghatal CD Block had a total population of 219,555, all of which were rural. There were 113,199 (52%) males and 106,356 (48%) females. Population below 6 years was 25,546. Scheduled Castes numbered 72,243 (32.90%) and Scheduled Tribes numbered 3,681 (1.76%).[9]

As per the 2001 census, Ghatal block had a total population of 190,705, out of which 96,605 were males and 94,100 were females. Ghatal block registered a population growth of 11.83 per cent during the 1991-2001 decade. Decadal growth for the combined Midnapore district was 14.87 per cent.[10] Decadal growth in West Bengal was 17.45 per cent.[11]

Large villages (with 4,000+ population) in Ghatal CD Block are (2011 census figures in brackets): Sultanpur (4,206), Erpala (4,503), Mansukha (8,583), Dirghagram (4,513), Dwandbpur (4,060), Radhanagar (5,827), Shilarajnagar (4,082), Pratappur (4,699), Ratneshwar Bati (4,176) and Gopmohal urf Manoharpur (7,010).[9]

Other villages in Ghatal CD Block include (2011 census figures in brackets): Mohanpur (2,296), Ajabnagar (3,682), Birsingha (3,026) and Dewanchak (536).[9]

Literacy[edit]

As per the 2011 census the total number of literates in Ghatal CD Block was 157,301 (81.08% of the population over 6 years) out of which males numbered 88,481 (83.34% of the male population over 6 years) and females numbered 68,820 (73.33% of the female population over 6 years). The gender gap in literacy rates was 15.01%.[9]

See also – List of West Bengal districts ranked by literacy rate


Language and religion[edit]

Bengali is the local language in these areas.[2]

Religion in Ghatal CD Block
Hindu
  
89.95%
Muslim
  
9.77%
Others
  
0.28%

In the 2011 census Hindus numbered 197,488 and formed 89.95% of the population in Ghatal CD Block. Muslims numbered 21,450 and formed 9.77% of the population. Others numbered 617 and formed 0.28% of the population.[12] Others include Addi Bassi, Marang Boro, Santal, Saranath, Sari Dharma, Sarna, Alchchi, Bidin, Sant, Saevdharm, Seran, Saran, Sarin, Kheria,[13] Christians and other religious communities.[12]

BPL families[edit]

In Ghatal CD Block 38.86% families were living below poverty line in 2007.[14]

According to the District Human Development Report of Paschim Medinipur: The 29 CD Blocks of the district were classified into four categories based on the poverty ratio. Nayagram, Binpur II and Jamboni CD Blocks have very high poverty levels (above 60%). Kharagpur I, Kharagpur II, Sankrail, Garhbeta II, Pingla and Mohanpur CD Blocks have high levels of poverty (50-60%), Jhargram, Midnapore Sadar, Dantan I, Gopiballavpur II, Binpur I, Dantan II, Keshiari, Chandrakona I, Gopiballavpur I, Chandrakona II, Narayangarh, Keshpur, Ghatal, Sabang, Garhbeta I, Salboni, Debra and Garhbeta III CD Blocks have moderate levels of poverty (25-50%) and Daspur II and Daspur I have low levels of poverty (below 25%).[14]

Economy[edit]

Infrastructure[edit]

139 or 96% of mouzas in Ghatal CD block were electrified by 31 March 2014.[15]

145 mouzas in Ghatal CD Block had drinking water facilities in 2013-14. There were 231 fertiliser depots, 100 seed stores and 50 fair price shops in the CD Block.[15]

Agriculture[edit]

Circle frame.svg

Persons engaged in agriculture
in Ghatal CD Block

  Bargadars (10.12%)
  Patta holders (13.46%)
  Small farmers (2.61%)
  Marginal farmers (30.19%)
  Agricultural labourers (43.62%)

Although the Bargadari Act of 1950 recognised the rights of bargadars to a higher share of crops from the land that they tilled, it was not fully implemented. Large tracts, beyond the prescribed limit of land ceiling, remained with the rich landlords. From 1977 onwards major land reforms took place in West Bengal. Land in excess of land ceiling was acquired and distributed amongst the peasants.[16]Following land reforms land ownership pattern has undergone transformation. In 2013-14, persons engaged in agriculture in Ghatal CD Block could be classified as follows: bargadars 10.12%, patta (document) holders 13.46%, small farmers (possessing land between 1 and 2 hectares) 2.61%, marginal farmers (possessing land up to 1 hectare) 30.19% and agricultural labourers 43.62%.[15]

In 2005-06 the nett cropped area in Ghatal CD Block was 19,800 hectares, out of a geographical area of 23,901 hectares, and the area in which more than one crop was grown was 16,326 hectares.[17]

The extension of irrigation has played a role in growth of the predominantly agricultural economy.[18]In 2013-14, the total area irrigated in Ghatal CD Block was 13,730 hectares, out of which 70 hectares were irrigated by canal water, 250 hectares by tank water, 11,400 hectares by deep tubewells, 305 hectares by shallow tubewells, 1,700 hectares by river lift irrigation and 5 hectares by other methods.[15]

In 2013-14, Ghatal CD Block produced 17,577 tonnes of Aman paddy, the main winter crop, from 9,944 hectares, 4,536 tonnes of Aus paddy (summer crop) from 1,959 hectares, 37,964 tonnes of Boro paddy (spring crop) from 12,040 hectares, 16 tonnes of wheat from 7 hectares, 25,123 tonnes of jute from 1,448 hectares and 37,640 tonnes of potatoes from 2,289 hectares. It also produced pulses and oilseeds.[15]

Banking[edit]

In 2013-14, Ghatal CD Block had offices of 11 commercial banks and 3 gramin banks.[15]

Transport[edit]

Ghatal CD Block has 13 ferry services and 7 originating/ terminating bus routes. The nearest railway station is 45 km from the CD Block headquarters.[15]

Education[edit]

In 2013-14, Ghatal CD Block had 168 primary schools with 14,197 students, 5 middle schools with 278 students, 21 high schools with 8,235 students and 12 higher secondary schools with 9,953 students. Ghatal CD Block had 375 institutions for special and non-formal education with 12,311 students.[15]

The United Nations Development Programme considers the combined primary and secondary enrolment ratio as the simple indicator of educational achievement of the children in the school going age. The infrastructure available is important. In Ghatal CD Block out of the total 168 primary schools in 2008-2009, 100 had pucca buildings, 21 partially pucca, 2 kucha and 45 multiple type.[19]

Healthcare[edit]

In 2014, Ghatal CD Block had 1 block primary health centre and 2 primary health centres with total 26 beds and 7 doctors. It had 32 family welfare sub centres and 1 family welfare centre. 1,266 patients were treated indoor and 61,746 patients were treated outdoor in the hospitals, health centres and subcentres of the CD Block.[15]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "District Human Development Report: Paschim Medinipur" (PDF). pages 4-5 (About Paschim Medinipur), page 26 (Predominant Soil), pages 265- 268 (Identification of Flood prone areas, Names of drought prone blocks). Development and Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 2 January 2017. 
  2. ^ a b c "Ghatal Block". onefivenine. Retrieved 22 July 2016. 
  3. ^ "District Map Paschim Medinipur". Maps. Paschim Medinipur district administration. Retrieved 22 July 2016. 
  4. ^ "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Paschim Medinipur". Tables 2.1, 2.2. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 10 October 2016. 
  5. ^ "District Census Handbook: Paschim Medinipur" (PDF). Map of Paschim Medinipur with CD Block HQs and Police Stations (on the fifth page). Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 20 November 2016. 
  6. ^ "Directory of District, Subdivision, Panchayat Samiti/ Block and Gram Panchayats in West Bengal". Paschim Medinipur - Revised in March 2008. Panchayats and Rural Development Department, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 1 August 2016. 
  7. ^ Murshid, Ghulam. "Vidyasagar, Pundit Iswar Chandra". Banglapedia. Retrieved 24 July 2016. 
  8. ^ "Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar". www.whereincity.com. Retrieved 24 July 2016. 
  9. ^ a b c d "C.D. Block Wise Primary Census Abstract Data(PCA)". 2011 census: West Bengal – District-wise CD Blocks. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 3 May 2016. 
  10. ^ "Provisional population totals, West Bengal, Table 4, (erstwhile) Medinipur District". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on September 28, 2011. Retrieved 22 July 2016. 
  11. ^ "Provisional Population Totals, West Bengal. Table 4". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 27 September 2007. Retrieved 17 July 2016. 
  12. ^ a b "C1 Population by Religious Community". West Bengal. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 29 July 2016. 
  13. ^ "ST-14 A Details Of Religions Shown Under 'Other Religions And Persuasions' In Main Table". West Bengal. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 29 July 2016. 
  14. ^ a b "District Human Development Report: Paschim Medinipur" (PDF). May 2011. Page 177. Development & Planning Department, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 8 January 2017. 
  15. ^ a b c d e f g h i "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Paschim Medinipur". Tables 2.1, 8.2, 16.1, 17.2, 18.2, 18.1, 20.1, 21.2, 4.4, 3.1, 3.3 – arranged as per use. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 2 January 2017. 
  16. ^ "District Human Development Report: South 24 Parganas". (1) Chapter 1.2, South 24 Parganas in Historical Perspective, pages 7-9 (2) Chapter 3.4, Land reforms, pages 32-33. Development & Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, 2009. Retrieved 7 August 2016. 
  17. ^ "District Human Development Report, Paschim Medinipur" (PDF). Table 2.4, Page 28. Development and Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, May 2011. Retrieved 2 January 2017. 
  18. ^ "District Human Development Report: Paschim Medinipur" (PDF). Chapter V: Economic Livelihoods, pages 129-131. Development and Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 2 January 2017. 
  19. ^ "District Human Development Report: Paschim Medinipur" (PDF). May 2011. Page: 60. Development & Planning Department, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 31 July 2016.