Muhammad Ghazali Shafie
|محمد غزالي شافعي|
|Minister of Foreign Affairs|
17 July 1981 – 16 July 1984
|Monarchs||Ahmad Shah |
|Prime Minister||Mahathir Mohamad|
|Deputy||Mokhtar Hashim (1981–1983) |
Abdul Kadir Sheikh Fadzir (1983–1984)
|Preceded by||Tengku Ahmad Rithauddeen Tengku Ismail|
|Succeeded by||Tengku Ahmad Rithauddeen Tengku Ismail|
|Minister of Home Affairs|
13 August 1973 – 16 July 1981
|Monarchs||Abdul Halim |
|Prime Minister||Abdul Razak Hussein |
|Deputy||Abdul Samad Idris (1973–1976) |
Shariff Ahmad (1976–1978)
Rais Yatim (1978)
Syed Ahmad Syed Mahmud Shahabuddin (1978–1980)
Sanusi Junid (1980–1981)
|Preceded by||Ismail Abdul Rahman|
|Succeeded by||Musa Hitam|
|Minister of Information |
Minister with Special Functions
22 April 1971 – 24 August 1974
|Prime Minister||Abdul Razak Hussein|
|Deputy||Shariff Ahmad (1973–1974)|
|Preceded by||Hamzah Abu Samah as Minister of Information and Broadcasting|
|Succeeded by||Tengku Ahmad Rithauddeen Tengku Ismail|
|Secretary-General of the |
Ministry of Foreign Affairs
12 February 1959 – 21 September 1970
|Preceded by||Nik Ahmad Kamil Nik Mahmud|
|Succeeded by||Zaiton Ibrahim Ahmad|
|Born||22 March 1922|
Kuala Lipis, Pahang, Federated Malay States, British Malaya (now Malaysia)
|Died||24 January 2010 (aged 87)|
Subang Jaya, Selangor, Malaysia
|Resting place||Makam Pahlawan, Masjid Negara, Kuala Lumpur|
|Political party||United Malays National Organisation (UMNO)|
|Barisan Nasional (BN)|
|Spouse||Khatijah Abdul Majid|
|Alma mater||University College of Wales |
London School of Economics
Tun Muhammad Ghazali bin Shafie (Jawi: محمد غزالي بن شافعي; 22 March 1922 – 24 January 2010) was a Malaysian politician and diplomat. He served under the administrations of four Prime Ministers, most notably as Minister of Home and Foreign Affairs from 1973 to 1984.
Ghazali was born in 1922 in Kuala Lipis, Pahang. He was of Minangkabau descent from Rao, West Sumatra. He was part of the clandestine resistance to the Japanese occupation of Malaya in World War II. He then studied at the University of Wales and the London School of Economics.
During the Malayan Emergency, Ghazali fully supported British military attempts to crush a pro-independence uprising led by the Malayan National Liberation Army (MNLA), the armed wing of the Malayan Communist Party (MCP). Writing in The Times newspaper, Ghazali openly supported the killing and public display of the corpses of people suspected to have been members of the MNLA.
After a career in the civil service, Ghazali entered politics. He served as Home and Information Minister from 1973 to 1981, and was then appointed as Foreign Minister until 1984. He represented the Parliamentary seat of Lipis from 1974, before which he was a member of the Dewan Negara (upper house of parliament). As Foreign Minister, he was known for his role in ASEAN's diplomacy in respect of conflict in Cambodia. Described as a "flamboyant politician", his nickname was "King Ghaz".
On 11 January 1982, Ghazali survived an aeroplane crash in which he was the pilot. His bodyguard and co-pilot were killed. There had been reports (for example in the New York Times) that Ghazali had been killed in the crash. A coroner later blamed the accident on what the coroner found to be Ghazali's negligence.
After leaving politics, he held a range of positions in the corporate sector and with international organisations.
Ghazali died on 24 January 2010 at 7.45pm, at his home in Subang Jaya. His wife, Toh Puan Khatijah Abdul Majid, died in April 2008. They are survived by his two sons, Bachtiar and Sheriffudin. He was buried at Makam Pahlawan, Masjid Negara, Kuala Lumpur.
|1972||P064 Lipis, Pahang||Ghazali Shafie (UMNO)||15,702||81.33%||Tengku Kamarulzaman Tengku Hamid (PMIP)||3,605||18.67%||12,097|
|1974||P065 Lipis, Pahang||Ghazali Shafie (UMNO)||None||None||Unopposed|
|1978||Ghazali Shafie (UMNO)||14,778||69.92%||Kasim Yahya (PMIP)||3,199||15.13%||11,579|
|Wan Abdul Rahman Wan Ibrahim (IND)||3,160||14.95%|
|1982||Ghazali Shafie (UMNO)||15,094||61.07%||S. Nadarajan (DAP)||5,477||22.16%||25,703||9,617||70.74%|
|Kasim Yahya (PMIP)||4,145||16.77%|
Honours of Malaysia
- Malaysia :
- Recipient of the Malaysian Commemorative Medal (Gold) (PPM) (1965)
- Commander of the Order of the Defender of the Realm (PMN) – Tan Sri (1965)
- Grand Commander of the Order of Loyalty to the Crown of Malaysia (SSM) – Tun (2005)
- Pahang :
- Companion of the Order of the Crown of Pahang (SMP) (1968)
- Knight Companion of the Order of the Crown of Pahang (DIMP) – Dato' (1970)
- Grand Knight of the Order of the Crown of Pahang (SIMP) – formerly Dato', now Dato' Indera (1972)
- Grand Knight of the Order of Sultan Ahmad Shah of Pahang (SSAP) – Dato' Sri
- Selangor :
- Knight Grand Companion of the Order of Sultan Salahuddin Abdul Aziz Shah (SSSA) – Dato' Seri (1985)
- Sabah :
- Grand Commander of the Order of Kinabalu (SPDK) – Datuk Seri Panglima
- Sarawak :
- Knight Commander of the Order of the Star of Hornbill Sarawak (DA) – Datuk Amar (1988)
- South Vietnam :
- Grand Officer of the National Order of Vietnam (1965)
Places named after him
- MRSM Tun Ghazali Shafie, a MARA institutional boarding school in Kuala Lipis, Pahang
- Ghazali Shafie Graduate School Research Institute, Universiti Utara Malaysia, Kedah
- Ghazali Shafie Graduate School of Government, Universiti Utara Malaysia, Kedah
- ^ Tun Muhammad Ghazali bin Shafie. arkib.gov.my
- ^ a b "'King Ghaz' Remembered As No-nonsense Man". Bernama. 25 January 2010. Retrieved 25 January 2010.
- ^ http://ww1.utusan.com.my Archived 10 March 2015 at the Wayback Machine Memperkasakan Tokoh Rao Archived 2 September 2017 at the Wayback Machine
- ^ a b c d Leifer, Michael (2001). Dictionary of the modern politics of South-East Asia (3rd ed.). Taylor & Francis. p. 121. ISBN 0-415-23875-7. Retrieved 25 January 2010.
- ^ Hack, Karl (2022). The Malayan Emergency: Revolution and Counterinsurgency at the End of Empire. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. p. 319.
- ^ a b c "Ghazali Shafie Dies". Bernama. 25 January 2010. Retrieved 25 January 2010.
- ^ "Mohammad Ghazali bin Shafie, Malaysian official, dies in crash". New York Times. 11 January 1982. Retrieved 25 January 2010.
- ^ "Envoy Survives". The Pittsburgh Press (United Press International). 11 January 1982. Retrieved 25 January 2010.
- ^ "Minister blamed". The Montreal Gazette. 23 June 1983. Retrieved 25 January 2010.
- ^ "Ghazali Shafie dies". The Star (Malaysia). 24 January 2010. Archived from the original on 27 January 2010. Retrieved 25 January 2010.
- ^ "'King' Ghaz dies". The Malaysian Insider. 25 January 2010. Archived from the original on 27 January 2010. Retrieved 25 January 2010.
- ^ ""King Ghaz" buried at Warriors' Mausoleum". mysinchew.com. 25 January 2010. Retrieved 25 January 2010.
- ^ a b "SEMAKAN PENERIMA DARJAH KEBESARAN, BINTANG DAN PINGAT". Prime Minister's Department (Malaysia). Archived from the original on 29 September 2018. Retrieved 1 July 2022.
- ^ "Senarai Penuh Penerima Darjah Kebesaran, Bintang dan Pingat Persekutuan Tahun 1965" (PDF).
- ^ "Senarai Penuh Penerima Darjah Kebesaran, Bintang dan Pingat Persekutuan Tahun 2005" (PDF).
- ^ "Lima Dato baharu di-Pahang kurnian Sultan hari ini". Berita Harian. 29 May 1968. p. 12.
- ^ "Kurniaan bintang kebesaran kapada Sultan Perak, Sultan Kedah". Berita Harian. 29 May 1970. p. 3.
- ^ "S'poreans made datos by Pahang Sultan". The Straits Times. 29 May 1972. p. 10.
- ^ "SSSA 1985". awards.selangor.gov.my. Retrieved 23 February 2022.
- ^ "Vietnam honours Tengku with a top —award". The Straits Times. 7 October 1965. p. 1.
- 1922 births
- 2010 deaths
- People from Pahang
- Alumni of the London School of Economics
- Alumni of the University of Wales
- Foreign ministers of Malaysia
- Home ministers of Malaysia
- Information ministers of Malaysia
- Malaysian people of Malay descent
- Malaysian Muslims
- Malaysian people of Minangkabau descent
- United Malays National Organisation politicians
- Knights Commander of the Order of the Star of Hornbill Sarawak
- Members of the Dewan Negara
- Members of the Dewan Rakyat
- Grand Commanders of the Order of Loyalty to the Crown of Malaysia
- Commanders of the Order of the Defender of the Realm
- Malaysian expatriates in the United Kingdom
- Grand Commanders of the Order of Kinabalu