Ghazi Saiyyad Salar Masud

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Ghazi Saiyyed Salar Masud (Persian: غازى سيد سالار مسعود‎) (died 14 Rajab 424AH / 1032 AD) was the nephew of Sultan Mahmud Ghaznavi. He was son of Ghazi Salar Sahu who was descendent of Muhammad ibn al-Hanafiyyah, son of Hazrat Ali, and Sitr-i-Mu'alla, who was sister of Sultan Mahmud Ghaznavi. Salar Masud came along with his uncle Salar Saifudin and teacher Syed Ibrahim Mashadi Bara Hazari (Salar-i-Azam of Sultan Mahmud Ghaznavi) in early 11th century to the South Asia for propagation of Islam.[1] Salar Masud was born at Ajmer on 22 January 1015 AD.

Mazar of Syed Salar Masoud Ghazi Bahraich

Somnath[edit]

Salar Masud was 11 years old (in 1026 CE) when he took part in the invasion of Somnath with his uncle Sultan Mahmud Ghaznavi. While his uncle returned to Ghazni after victory at Somnath, Salar Masud settled in South Asia to further his ambitions.[2]

Invasion[edit]

Salar Masud entered India with an army of more than 100,000 men with 50,000 horses accompanied by two generals Meer Hussain Arab and Ameer Vazid Jafar attacked India in May 1031 AD. He marched on into northern India and was joined by his uncle Salar Saifuddin, Meer Wakhtiar, Meer Sayyad Ajijuddin and Malik Bahruddin and their armies.

After swift raids across Northern India plains and passing through Meerut, Kannauj and Malihabad he arrived in Satrikh. They marched on to Meerut and Ujjain whose local kings made friendship treaties. Later Saket was taken. Miyya Rajab and Salar Saifuddin took Bahraich. Amir Hasan Arab took Mahona, Malik Fazal took Varanasi. Sulutanu-s-Salateen and Mir Bakhatiar went south to Kannor and there Mir Bakhtiar was killed during a fight with the local army. Sayad Sahu took Karra and Manikpur. Leaving Malik Abdullah in charge of Karra and Kutb Haidar at Manikpur. Syad Aziz-ud-din was sent against Hardoi, but fell in the battle at Gopamau on the banks of Gomti.[3] The graves of his close associates and relatives such as Jalaluddin Bukhari and Syed Ibrahim Bara Hazari are still located at Rewari.[4]

Battle of Bahraich[edit]

Syed Salar Masood proceeded to attack Ayodhya via Zaidpur, Baba Bazar, Rudauli, but on reaching Raunahi,and here a little town has been founded by the of Salar Masud named Salarpur. (in the outskirts of Ayodhya) he suddenly changed his mind and marched his army towards Brahmarchi, the present-day Bahraich in Uttar Pradesh. At that time, Bahraich was also a very important place of Hindu pilgrimage, as there stood an old and magnificent temple of Sun God, named Balark Temple. It was a temple of Morning Sun, as the golden rays of the rising Sun first touched the feet of the deity. There was a bauli (which still exists, though in a very dilapidated condition) and a vast tank named Surya Kund.[5] During the invasion by Salar Masud, regions of Lakhimpur, Sitapur, Lucknow, Barabanki, Unnao, Faizabad, Bahraich, Sravasti, Gonda etc were ruled by a confederacy of 21Pasi chieftains under Raja Suheldev. They were 1) Rai Saheb 2) Arjun 3) Bhaggan 4) Rai Raib 5) Gang 6) Makran 7) Shankar 8) Karan 9) Birbal 10) Jaipal 11) Shripal 12) Harpal 13) Harkaran 14) Harkhu 15) Narhar 16) Bhaalar 17) Judhari 18) Narayana 19) Dal 20) Narsingh 21) Kalyana. Alarmed by the presence of the Ghaznavid army in their country, soon they formed a local confederacy.

The two forces met near the Chittaura Jheel, a lake about 8 Kilometres away from modern Bahraich on Bahraich-Gonda Road.[6] Salar Masud was either beheaded by the Raja Suheldev[citation needed] or died due to an arrow piercing his throat.[7] He died under a Mahua tree near the sacred Suryakund of the Ashram of Rishi Balak, Guru of Raja Suheldev.[citation needed]

Tomb of Ghazi Saiyyed Salar Masud[edit]

Later, Sultan Firuz Shah Tughlaq, who had a great admiration for Salar Masud, built his tomb. An impressive display of arms from the times of Salar Masud is also present in the mausoleum.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

Sources[edit]

  • Mirati Mas’udi by ‘Abdur Rahman Chishti
  • In The History of India as Told by its own Historians. The Posthumous Papers of the Late Sir H. M. Elliot. John Dowson, ed. 1st ed. 1867. 2nd ed., Calcutta: Susil Gupta, 1956, vol. 14, pp. 103–145.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Hakim Syed Zillur Rahman (2008). "Chapter: Rajasthan wa Mewat ki Ahmiyat". Hayat Karam Husain (2nd ed.). Aligarh/India: Ibn Sina Academy of Medieval Medicine and Sciences. pp. 20–25. OCLC 852404214. 
  2. ^ Mirati Mas’udi by ‘Abdur Rahman Chishti
  3. ^ Kol, Trilokinath, 1997: Hindu Samaj Ka Gaurav: Pasi Veer Maharaja Suheldev
  4. ^ Kol, Trilokinath, 1997: Hindu Samaj Ka Gaurav: Pasi Veer Maharaja Suheldev
  5. ^ Visuvalingam Sunthar, 1992: Between Mecca and Banaras: An Acculturation Model of Hindu-Muslim Relations
  6. ^ Narayan, Badri, 2009: Fascinating Hindutva: Saffron Politics and Dalit Mobilisation
  7. ^ Mirat-i-Masudi