Ghazipur district

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This article is about the district. For its eponymous headquarters, see Ghazipur.
Ghazipur district
ग़ाज़ीपुर ज़िला
District of Uttar Pradesh
Location of Ghazipur district in Uttar Pradesh
Location of Ghazipur district in Uttar Pradesh
Country India
State Uttar Pradesh
Administrative division Varanasi
Headquarters Ghazipur
Tehsils 5
 • Lok Sabha constituencies Ghazipur
 • Total 3,384 km2 (1,307 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 3,622,727
 • Density 1,100/km2 (2,800/sq mi)
 • Urban 273,872
 • Literacy 74.27%.[1]
 • Sex ratio 951
Major highways NH 29,NH 19,NH 97,SH 36,SH 67,SH 69,SH 99
Coordinates 25°37′N 83°34′E / 25.61°N 83.57°E / 25.61; 83.57Coordinates: 25°37′N 83°34′E / 25.61°N 83.57°E / 25.61; 83.57
Average annual precipitation 1034 mm
Website Official website

Ghazipur District (Hindi: ग़ाज़ीपुर ज़िला, Urdu: غازیپور ضلع Ghāzīpur Zilā) is a district of Uttar Pradesh state in northern India. The city of Ghazipur is the district headquarters. The district is part of Varanasi Division. The region of Ghazipur is mainly famous for production of its unique rose scented Spray called Gulab Jal and for the tomb of famous Viceroy of British India Lord Cornwallis who died here and his tomb which is situated in Western part of City is conserved by Archeological Survey of India.The opium factory "Government Opium and Alkaloid works" situated in Ghazipur city is the biggest opium factory of Asia.[citation needed]


According to the 2011 census Ghazipur district has a population of 3,622,727,[1] roughly equal to the nation of Lithuania[2] or the US state of Oklahoma.[3] This gives it a ranking of 79th in India (out of a total of 640).[1] Out of the total population males are 1,856,584 and females are 1,766,143. The area of the district is 3,378 km2 and it constitute 1.82% of the population of uttar pradesh. It has a population density of 1,072 inhabitants per square kilometre (2,780/sq mi) .[1] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 19.26%.[1] Ghazipur has a sex ratio of 951 females for every 1000 males,[1] and a literacy rate of 74.27%(higher than the national average of 74.04%). Male literacy is 85.77% and female literacy is 62.29%.[1] 92.44% of the total population is rural and 7.56% is urban. Out of the total population of 3,622,727, rural population is 3,348,855 and urban population is 273,872. Average literacy of rural population is 73.62% and that of urban population is 82.05%.


Vernaculars spoken in Ghazipur include Bhojpuri, a language in the Bihari language group with almost 40,000,000 speakers, written in both the Devanagari, {English} and Kaithi scripts.[4]


  1. ^ a b c d e f g "District Census 2011". 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30. 
  2. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01. 
  3. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-09-30. Oklahoma 3,751,351 
  4. ^ M. Paul Lewis, ed. (2009). "Hindi, urdu, English: A language of India". Ethnologue: Languages of the World (16th edition ed.). Dallas, Texas: SIL International. Retrieved 2011-09-30. 

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