Ghevont Alishan

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Ghevont Alishan
Ghevont Alishan.jpg
Portrait of Alishan from his 1901 book Hayapatum (Հայապատում, "Armenian History")
Born (1820-07-06)July 6, 1820
Constantinople, Ottoman Empire
Died November 9, 1901(1901-11-09) (aged 81)
Venice, Kingdom of Italy
Residence San Lazzaro degli Armeni
Nationality Armenian
Fields Armenian Catholic priest, historian and a poet
Father Ghevont Alishan in his last days

Father Ghevont Alishan (Armenian: Ղևոնդ Ալիշան) (1820-1901; also spelled Ghevond Alishan) was an ordained Armenian Catholic priest, historian and a poet. He was awarded by the Legion of Honour of the French Academy (1866), an honorary member of the Asian Society of Italia, Archeological Society of Moscow, Venice Academy and Archeological Society of Saint-Petersburg.

John Ruskin wrote that he "always looked upon him [Padre Alishan] as a sort of saint; he has been our friend for a great many of years."[1]

He was a member of the Mkhitarist Congregation in Venice beginning in 1838. In 1885 he created the first modern Armenian flag. His first design was a horizontal tricolor, but with a set of colors different from those used on the Armenian flag of today. The top band would be red to symbolize the first Sunday of Easter (called "Red" Sunday), the green to represent the "Green" Sunday of Easter, and finally an arbitrary color, white, was chosen to complete the combination. While in France, Alishan also designed a second flag inspired by the national Flag of France. Its colors were red, green, and blue respectively, representing the band of colors that Noah saw after landing on Mount Ararat.


  • «Շիրակ» (Shirak) 1881.
  • «Սիսուան» (Sisouan) 1885.
  • «Այրարատ» (Ayrarat) 1890.
  • «Սիսական» (Sisakan) 1893.
  • «Հայապատում» ('Hayapatum', Armenian History). 1901, Venice.
  • «Շնորհալի եւ պարագայ իւր» ('Shnorhali ew paragay iwr', Armenian History). 1873, Venice.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ The Works of John Ruskin, Volume 32. G. Allen. 1907. p. 305. 

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