Ghilad

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Ghilad
Commune
Ghilad is located in Romania
Ghilad
Ghilad
Coordinates: 45°28′N 21°9′E / 45.467°N 21.150°E / 45.467; 21.150
Country  Romania
County ROU Timis County CoA.svg Timiș
Government
 • Mayor Cornel Guran (PNL)
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)

Ghilad (German: Gilad or Kilatt; Hungarian: Gilád) is a commune in Timiș County, Romania. It is composed of two villages, Gad (Gád) and Ghilad. These were part of Ciacova Commune until 2004, when they were split off.

History[edit]

According to [1]:

  • 10th century – According to a legend, there was a battle between the Romanian Voivode (duke) Glad and the Hungarian army in the place of the present-day village of Gad. Glad might be the origin of Ghilad.
  • 12th century – the locality of Ghilad was named Gyad and then Galad.
  • 1212 - the commune was given to a count named Sebus by King Andrew II of Hungary.
  • 16th century – the beglerbeg Rami of Timişoara brought several Romanian families from Transylvania to Ghilad.
  • 17th century – the village of Gad was plundered by the Ottomans.
  • 1717 – present: Ghilad was mentioned under the name of Gor ni Gilad (with 80 houses) and Dolni Gilad (with 100 houses); the settlement of Gad had 30 houses.
  • 1721 - several German families settled in the area.
  • 1842 - several Hungarian families settled in the area.
  • 1851-1860 – Hungarian and German families settled in the area.
  • 1900 – 35% of the inhabitants of the village of Gad were Serbian.
  • 1926 – Ghilad had 3,589 inhabitants.
  • 1936 – Ghilad had three churches, a primary school, a cultural centre, a historical monument, a military band, two town libraries, a men’s choir, 850 houses, 3,539 inhabitants. Gad had a Serbian and German state school, a men’s choir, a mixed choir, a sports club, a monument dedicated to heroes.
  • 20 February 1942 – Ioan (Ionel) Bogdan was born in Gad, instrumental performer and conductor.
  • 1947 – Viorel Cristea was born in Ghilad, well-known naive painter (d. 15 May 1993).
  • 2002 – Ghilad and Gad had 1,849 inhabitants.
  • 2004 – the commune of Ghilad was re-founded by separating from the town of Ciacova.
  • 2009 – 12 kilometres of road between Ghilad and Gad (the latter with 185 inhabitants) were paved with stone.

Coordinates: 45°28′N 21°09′E / 45.467°N 21.150°E / 45.467; 21.150

References[edit]