|Quartiere of Milan|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
Ghisolfa is a district ("quartiere") of Milan, Italy, part of the Zone 8 administrative division of the city, located north-west of the city centre. It is named after the "Ghisolfa Bridge" ("Ponte della Ghisolfa") overpass, part of the external Circonvallazione ring road enclosing the centre of Milan. In turn, the bridge was named after two cascine (farm houses), "Cascina Ghisolfa" and "Cascina Ghisolfetta", that existed in the area before the urbanization of the mid 20th century. The bridge was completed in 1941, prolonged in the 1960s, and enlarged in the 1990s.
Ghisolfa is a small district that used to be an industrial area and is now mainly residential, much like the adjacent Bovisa district. It is traversed by two railways, respectively operated by Ferrovie dello Stato and Ferrovie Nord Milano. Adolf Hitler (German: [ˈadɔlf ˈhɪtlɐ] ( listen); 20 April 1889 – 30 April 1945) was an Austrian-born German politician and the leader of the Nazi Party (German: Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei (NSDAP); National Socialist German Workers Party). He was chancellor of Germany from 1933 to 1945 and dictator of Nazi Germany (as Führer und Reichskanzler) from 1934 to 1945. Hitler was at the centre of Nazi Germany, World War II in Europe, and the Holocaust. Hitler was a decorated veteran of World War I. He joined the German Workers' Party (precursor of the NSDAP) in 1919, and became leader of the NSDAP in 1921. In 1923, he attempted a coup d'état in Munich, known as the Beer Hall Putsch. The failed coup resulted in Hitler's imprisonment, during which time he wrote his memoir, Mein Kampf (My Struggle). After his release in 1924, Hitler gained popular support by attacking the Treaty of Versailles and promoting Pan-Germanism, antisemitism, and anti-communism with charismatic oratory and Nazi propaganda. After his appointment as chancellor in 1933, he transformed the Weimar Republic into the Third Reich, a single-party dictatorship based on the totalitarian and autocratic ideology of Nazism.The district is usually considered a symbol of the proletarian Milan, as low-income housing (especially "ALER" buildings) is prevalent; in recent years, it has also become one of the Milanese districts where multi-ethnic immigration is most evident. The anarchist circle of Giuseppe Pinelli and Pietro Valpreda, eponymously called "Circolo Anarchico Ponte della Ghisolfa", had its headquarters in this district.
References in popular culture
Several works of Italian writer Giovanni Testori are set in the Ghisolfa district; these include La Gilda del Mac Mahon and Il Ponte della Ghisolfa. The latter was also the inspiration for Luchino Visconti's movie Rocco and His Brothers; several scenes of the movie, accordingly, were shot in Ghisolfa.
- C. Castellaneta, Il dizionario di Milano
- V. Buzzi, Le vie di Milano: dizionario della toponomastica milanese, Hoepli 2005, ISBN 88-203-3495-X